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English Grammar: The Prepositions ON, AT, IN, BY
 
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English for Beginners: Prepositions are short words that help us express location, time, and other relationships between people and things. Some examples of prepositions are: on, at, in, and by. Do you know how to use them? For example, do we say, "I am on a taxi" or "in a taxi"? Do you like to travel "in a plane" or "by plane"? After watching this simple but useful lesson, you will know exactly which preposition to use in any situation. Test yourself with our quiz: http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-prepositions-on-at-in-by/ TRANSCRIPT I'm having a hard time reading on the train right now. Unh. Hold on. I'll start the lesson. Hi. James from engVid. Sorry, I was on the train. I want to teach you a lesson about four basic prepositions that we use in English that sometimes get confused, and I understand why, so I'll keep it basic. But because it's basic, it's going to be 80% correct. That's a good thing, that means you can go to the website and learn more from other lessons we have. But just know that sometimes there'll be exceptions, and I may not cover it here today. I'll even give you two exceptions to help you, but why waste time? Let's go to the board. Here's Mr. E. You'll notice he has a calendar, he has a clock, and: "You are here"? Oh, here. "Here" is a location. We're here right now, doing a lesson. That's the location: engVid. Let's go to the board and do the rest of the lesson, shall we? Here's: "at", "on", "in", and "by". "At". I love it because it's very specific, so you always know where you are, exactly. Problem: For transportation, "at" doesn't have anything. Hmm. So let's go to the next one. Let's go to "on". On. "On" is used for, let's say, large vehicles or large ways of travelling, such as buses... Sorry. Trains, buses, planes, and boats. I'll come back to boat in a second; it's an exception. On the train, on the bus, and on the plane, unless you're Bill Gates, Donald Trump, or me-I'm not in that list-you don't have your own train, plane, or bus, so you usually share it with a bunch of people or a few people. It's large. So we say: "You're on the bus", because it covers a big area, so there are many people sitting in that area. When I get to location, you'll see what I mean. Boat is a small exception. For many people in the world, they have their own boats because maybe they do fishing, or rowing, which is a type of boat that you go by yourself. In that situation, you can use "in". So, if the boat is small enough, say: "in": "I'm in a boat right now." But if it's a big boat, you have to say: "I'm on a boat." Another exception for the "on" rule is bicycle. You're always "on" a bicycle. I know, I said big vehicles, but remember: a bicycle is small, and it doesn't really have a motor or an engine, so we kind of give it its own thing, because you have to sit on the bicycle, and you can never really be in a bicycle. Is that good? Now, let's go to "in". "In" is funny because there are only two things for "in". "In" we use for car and taxi. The easy way to think about it is usually you own your own car; it doesn't belong to a group of people. People just don't get on your car every time you stop it, they go in and say: "Take me somewhere." And a taxi, well, when you're in a taxi, it is kind of your car. You pay the driver and you keep the car. So, this is one of those few cases where, because it belongs to me, I am in my car or I am in the taxi, because the taxi belongs to me as long as I pay the money. It's one of these funny exceptions. I don't know why, because you can put more people in a car, but I guess because you can actually own this transportation, it's yours. Think of it like the small boat. The small boat, one person is in it, you can be inside of it. All right? Cool. The last one we're going to do is "by". This is how you get there. So, "by" is different. When we talk about "in" and "on", you are... We are talking about how you are in the vehicle. Are you sitting on the bicycle? I can see you on it? You know, a boat is on water. But "by" just means: How did you get here? So, when someone responds to you with: "By car", "by plane", they're telling you how they got here. Not if they're in the plane, or on the plane. They are just... That's how they got there. So, how did I get here to do this video? Wouldn't you like to know. I'm kidding. I came here by car. So, yes, I was in my car and drove here, but I would tell somebody: "I got here by car, not by bus", and that would tell them the difference in the transportation I took. "How did you get here?" You like that? Good, so that's "by", this is how you did it; and the way you travelled is here, "in" and "on". Remember there is a small exception for small vehicles, so a small boat you can be in. Remember small. And a bicycle, you're always on the bicycle, because people see you sitting on it. We good? Excellent. Now, that is the lesson for transportation.
Learn English - 4 ways to understand what you hear
 
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Learn how to understand almost everything you hear right now in 4 easy steps! If you are an advanced English student, and you already know grammar and can understand what you read, but have trouble understanding when people speak in movies and in real life, watch this lesson to find out HOW to listen and UNDERSTAND! http://www.engvid.com/4-listening-comprehension-tips/
5 conversation phrasal verbs you need to know
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ These 5 phrasal verbs are used every day by native speakers to help them "catch up" with friends and "work out" problems at home and work. Study this video and you won't ever feel cut off in a conversation. Take a quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/5-conversation-phrasal-verbs/ TRANSCRIPT Okay, James. Product placement right about now. Apple Computers, take one. Hi. James from EngVid. Yeah. We're getting sponsored by Apple. "Sponsored" means someone is paying you to do something. No, it's not the case. And just so you know, this is the cheap version that's old. One of you guys made a guess last time I held it up. You're like, "It's the Apple 5 with retinal scan!" I don't even know what that is, so don't ask me. Okay? So -- but Mr. E and I, we get to work on my computer, and we're going to tell a story. Mr. E, ready? Okay. So "Mr. E helped to blank blank my new computer. It's not new. It something something well, and we finished early. However, it something something Mr. E had forgotten to pay his electric bill, so the power was something something -- wow, a lot of 'something somethings'. We sat in the -- excuse me. We sat in the dark" -- stop. The end. This is a stupid story. I'm going to try and do a better story. Mr. E, help me, okay? Now, Mr. E -- first of all, I should tell you what this is about. I'm giving you five phrasal verbs that are commonly used in conversation that will help you have, you know, a more interesting conversation, but not just that. Because these are used commonly in conversation, you can understand what people are saying because I'm going to try and teach you not just one --no sirree Bob! We're having a sale today. James's sale -- you're going to get two for the price of one meaning, so you can understand this story, but when you're done, you can go back and actually build your own stories or usages, okay? So let's go to the beginning. "Mr. E helped me to something at my new computer." Well laptops are different. You just put it in a room. In the old days and even now, some people buy big computers, and they have speakers and they have the box and, you know, the big screen. And you have to put it somewhere. Well, when you put it somewhere, you know, you want to arrange or build a system. We call that a "set up". You set it up. It means to put it or arrange it in a way you can use it. You "set up" a business, right? It's a system, you know. You know you buy; you sell -- it's a system. So setting something up is to arrange it or organize it or build a thing that you can use. That's one definition, "set up". What's the second one?" To place somebody in an awkward situation". Interesting. Sometimes you're watching the movies -- I'm sure you watch many of them -- someone will say, "He set me up that so-and-so." Well, what it means is they knew something about the person; they pretended they didn't know; then, they got other people to come around to expose or get the truth out. That's called a "setup". The police "set up" criminals all the time, right? They pretend to buy drugs. They pretend, but they don't actually want to buy them. The criminal sells them, and then they catch them. And they say, "It was a setup from the beginning", and the police go, "Yeah, and you fell for it." When you "fall" for something, you believe it's true even though it's not, okay? So "set up" here means two things: to arrange a system; that's one thing, and that's what we did with my computer system. It's not an awkward situation. We've arranged and built a system, right? So let's set up. Let's go back. Mr. E helped me to set up my new computer. That means we put it on a table, got the speakers, plugged it in, made it work. Cool, right? Next, "It w___ o___ well and we finished early." "W___ o___ well" -- what could that be? W-o, w-o. Well, look. See this other arrow comes down here. What does that mean? Well, it means fix a problem -- or couples fix a relationship -- and come to a successful end. Well, what we're talking about is work because when you have a problem you must work, right? To come to a successful end means you must do some work first to come to the end. Running a race; making dinner; fixing a problem. Fixing a problem requires work. Couples have to work on a relationship. And we also have this "this worked out". And if you're like Arnold Schwarzenegger, you have big muscles because you work out. That's my best Arnold impersonation. Okay, so Arnold works out, but that's different. So we also say -- and I should've put it here -- "go to gym", right? Because a lot of times I hear foreign students say, "Teacher, we go exercising now." And I always go, "[laugh] You go exercise. Right." North Americans, English speakers, they "work out". That's what we do when we go to the gym. It is exercising, but that's our word. Be here we say, "It worked out well".
Using 'must' & 'have to' in English
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ What's the difference between 'must' and 'have to'? In this short English lesson, I explain.
English Grammar - Past Simple & Present Perfect
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this lesson, I explain what the simple past and present perfect are used for, and more importantly, when to use them properly.
How to Write an Effective Essay
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ In this lesson, I give you a simple method for writing a good, effective essay in English. If you don't know where to start when you are given a writing assignment, start here and learn how to do it right!
Phrasal verbs - OFF - make off, get off, pull off...
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ It's time to get off your ass, and pull off some advanced English learning! Learn a whole lot of new phrasal verbs, all using 'off'. Don't wait. Watch this lesson now... before someone makes off with it! http://www.engvid.com/phrasal-verbs-off/
Too or So?
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Do you make "too" many mistakes or "so" many mistakes when speaking or writing in English? Watch this important grammar lesson and don't make any mistakes (with too and so) again! And don't forget to take the quiz: www.engvid.com/too-or-so/
Improve your Vocabulary: Stop saying VERY!
 
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Using the same word again and again is boring, which is why native English speakers use a wide variety of vocabulary to express their thoughts and feelings. In this vocabulary lesson, I will teach you how to express yourself more effectively by replacing the word "very" with more precise and interesting adjectives. For example, you can replace "very cold" with "freezing". This illustrates your point more precisely. You will sound more natural and intelligent. Using these adjectives on the speaking section of IELTS and TOEFL exams will impress your examiner and improve your score. Watch the video to discover many more examples of this kind of vocabulary substitution. Variety is the spice of life! Next, watch my lesson on how to learn vocabulary FAST: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e_aA-Hc74Ag TRANSCRIPT "Getting from here to there, it's been a long while." Oh, hi. My time is finally here. James from engVid. I can't believe this, this is like the Mirror Universe. If you watch Star Trek, you'll understand; if not, go watch Mirror Universe with Star Trek. I have two, look at them, I have two Mr. Es. In the first one Mr. E is hot, and the first one Mr. E is cold. Let's go to the board. E, what's up? "It's very hot. 35 degrees centigrade." You're right. I see you're wearing your Bermuda shorts. And the second E is saying he's very cold: "It's minus 30 degrees centigrade." Ow, this isn't good. I feel for you. But don't you think there are better ways to say it's very hot or it's very cold? I think so, and in today's lesson I'm going to teach some of you... Not some of you. I'm going to teach all of you how to get rid of the word "very" to describe everything, and use other words which give more information, which will make you sound more like a native speaker and make your writing phenomenal. Oh, "phenomenal"? That's a word for "very good". Are you ready? Let's go to the board. So, today's lesson is on "very". "Very" is a very good word, that's why we use it, but when you're writing, to hear somebody say: "Very, very, very, very, very, very, very, very" is what we call monotonous, it means "mono" as one, "tonous", one tone, one sound - very boring. So let's change that from you being... You know, using "very" because I teach and I notice a lot of students saying things, like: "Teacher, today it's very cold outside." I'm like: -"Yeah, it is." -"And I'm very tired and very hungry." I'm like: "Okay, okay." It's like being punched in the face again and again, and I just want to say: "Stop with the 'very'. Use a different word." But it's not fair because "very" is a very good word-there, I did it again-we just need to find other words to make your language sound richer to improve it so you sound more like a native English speaker, and to make it more interesting for you because it will express more of who you are and your ideas in a better way. It makes you unique. You ready? Let's go to the board. You'll notice I put "very" in red because this is something we don't want to do, we don't want to keep saying: "very". We want to change that up. And I'm going to give you a list of words that people or students usually say when they say "very" that I've heard many, many times. And maybe you've done this. And today I'm going to give you singular words to use instead. I'll explain them, just in case they're difficult. Let's start with the first one. People say: "Very rude", instead of saying that, you can say: "vulgar". "Vulgar" means very rude, and if somebody says to me: "Your language is vulgar", I'll probably stop talking because it means it's not right, it's inappropriate, it's very bad. Vulgar. "I don't like your vulgar tone", your rude tone. It's strong. "Very short", another word we say is "brief", which means small. We had a very brief... We had a very brief conversation, a very short conversation. Cool? "Boring". When you say: "Class was very boring today", you can say: "dull". "Dull" means very boring. It also means... See? Here's a bonus when you use these words, stupid. If you say someone is dull, you can say they're very boring, or dull meaning they're stupid. Don't use it like that too often; people don't like being called stupid. And if you say: "He's rather dull, isn't he?" I have to listen for context to mean stupid or boring. Next one, everybody's favourite: "Very good". "Teacher, the food is very good. The lesson is very good. I like this, it's very good." Why don't we change that to the word "superb"? Look carefully at the word "superb", you have the word "super" written inside it. "Super" means what? Above average, excellent, or superb, very good. "The food was superb." People don't usually use this word, so if you tell me when I cook for you that it's superb, I'm telling you right now I will take that as such an amazing compliment. Gentlemen, if you tell a woman she looks superb, she'll be like: "Thank you. Really?" Because no one says it. All right? […]
"I seen it" and other stupid mistakes
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ I'm sure "you seen" it before, but that doesn't make it right. This lesson will help you understand and correct three very common grammar mistakes that even many native English speakers make every day. Test your understanding of this lesson with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/i-seen-it-and-other-stupid-mistakes/
Speaking English - Say, Tell, Hear, Listen - How to use them correctly
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ I hear a lot of students making mistakes with these four simple words: 'say', 'tell', 'hear', and 'listen'. In this lesson, I explain how to use them correctly.
Speaking English - Saying Hello and Goodbye, formally and informally
 
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In this English lesson, I go over some of the ways in which real native speakers of English say hello and goodbye. When people ask "How are you?", they don't really want to know how you are! They are just saying hello. There are many other ways to say hello and goodbye in different situations, and in this video, I'll teach them to you! Разговорный английский ­ Здороваемся и прощаемся, формально и неформально
Reading Comprehension in English
 
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Instructions on how to understand what you read in English. We call this Reading Comprehension.
English Grammar - Articles - How to use A, AN, THE
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ This English lesson teaches you how to use 'a', 'an', and 'the' correctly. Many English students make mistakes with these simple words (articles), so make sure you learn how to use them correctly.
Basic English vocabulary for restaurants
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Eating in a restaurant can be a fun thing to do with friends, but if you are just learning English all the new words can be confusing. Watch and learn what an "appetizer" is and how to change your "order", and before you know it you will be "fine dining" with the best of them. Take the quiz for this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/basic-english-vocabulary-restaurants/ TRANSCRIPT Party of two, your table is ready, party of two. Okay, and these are your drinks, sir. There you go. Enjoy your meal. Bon appétit! Hi. James, from EngVid. When I'm not making videos, I need to make money, and this lesson, actually, is about restaurants. I used to be a waiter when I was younger, so I've been in many a restaurant, and I know it might be difficult for you when you -- I mean, you're coming to a new country. I'll slow it down for you because this is basic. You're coming to a new country, and you want to enjoy something. You want to have a meal out of your house. You know -- meal, dinner, or lunch or breakfast. And you go to the restaurant and then somebody walks up to you with, "party of", "table of", "And what would you like for appetizers?" "Would you like an app?" "Would you like this?" "Well, how about your main?" "What about this?" No! Please, don't. So let's slow it down. Let's make it basic, so when you enter a restaurant, you can right away know what they're talking about. Now, there're other things -- you know, we don't have everything in here. There are two other videos on restaurants that you can go watch on EngVid, but this is basic. But even if you think, "Oh, I know all this stuff. I'm very good", you might learn a thing or two. Okay? So come watch. So let's start off first. The worm has a drink. One of the first things they're going to come up to you depending -- and see, I don't know if you know this. There's "fine dining", "casual dining", and "fast food". First thing you should know, so where are you going? "Fast food" is like McDonald's, Taco Bell -- [coughs] that's not food -- Taco Bell, Subway -- most of this won't apply, okay? But some of these words, like -- well, we'll get there -- will apply, and I'll let you know. "Casual dining" is like Chili's or Montana's. I mean these are restaurants in the United States and Canada, so don't worry, but it's all similar. It means you can wear something like I'm wearing: jeans -- there you go. I'm getting old. Can't lift that leg up -- or a T-shirt, and it's okay. No one's going to complain, okay? And you can sit down. Not like McDonald's. You can sit down with a knife and fork, and you can eat your dinner. Or -- then you have "fine dining". "Fine dining" is when the people wear what we call "penguin suits". They have a tie and a shirt, and they walk up, and they serve on tables. Okay? But you need a reservation, and it's mucho dinero mis amigos, mucho, mucho dinero. For the rest of you, it's lots of money. "Fine dining" -- "fine" means "expensive", and you usually require a reservation to get a table. So let's just go with casual, because casual is where most can go. Even if you're in a foreign country and there are people who serve tourists, they're going to go mostly to casual, not necessarily fine dining, so I'm sticking with casual, all right? So casual -- McDonald's we know you just walk in. And here's something -- and McDonald people you can thank me. Next time you go, don't watch them and say, "Give me Big Mac. Give me French fries. And that I want." Try to say, "may I" or "can I have". People who work in the service industry -- which is what the restaurant industry is, where they serve you -- they want a little politeness, so try "can I have" and "may I have". You'll be surprised at how much better they serve you or treat you. Now let's go to the board with the worm, who is providing drinks. One of the first things you come in and you come to a restaurant, they might say to you, "party of" or "table for". And you're going to say, "What?" Well, "party of" -- I know you're not like, "Fiesta time, baby! Yeah, we're going to party, going to be drinking" -- no. What they mean is you are a group of people, and how many are in the group. So "party of two" or "party of four" means there are two -- you can say, "There are two in my party" or four. "There are two of us", or "there are four of us", or ten, okay? Then it's a "partay". It's not a "party"; it's a "partay". Now, "table of" means the same thing, or "table for", "table for". And they mean, for -- I did a video where I talked about "for" means "receive". Go look at it. "For" means "to receive", so "table for four people", so "table for four", "table for five" -- this is four. How many people? That's easy. And that's when they're sitting in the front. That's the first thing they will ask you. Then they will bring you to your table. And they're going to give you something called a "menu".
Need to, have to, must - modals of necessity
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ An important grammar lesson on the proper use of need to, have to, and must in English. Learn how to use these modals of necessity like native English speakers. I'll teach you when, how, and why to use them in this lesson. Then take a quiz at http://www.engvid.com/modals-of-necessity/ .
3 ways to use adverbs
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Understanding HOW TO USE ADVERBS will make you a better speaker and writer in English. Adverbs make simple and boring sentences interesting and nuanced. This lesson will teach you what adverbs are, when they are used, and how to use them to communicate more intelligently. http://www.engvid.com/3-ways-to-use-adverbs/
English Grammar: Conditional & Imaginary - IF, WILL, WOULD, WERE
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ Do you know how to properly use the words IF, WILL, WOULD, and WERE in English? Most of my students just treat all of these words the same way, and don't use them properly... until they take my class. Now that class is made available to you. If you watch it, you will learn.
Vocabulary - REMEMBER, RECALL, REMIND
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ 'Remember', 'recall', and 'remind' are three words in English that are very similar, so a lot of students mix them up. But each one of these words has a specific meaning. Watch and study this vocabulary lesson so that you won't forget where each one of these words should be used. Take a quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-remember-recall-remind/
How to use NO & NOT in English
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this English grammar lesson, I give you some clear rules you can follow on when to use 'no', and when to use 'not'. After the class, take the free quiz at http://www.engvid.com/how-to-use-no-not-in-english/ Oh, one note: in the lesson, I suggest not using these words in the same sentence. To be clear, they should usually not be used together in the same *clause*.
Vocabulary: ONLY, JUST, BARELY, MERELY
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ This lesson is the ONLY lesson of its kind! I will do more than JUST teach you English vocabulary. You MERELY need five minutes and will BARELY have to do any work to understand how to use these new words. All you have to do is take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-only-just-barely-merely/ TRANSCRIPT: If only I were a -- oh, hi. Sorry, I was just looking at a picture. I'll put that away. If you've been to Toronto and you know Now magazine, and you know the back of Now magazine -- I'm a bad, bad putty cat. Anyway, this lesson is about "only" and "just". I'm going to give you two more words that we also use, but specifically "only" and "just". Why? Because in English, these two words are used interchangeably. "Interchange" means "to change things", like you take this one, you take that one: Change them in different places. All right. Between. Because they have similar meanings, it's interchangeable. It doesn't matter that much. This lesson is for -- in case you were bothered by that -- it's our special guy -- it's like the Oscars here -- Allan from the Philippines wrote to us on Facebook, and I wrote it on my Chapters receipt. Anyway, Allan wanted to know what is the difference, and when do you use them. So why don't we go to the board and take a look. Ah, Mr. E is here before me. I like making things rhyme. And Mr. E is saying, "James merely has to do 1 lesson and he barely got it on the board. If only I were the teacher". Now, if you read this, there seems to be a limitation or a limit to something. Right. "Merely" means, like, just a small amount. "Barely": also small. And "only": seemingly small. What's the difference? Let's go to the board. "Just": "I'm just a gigolo, everywhere I go". David Lee, I'm stealing your stuff. Don't sue me. Okay. When we say "just", we use usually -- in English, it means "exactly", "just". "Just five people". "Just to the city", exactly. I'm lying a little bit. We also have "just", and it can be used a little bit like "not that much". Right. "It's just two of us coming for dinner." Not many of us. Exactly two, and it's not a lot. So you have to listen to the context. Okay. When you hear "just", people are saying "exactly", and in some ways they're saying, "and it's not a lot of stuff". Okay. "It's just two dollars". Well how much is it exactly? Well it's two dollars. We don't need to say "just". We say it to say, "it's not that much, relax". It's a tooney. All right. Go to Tim Hortons. Get your tooney, which is two dollars. "It's just two dollars" -- not that much, and an exact amount. There's another use for "just", okay? And it doesn't follow what the other words we're going to do, but you should hear it or know what it means because it's used a lot for law: "just". It's short for "justice". If something is not fair or not right, not correct, we'll say it is "not just" -- older English. You'll hear it in law, but you won't really hear people say it on the street. "It is not just. I did not get milk with my cookies!" You know, but in a court case they'll go, "We need to be more just in our society", or in university. So you'll see here: "it's not a just decision" -- it's not fair! It's not right, it's not morally right. Morals, you know, like lying and stealing and cheating. "He should go back to court." You hear it in court, okay? I know you see "merely", but it will be merely a moment before we come back. We have to go here. First the big guys, then the little guys. I said we'd start with "just", now we're going to go to "only". Okay? "Only" has an adverb usage, and it means "limited to". "Only": "Limited to a certain extent". And our example here: "There are only 100 tigers alive." It's limited, right? Adjective use, adjective. "One of a kind". "Only one of a kind", right? "He is an only child". It describes the child. How -- what kind of child? He's an "only" child, like a "big child", a "small child", an "only child". Another use for it: a conjunction. Okay. It's common. You may not see it as such because we use "and" a lot, but we use it because we have this meaning of "limited to" -- I'm going really fast, so I'll slow down so that not only I can understand myself, okay? "Limited to" plus "one of a kind". In this case, it's not just "and", it's an exception, "except that". So we're saying the idea may be similar, but there is a difference. So it's really useful when you're using your English: a conjunction that gives you an exception. Nice, huh? And you thought it was "just" little English we were doing or "only" English. In this case, I would say, she's like my girlfriend, only better. You know, because, like, she's a girlfriend, and she's better, right? "Except that". So that's how we use "only" and "just", okay? Those are the big guns, you know. Those are the ones we use a lot.
Phrasal Verbs in English - 'Up'
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ In this English lesson, I explain what phrasal verbs are, and give some examples of phrasal verbs with the word 'up'.
Fix Your Bad English
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Read this: After watching this video you will make less mistakes, learn farther and be the best between all your friends in English. The lesson will have a great affect on you. If you think these statements are correct, PRESS PLAY NOW and learn to fix six common mistakes in English. http://www.engvid.com/6-ways-to-fix-your-bad-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. James, from EngVid. Today's video is on, well, "The Book of Bad English". There are mistakes that native speakers make that ESL people pick up -- and "ESL" is "English as a Second Language". People learning English, they pick up because native speakers don't even know they're making this mistake. So I want to teach you six common ones that come regularly or happen regularly in conversation. And I want you to learn them and make your English perfect. Let's go to the board. Now, let's start with No. 1, one of my favorite ones: "amount" and "number". "Amount" is, sort of, like, "how much". A "number" is, you know, "thing". When we look at "amount", you can think of you can't count it, all right? A lot of times, when we say "amount" -- like, "I have a large amount of water in my house" -- you can't count water. But you can count a number, so: "The number of people who come to the city is in the thousands", so you can count them. Here's an example. Tell me if this is right or wrong. "The amount of students who are late is growing every day" or "the number of students who are late is growing every day." You should say "number" because you can count students. You can't count amount. That rhymes. Maybe that'll help, right? You can't count amount. You can't count amount. So when we want to talk about a number of something or a body of something, "amount" is for things you cannot count, and "number" is for things you can count. English people make this mistake a lot. Next: "among" and "between". When I used to teach "among" and "between", I would say, "'Among' is 'with'. So there're five chairs, and you're 'with' another. And 'between' is you're in the middle." That's it. Because I was so smart. And then I found out it's just this: two. More than two. That's it. Nothing special. When you talk about "between", except -- and this is a major exception -- when you're talking about differences. Differences you have to use "between". But generally speaking, "among" is more than two. "I was sitting among my friends at the bar." You can know there're probably four or five, not two. But "let's keep this between you and me"? A lot of times, Canadians say, "Let's keep this among us." And it's like, "Among who?" "The rest of those guys, you know. The Americans. They don't need to know this." Okay. So "between us" -- usually two, right? It could be two groups. "There was a fight between this country and that country." Right? Because it's two groups. But "among" is for more than two, cool? All right. So "among" -- more than two; "between" -- two. What about "bring" and "take"? This is something that a lot of students make a mistake on. So you say, "Bring this to me" or "take this to him." It's very easy. "Bring" is "to the speaker", okay? And "take" is "away from the speaker". Now, if you're born in England, that's easy because they always talk about "I want takeaway." Takeaway. Because they take the food away from the restaurant, right? So one of my favorite sayings that we say in England -- not England -- that we say here is, like -- watch every space movie: "Take me to your leader." You'll never see a space movie, unless it's made by me -- and it would say, "Bring me to your leader." We don't do that. You say, "Take them to the leader" because you're taking them away from this spot where the speaker is to a new location or spot. So "take" and "bring" are easy because it's "bring -- come towards". Here's a mistake -- not Canadians -- English speakers make that you should be aware of. They'll say something like, "Don't forget to bring your bag with you" instead of, "Don't forget to take your bag." Do you know what the difference is? Well, you're leaving, right? So you need to take it away. Remember I said "away from"? Take the bag away from you. When you say, "Bring the bag with you", the speaker's speaking, you're still moving away from the speaker, right? So you've got to use this. But Canadians and Americans and Brits say it a lot. They'll say, "Bring it with you." No. "Take" it with you. You know the difference now because you're smart. And you're studying from The Book of Bad English. Good for you. There's a worm in that book. Watch it. Okay. "Fewer" or "less". I'm going to make a statement, and think which one is correct. "'Fewer' than a million people have watched the videos on EngVid. 'Less' than a million people have watched the videos on EngVid." Which one would be correct? Yeah. If you said "less than", no. "Less" is similar to "amount". You say "fewer" for things you can count.
English Grammar - "I used to" & "I'm used to"
 
10:18
This lesson outlines the difference between "used to" and "I'm used to". http://www.engvid.com/
Idioms in English - 'Hold'
 
10:23
http://www.engVid.com/ There are many idioms and expressions in English that make use of the word 'hold'. In this lesson, I explain several of them.
Learn English: 3 easy ways to get better at speaking English
 
12:28
There are easy ways to learn English, and here are 3 methods NOT taught in language schools or textbooks. These methods are fun, fast, and easy to learn! You will learn how to make studying English easier, and learn how to spend less time studying. Take this lesson and learn the secrets to getting better in English right now. "The Prosperity Plan." It's empty. Why? Well, hi. James, from EngVid. I have a book, and it says "Prosperity Plan". I know you're here to learn English. This is a book full of secrets on how to make millions of dollars. Empty. That's because when people tell you there's a secret, there's not really a secret; there's a method behind something, and you may not know it, so to you it's a secret, but you know, just like that book, there are no secrets. The only one is hard work. Let's look at the three methods I have for you today in order to learn English, okay? Call them the "Secrets you need to know" because most people don't know them because the funny thing is, although they're not secret -- I said it again -- they're not methods that are usually taught in ESL books. The Kaizen Method, the Process Method, and the Writing Method are actually books I read on something completely different. But what I found was they were very, very handy for learning English. Personally, I'm trying to learn Spanish, and when I apply these different methods, I found my learning going faster and faster, and I actually enjoyed it. So I called them "secret" for you because I'm quite sure that your teachers haven't sat down and gone, "Today, we're going to learn the Kaizen Method of English. Then, we'll do the Process Method, and then we'll do the Writing Method." No. Because they're actually three different books, all right? So I'm just going to give you a part of each book, and if I come across to the end, I'll give you another lesson on it, all right? But these are three things I liked out of these books. All right. Let's start from the first one, the Process Method. I know -- and it's in red, and I start here why? Most of the times people are learning a language, they want to -- and this is what the Process Method is about. People start with "product", "product". What is a "product"? A "product" is something you can touch or hold. This marker is a product. But this isn't how the marker started. I'm sorry. Okay, the marker started a little differently. I mean, that's an alcohol base that I'm sniffing. When I go [inhales], there's liquid in here. This is plastic -- came from oil. So why I'm telling you all these things -- you're going, "Why are you telling me?" Well, things start in a certain way, but they end up like this. In fact, you can think of the Process Method versus product as being a tree and being a seed. And a seed, you know, little thing, you put it in the ground, and it grows into a tree. Well, when you have a seed, the seed has no idea that it's going to be a tree and a big tree -- how long it will take. But humans are funny. They want to start a language, and they think right away, "I'm going to learn English." And then, they sit down; they open the book; they open the book; "I'm going to learn English. I'm learning English. I'm learning English." And then they get upset one hour later. "I don't know any English. I don't speak English." Well, it's like being a human. You start as a baby, you grow to an adult. When we talk about the Process Method, what you want to do is don't think about you want to speak English. Yes, I know. That's why you're watching this video and why you're studying. Think more about what you're doing while you're studying English. And this is called the "process". Go into the step. Concentrate on what you're doing. You'll find a couple of things happen: Sometimes you'll say English is hard or it's boring. If you do this method, you'll actually stop finding it hard or boring, and you'll enjoy it because you'll be working on something specific, mastering that, and then you're going to start noticing that the final product -- English -- is coming to you. And it will come faster than you think. Why? Well, if you're thinking, "I don't understand this English", you're focusing, really, on you don't understand English or you don't know English. You're not focusing on what you're doing. If you take a breath [inhales] and go [exhales], "Okay. I'm just watching this video of this crazy guy who speaks very quickly in English, and just now, he told me to take a breath. Oh, okay. I understand." And you're ahead. That's the Process Method. Take time to actually go back -- when you're thinking about it's hard; it's difficult or boring -- and say to yourself, "What am I doing now?" And then look at that. Each time you do that, you get further in the process and you will end up with a product before you know it. Okay? Sounds simple, but try it. You can even do this on a date. That's another story.
English Grammar - PASSIVE
 
09:15
Learn how to use the passive voice in English. This is the lesson everyone's been asking for, so here it is! You can request more lessons at my website, http://www.engVid.com/
Could have, would have, should have - modals of lost opportunity
 
09:08
http://www.engvid.com You had your chance... but you lost it. Now you have the chance to learn how to talk about lost opportunity in English! Master the usage of the modals could, should, and would. Learn how native speakers use these three modals to talk about what they could have, would have, or should have done -- but didn't! Then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/could-would-should-modals/ .
Confusing Words: MISS or LOSE?
 
10:51
http://www.engvid.com/ Do you know the difference between 'miss' and 'lose'? These two words are very similar, but we use them differently in English. Do you say 'I lost the bus' or 'I missed the bus'? Did you 'lose your keys' or 'miss your keys'? Don't miss this English lesson! I'll teach you when to use these words, so you can avoid making mistakes with these confusing English words. Once you know the difference, take the quiz to make sure you understand the correct usage! http://www.engvid.com/confusing-words-miss-or-lose/ TRANSCRIPT Trilling and singing. This is for a Tthan Lann from Vietnam who said, "Please don't sing anymore." I just did. Sing, sing, sing. Hi, Tthan. Anyways. Sorry. I don't want to lose this opportunity with you guys. I was lucky; I didn't miss this movie by Chris Evans. Captain America. Great film. Great film. Yeah. I want to do a lesson with you today about "miss" and "loss". You noticed I used two examples when I said, "I don't want to lose time with you", and "I don't want to miss -- or I didn't miss movie." Why? Because many students make a common mistake of using "miss" and "loss". They might say something like, "I lose my bus today. That is why I'm late." I can't understand why they would say that because in English, "miss" and "loss" mean something similar. It means -- Hey, Mr. E. How are you -- you don't have something. Right? You don't have something. But they come at it from different angles. When I lose something, it means I have less. See? I have less of it, or there's a reduce. Okay? But when I miss something, I don't hit, or I don't connect. The target is here -- "target" is where you're aiming or what you want to hit -- but we move, or we miss, so we do not hit the target. We should go here, but we go here. "You miss." Okay? So there's not a hitting or a connection. So that's the basic lesson we're going to do today. Loss -- oh, sorry. "Lose" and "miss", what are the differences? How are they the same? So you can speak like a native speaker. Are you ready? Let's go to the board. All right. Now, I've talked about basically what they mean. "Miss" means to not hit something, right? Or not make a connection to something. Well, when you lose something, it means you can't find it, it's missing, or there's a reduction. But there's another difference as well. Let's talk about the grammar. We use them differently grammatically. And we're going to work on this now. "Lose." "Lose" is an irregular verb. What that means is it doesn't follow the standard order or the usual way we do things. Add an S -- right? "Lose, loses" -- to the present tense -- ING or ED. It's an irregular verb. So when we talk about the past -- okay? So "lose", the base form, lose is -- oops. Sorry. Before I lose my mind. I think I lost my mind here. "Lose" is as in, "He loses everything." "Lose" -- base form. "Losing" -- when you're in the middle of; present continuous. But the past form is "lost". We change it. It makes it irregular. Okay? Now, that's the verb form when we use it -- the action. But when we talk about noun, we change this word "lose" to "loss". Okay? Notice the E becomes an S. They're similar in that something you cannot find or do not have anymore. Here's an example of using "loss". "His death was a loss to the company." Notice we use an article to tell you this is a noun. Okay? And he is no longer here. Remember, I said there's a reduction or less of something? So that's what we have with "loss" when we use it as a noun. Now, we're going to go over to "miss", and we're going to look at the grammar for that. Mr. E is a little confused, but should be finished by now. Okay? Ready? "Miss" -- it's a regular verb. So "miss", "misses" -- right? So you've got "misses", m-i-s-s-e-s, like "Mississippi", double S here, right? "Missing" and "missed". No problem there. As a noun, unlike "lose", it keeps the same form. So it can be a bit confusing for people because they say "miss" and "miss", and they think, "Oh, noun or verb?" Well, actually, it's easy. We go here. "The new TV program will be a hit or miss." Once again, we've got an article to tell us, so you don't have to worry, really. You just look for the article with this. It's a noun. Or verb; miss watching or miss going, or miss the -- the usual verb endings, and you know it's a verb. Cool? All right. So we're going to take a second. And magically, I'm going to come back. What's going to happen is we're going to look at the combined differences between "miss" and "loss", and I'm going to clear up that confusion. Ready? Hey. Did you miss me? I'm back. All right. So the board is changed, and we have to continue our lesson. So we talked about not making a connection when we talked about missing. And then, with "loss", we talked about reduction. Right? So let's go to the board over here. We've got our "lost" over here -- okay? Oh, sorry. "Lose." And we've got over here -- what do we have? We have "miss". Okay?
"DOWN" Phrasal Verbs in English: close down, bring down, break down...
 
11:11
You've never learned phrasal verbs like this before! In this video, you'll learn the ideas behind phrasal verbs with the word "down" in them. You'll learn "close down", "bring down", "shout down", and many more. Most importantly, I always want you to learn the hidden meanings of words so that you can understand them when you hear them out of context, in a way you haven't seen them before. I'll go over examples for how these phrasal verbs are used in conversation and we'll practice using them together on the whiteboard. Then test your understanding with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/down-phrasal-verbs-in-english/
English Grammar - Present Perfect Simple & Continuous
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ This free ESL lesson introduces the present perfect tense and its uses.
How to understand native English speakers: "Whaddya...?"
 
10:19
Why is it so hard to understand native English speakers? Because we use relaxed speech. Most English speakers will combine words, leave out letters, and even change letters! But you can understand by learning how and why these changes happen. And when you understand, your pronunciation and comprehension will improve. In this lesson, I'll explain some of the most common pronunciation changes that English speakers make, so that you can understand what native speakers are saying. Once you learn these changes, practice listening for them with native speakers, or with your favorite English shows or movies. Find some usages of relaxed speech in a show or movie and tell me in the comments what you found. https://www.engvid.com/understand-native-english-speakers-relaxed-speech/ TRANSCRIPT Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. What am I going to make for dinner tonight? Hey. James from engVid. Whaddya want to learn today? Excuse me. "Whaddya mean?" Oh, sorry, he's saying: "What do you mean?" What do you want to learn? We're doing two quick pronunciation tricks. When I'm saying that it's a little bit different, when I say two different pronunciation tricks, I'm going to teach you what's called relaxed speech in English or when we make... We blur words together. Sometimes we blur words, we make words, two words into one, sometimes three words become one, so when you hear it you think you're hearing one word, when in reality what you're hearing is three words and sometimes we drop the sound. Today I'm going to give you two very common phrases, that if you learn to say it properly, you'll sound like a native speaker, which is really cool. Right? So let's go to the board and take a look. To start off with, Mr. E... Hey, say: "Hi", E. Okay? Mr. E is saying: "Whaddya mean?" Try it. If you look in your Google Translator or your phone, you'll notice this word doesn't exist, but it does for us English people, and in fact it's for two different things that are not related. I'll show you a trick so you know what it is you're saying; or when someone's speaking to you, what it is they mean. Let's go. First things first, this is real English, relaxed speech. I have two statements. The first statement is: "What are you doing?" Right? "What are you doing?" Pretty clear and understandable. And the second statement is: "What do you want?" They're not the same at all, you can see with your eyes. But when I say it, actually it's going to come out like this: "Wad-da-ya doing? Wad-da-ya doing?" or "Wad-da-ya want? Wad-da-ya want?" The sound... This is phonetic spelling, so I'm just trying to show you the: "Wad-da-ya", "Wad-da-ya", basically sounds like this: "Whaddya", okay? And it's when we've cut sounds, and there's reasons we do it and I'll explain here why. When we speak very fast, especially when there's a "t" or a "d" involved in English, we tend to either change the "t" to a "d"-okay?-or we actually just get rid of it. An example is "often". In English you'll sometimes hear people say: "Often", "I often do this", but more casual is to say: "I ofen", the "t" is just dropped. It's understood to be there. Okay? "Often", but it's just dropped. And a lot of times people have trouble saying the word: "Bottle", you saw my face, like: "I want a bottle of Coke", it's difficult to say, even for us, so we say: "I want a bodle", "bodle", and that double "t" actually becomes almost a "d" sound, so: "bodle". "I want a bottle of Coke or a bottle of beer." We tell you to say "t", but we don't even do it ourselves because we're lazy. And speaking about lazy, I want to talk about the second reason this funny thing occurs here where we have: "Whaddya" instead of the words that are supposed to be there. When we have lazy vowels... Lazy vowels we call the schwa, schwa. I'm exaggerating because I open my mouth too much. When you do the schwa, it's like an "uh", you barely move your mouth. In fact, later on I'm going to show you a test you can do to see the schwa for yourself. Okay? Here's two examples for you because we barely say them, like the word: "problem". It's not "probl-e-m", you don't say the "e" really, you just kind of, like, make it fall with the "m" so it becomes "um": "problum". Right? And when you say: "family", do you say: "fam-i-ly"? No. You say: "Famly". It's "fam-ly", it just blends right in there. Okay? So now we've taken a look at this and "whaddya", and I just want to explain something, how it happened. Remember we said the "t"? The "t" gets dropped here. Okay? We just take it out. And the "r" we don't even say. It goes from here-you see?-there goes the "t" becomes a "d" there. Right? "What are", "What are ya", and we just drop it right off. Here it's even more obvious you can see it because we take the "t", and make that an "a" over here. We do that a lot in English with "o", we change o's to "a". Okay, so here are we. We drop that, we put the "t" to a "d" here, once again that drops off, and we have: "whaddya".
The 2 essential skills you need for great conversations
 
20:30
Good conversation starts not with others but with YOU. You have the power to bring out the good in others with your energy and empathy. In this conversation skills video, we will talk about how to create interesting conversations using a combination of energy and empathy. I'll teach you some questions you can ask to make others get excited and interested in conversing with you. We will also talk about what to do when someone loses interest or talks down to you. Watch the lesson to improve your conversational skills and become the person everyone wants to talk with. Take the quiz to make sure you understood the lesson: https://www.engvid.com/2-essential-skills-for-great-conversations/ Watch these other videos I've done on conversation skills to take it to the next level: How to start a conversation: What to say after hello: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rTJcpSWtVKI&index=21&list=PL1MxVBsQo85pZXMyUuh-4tXB4Zv2oMDOS&t=0s How to use W5 questions for better conversations: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MrXn54mbRf0&index=29&t=0s&list=PL1MxVBsQo85pZXMyUuh-4tXB4Zv2oMDOS How to STEAL a conversation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jl3pdlys7zc&index=68&t=0s&list=PL1MxVBsQo85pZXMyUuh-4tXB4Zv2oMDOS TRANSCRIPT Doo-doo-doo, doo-doo, doo-doo-doo. Oh, hi. James from engVid. Today I wanted to talk to you about two tips on conversation. These tips I think can have you... Help you have an amazing conversation, make you really interesting... Actually, make people really interested in you so you can keep having conversation. After all, it's the practice that we need to get better, and if people don't want to talk to you, you can't improve. So quickly we'll go to the board and you'll see Mr. E has boxing gloves, and it says: "1, 2". In boxing, the "old one-two" is a jab and a straight punch. Why? It's very effective and it gets the job quickly done so you can take out your opponent. In this case, what I want to do is teach you two things that you can use in combination to make people you speak to enjoy the conversation with you, want to practice more, or talk to you more so you get more practice. Are you ready? Let's go to the board. So, how to knock them out with killer conversation tips, 1 and 2. For most people when they're practicing or when they want to improve conversation, they think: "I need to talk a lot because if I get to talk a lot I'll get better." That's 50% of the equation, because in any conversation there's the speaker and the listener, and both parts must be worked on, because if you have a healthy balance the person who is listening to you will want you to continue, but usually they want to speak as well. In a lot of conversations, something that will make a conversation go well is empathy, which "empathy" means: "I understand what you're saying. I also want to know how you feel." Another part of it is energy, people want to be excited. Nobody wants to talk to a person who talks like this on the whole subject, it wants... It makes them want to stop talking to you. That energy or lack of energy can be on your part or their part. In this lesson I want to address both things, empathy and energy, to teach you how to raise the energy in a conversation if it's low; and teach you empathy, how to feel or get them to feel in the conversation so they care, because if they care, they share. Are you ready? Let's go to the board. Let's talk about empathy. One of the biggest parts of a conversation is empathy. When a person cares about the conversation, they stay in it, they're excited about it, so it's one way to raise energy. A lot of times when we're talking we make the mistake of thinking: "Okay, well, I've got a lot to tell people", and we get excited, so we have a lot of energy, you're talking about: "I got a new car the other day. It's an amazing car. It's got, like, bucket seats. The seats warm up in the winter. Canada's cold. The steering wheel warms up. I got a really good price on it. I... I... I... I... I... I... I... I..." the magic "I". Now, it's good for me because I get to say: "I", see? Me and I, but for a listener it gets boring because they're like: "Ah, ah". They want to talk. So a way to change that around, you might say: "Well, I'll just use 'you'. I'll say: 'How about you? You, you, you'". That's okay, that's a good start, putting it on them. But if you want to show empathy to get them interested in the conversation, what you might want to say is one of two sentences I will show you now because when you say these sentences it makes the person know you care about them, not just about you. And in inviting them to speak about something gives them the opportunity to put their opinion in, so no matter how the conversation goes, they will remember that they were part of a conversation, not a lecture where you just spoke about you. And they will also probably remember the conversation in a more positive way, which means later on they'll want to talk to you. […]
Pronunciation Tricks - The Magic E
 
08:54
http://www.engvid.com/ Is it "fat" or is it "fate"? If you want to know the correct pronunciation, watch this lesson, and learn how "the magic E" in English can tell us how to pronounce other sounds in a word! It sounds complicated, but it's actually really easy once you learn the trick. Watch the lesson, then test your knowledge with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/pronunciation-tricks-the-magic-e/
A WHILE or AWHILE?
 
05:11
http://www.engvid.com/ "A while" or "awhile"? These words sound almost exactly the same, but one is a noun, and one is an adverb. In this lesson for advanced students, I'll teach you when to use each. Even native speakers get this wrong, so it might take a while, but if you watch the lesson and do the quiz, you will get it. http://www.engvid.com/a-while-or-awhile/
Learn basic English vocabulary for cleaning your house
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In today's English lesson, I will teach you how to clean in English! You will learn vocabulary and special verbs we use to talk about cleaning. You'll learn verbs like "wipe", "sweep", "wash", "scrub", "mop", and more. This lesson is for beginners, so don't be scared. Take the quiz on engVid.com and keep your house clean. http://www.engvid.com/basic-english-vocabulary-cleaning-your-house/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, guys. Welcome to EngVid. I just want to say to you that I have the power. Anybody who watched He-Man will remember this. And if not, oh, well. I've got a lesson for you today, and it's on cleaning. This, my friend, is a vacuum cleaner. Look at it. Elegant lines. [Spits] A little dirty, but we'll clean that up in a second or two when we start the video. This is on a basic lesson for cleaning. There's another video you should check out. It gives more phrases you can use with cleaning. Right? You will like that one, too. But anyway, let's get moving, right? There we are, over here. Mr. E. Oh, no. He has spilled something. "Spill" -- what is "spilling"? A "spill" is when you have, you know, a liquid, and you drop it on the floor, and it goes everywhere. Sometimes, you can spill things like rice, sugar, or salt because they're uncountable and they go everywhere like a liquid. "He has spilled his tea." The cleaner isn't happy. But I don't think he's using the right tool for this job. Do you? Do you know what this is called? Do you know what he should use? By the end of this lesson, you're going to know that and a few handy phrases to show you are a native English speaker, yeah? All right. So what's happening in the picture? My friend is cleaning up the spill. But I think he's using the wrong tool. Booyah! "Wipe." The first thing we want to talk about is "wipe". What is "to wipe"? Well, when you "wipe" something, you take a paper or a rag -- you know cloth. Or -- cloth, rag, paper. These are the things we use to wipe. It's a soft movement where you just kind of do this motion or this to clean something. Okay? Now, we wipe tables, and we wipe walls to clean them. Right? So when something's not serious, you can wipe it. It will go away easily. Right? Unlike my last girlfriend. Anyway. "Wash", "wash", what is "washing"? Well, you should wash your hands, right, to get them clean. But we also need to wash other things. One of the things we wash is after you eat your food, you have your knife and your fork, right, and a plate. You put them in water. All right? See our little water here? This is a sink. That's where you put them, by the way. Did you know they're called "sink"? This is called a "sink". You put your dishes in the sink, and you wash them. Okay? So we've got our sink. We also wash our clothes. You're clean, right? I'm sure you don't wear the same clothes all the time. You take them off. You put them in the machine. We call that a "washing machine". Okay? So "wash" -- you "wash" dishes; you "wash" your clothes. And that's what we've got here. Another word for "clothes" by the way, boys and girls, "laundry". A lot of times, we don't say, "I'm washing my clothes." In fact, we mostly say, "I'm doing my laundry", but we'll come back to that. Okay? So you've got "laundry" to wash. Now, "scrubbing" -- "scrub". "Scrub" -- I'm missing something here. Oops. Pardon me. You scrub, and it's hard. Remember I said when you use a cloth, you use it for soft? "Scrubbing" is when you want to go really, really hard on something because it's hard to clean. Now, what do we scrub? We scrub floors. Okay? You have dirt on the floor. You have to get down there and scrub it. You scrub your sink because remember, you've been washing things. You need to scrub to get the dirt out. It won't come out with a wipe. Okay? There's a lot of dirt there. Please, oh, please, tell me you scrub your toilet. Don't wipe your toilet, okay? You know what you use it for, so you need to scrub that thing clean. Okay? Or don't invite me to your house. Some of you have, but I noticed you only wipe your toilets. I'm not coming. Change that attitude -- change your behavior, I'll be there. Okay? And walls. Walls get dirty. People throw things; food goes on the wall. Especially if you have babies, it goes up on the wall. You need to scrub it because it goes into the paint. Okay?
Learn English: MAKE or DO?
 
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"Stop making mistakes" or "stop doing mistakes? "Do" and "make" are some of the most used verbs in English, but they are regularly confused by English learners. I'm going to teach you the logic of when to use "make" and when to use "do". Watch this lesson and you'll understand how to use these verbs correctly. You'll also learn collocations: words that often go with "make" and "do", like "do the dishes", "do your homework", "make dinner", "make a call", and many more. Learning to use these two simple words correctly will make you sound much more fluent to native English speakers, so don't miss out! https://www.engvid.com/make-or-do/ TRANSCRIPT "To be or not to be?" that is the qu-... No, it's not the question. You are here to learn a lesson. Hi. I'm James from engVid, and today's lesson is going to be on "do" or "make". Well, why am I doing this lesson? Many students make a mistake with these two verbs. Okay? And the problem is native speakers almost never make this mistake, and as soon as you make this mistake we will know that you are just learning English or low-level English. So this lesson will help you fully understand how to use it so that you can start speaking like a native speaker right away. Now, in order to do that we have to clearly know what the difference is between "do" and "make", and then give examples of how we use them. I'll also give you collocations. Collocations are words that go with "do" and "make" regularly so you know even if you're having a difficult time, when you say something like: "cake", you're going to say "do" or "make". Let's find out in five seconds, shall we? Let's go to the board where I'll break down what "do" is and give you examples; what "make" is, give you examples; then I'll give you those collocations and a short quiz. All right. E, what is it, "do" or "make"? When I makes me a cake, do I do me a cake or make me a cake? Well, let's find out. If an action is repetitive, something you do on a regular basis, we're going to use the verb "do". Now, I should note very quickly here I am not going to talk on the auxiliary, like: "Do you like that?" I'm not going to ask these questions. We have other videos, so please go to engVid, go check them out, and they'll clearly do... Do, [laughs]. Show you the uses of "do" as the auxiliary. Okay? This is specifically how you understand it. If something is done repetitively, we use "do", which is true for most simple present verbs. When we talk in the simple present it's about repeated actions. So, "do" is no different from that. Okay? Obligation. An obligation might be something like I do homework every night. It's a thing I must do. Okay? So we use it for obligation. Multiple actions. Now, listen to me carefully. "I do the dishes." I'll give you a visual representation or a visual picture of it in a second, but I want you to understand the concept. A lot of times in English we use what's called "shorthand". Instead of saying every verb that I'm going to do, what I do is I use... Or I even said it here, replacing verbs. We put the verb "do" in and it talks about several actions in one go. Here's an example for you: When I do the dishes, I wash them, I dry them, I put them away. Notice there are three verbs. I don't want to say when someone says, like E goes: "Did you do the dishes?" Go: "Yes, I wash the dishes, I dry the dishes, I put the dishes away." They'll go: -"You new to Canada, correct?" -"Yes, very correct." Okay, so I said: "I'll do the dishes" or "I do the dishes". So, even under obligation I said: "I do the dishes every night", that's my obligation. And it's these actions I'm talking about. Repetitive because I do it every night, I repeat it. Okay? Multiple actions, so I've just went through, and replacement of verbs. This is similar to multiple actions, but you can use the verb "to do" to replace one verb, like: "Hey, man. I got to do my hair tonight." That means "fix", that might be cut my hair, it might be wash my hair, but when I got to do my hair, I got to do my hair, and do my nails. That means cut and clean. It's not saying multiple verbs. It's just replacing one verb, but we can put "do" in there and it replaces that verb, and we understand what it means. Is there something you have to do? Okay, I've killed that. Right? So why don't we go to "make"? "Make". "Make" is create, when you create something. Creation comes from it didn't exist and now it does. You create. That's making. And when I say "create", there's a big difference between the two. Okay? Notice when we talked about "do" we talked about repetitive, obligation, multiple actions, dah-dah-dah-dah. It's a verb of action and so is "make", but the difference is this: When I talk about "do", you can't see it. Sorry, you can see it, but you can't touch it. You can see me washing, but you can't touch me washing the dishes. It doesn't make sense.
Polite English - Why do we use "would"?
 
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http://www.engvid.com Would you like to learn why it is polite to use "would" in English? In this lesson for advanced students, you will see how using the past tense of will in a question shows respect for the person you are speaking to. Test your understanding with the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/polite-english-would/
Assume or Presume?
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Many times students "presume" that their bad grammar in English is correct because they base it on false "assumptions". If you never want to be so "presumptuous", WATCH THIS VOCABULARY LESSON! Then TAKE THE QUIZ: http://www.engvid.com/assume-or-presume/
Learn English - Travel Vocabulary
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Learn important, basic words you will need when you travel. Knowing a little English vocabulary can help a lot when you are travelling. Whever you are going in the world, you can almost always find someone who speaks some English. I'll teach you how a "tourist attraction" is different from a "tourist trap". What about "sight seeing"? Do you know what an "itinerary" is? Do you have your travel documents? Get ready for your English to take flight! http://www.engvid.com/travel-vocabulary/ Hi. James, from EngVid. I was just about to plan my vacation. I'm going to take a long flight to Europe. I'm trying to remember luggage and baggage things, you know? It's kind of hard to do. But this is a lesson for you if you've been working a lot, you need some time off. Now, there's a video I would like you to go check out. That's on time off. It goes with this one. You might want to go away somewhere and not just stay home, right? So this video is for you. This is basic vocabulary on vacation. When you leave and maybe you go to an English speaking country and you want to practice your English, this stuff will be good for you to enjoy your time there, also to make it easy for you when you arrive. Are you ready? Let's go to the board. Mr. E, Mr. E! It's a mystery where he is. It's no mystery. And you thought I forgot. Mr. E has been on vacation with me, and he's enjoying this particular attraction. So let's go to the board. Now, if you're going to go on vacation, one of the first things you will have to do if you're leaving your country is you're going to need some travel documents. What are those? Documents. A "document" is a paper or something with information that tells you something is okay or outlines it for you. For example, your passport is a document given by the government with your picture on it that says you are a citizen of this country, and you are legal. You are a good person. Okay? Now, when you're leaving for a flight, or you want to go to another country, you're going to need travel documents first. Trust me; show up at the airport and go, "I leave now. I go to Canada." They will go, "And the car is that way. Go home, crazy man. Okay?" So we need travel documents. So what are "travel documents"? Well, "travel documents" would be your passport, government identification, usually needed at most places the travel. Inside of a country, not necessary for most places. But leaving the country, you have to have it. Okay? So if you're in the European Union, no problem. If you're in Canada and the United States, you don't need one. But as soon as you leave these countries, you need a passport. What's another thing you need? Well, you need what's called a "boarding pass". If you play soccer, you kick the ball; the other guy, he catches it; you "pass" right? The ball goes from one player to another. A "boarding pass" is what allows you to go from one country to another country. You show the person on the airplane this piece of paper with your passport, and they say, "You know what? You can come on the plane and fly, like the pass." Kick, catch, other country. Cool? All right. So these are your travel documents. You need those. Now, I should have started with you need to make a plan because you want to go visit some place. You want to go on vacation, right? And if you want to go on vacation, well, going to have to -- I said "vacation". A "vacation" is a holiday, another word for saying "time off from work". All right? So you want to go on vacation. Sometimes, we say, "We're going to vacation in Italy." Or "on my vacation, I want to visit Italy." Or "I'm taking a holiday in Italy." Okay? So all these words, when people say, "Well, what are you doing on your time off?" You might go, "I'm going on vacation." Then they know you're leaving. If you just say, "I'm taking time off from work", you could be home cleaning. But no. You're saying, "I'm going on vacation." They're going to go, "Where are you going to visit? Italy, perhaps? Sicily? Is it going to be a good holiday?" And you go, "Yes. I earned my time." "Earned" means to work for something. "I earned my time off. I'm going on vacation."
Instantly improve your English with 3 easy words!
 
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Improve how you sound in English by mastering when these three words are used! I've met thousands of English learners at all levels. Most of them, even the advanced students, make mistakes with the words "a", "the", and "to". These are some of the most common words we use, so in this lesson I'm going to teach you how we use these words. I don't want to look just at grammar; I want you to understand these words and why we use them. If you're an advanced English student, this will be a great review for you. If you're a beginner, try to understand this and save yourself years of English mistakes. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/instantly-improve-your-english-with-3-easy-words/ TRANSCRIPT Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. The things I do for love. There's not a thing... Hi. James from engVid. Today's lesson is about instantly improving. Now, I know... "Instant", what does that mean? People say it all the time. I want to show you a little trick that will make your English sound better instantly, and I will give you a technique that you can use after to help practice this. What I have found are students have a mistake or make a mistake when they drop these three words, and because of that I know you're not a native speaker. But today I'm going to address that, show you the three words... Okay? Explain why, and then I will give you a technique that you can use at home soon as you go back over this video or any video to practice it, and you will get instantly better. 10-20%. Okay? Want to know what I'm talking about? Let's go to the board and look at something you've learned, but today you're going to understand. You ready? So, Mr. E said: "Which three words can help you sound like a native speaker?" I'm going to help you a little bit by doing this, and then we're going to go to the board. The words I'm talking about, and you might not consider them words but they are words are: "a" or "an"... Okay, and I consider that one word because it's modified. Right? "The" and "to". Of course you're going to say: "Yeah, James, we know all these. We learned this at beginner, so how does that instantly help me improve my English?" The problem is this: When a person knows something they will talk, when they understand they will change their behaviour or they will use the information. Many students know about articles and the preposition "to", but they actually don't use them in sentences. Many times I've heard students go... Say: "I need to go work tonight." Soon as you say that I know you're not a native speaker. Or if they say: "I bought car yesterday" or "I bought food..." Not "some food". "I bought apple yesterday at the store." I'm like: "A-... You mean an apple, right?" They don't think to say it, because they know: "Teacher, you know what I'm saying." And I go: "Yeah, I know what you're saying, but the way you said it I know English is not your first language." So what I want to do is get you to come back to understanding, not just knowing why these words are important, the fact that, especially with the articles we're going to talk about, they are in most of the sentences. You can almost not get by a sentence without using them. So let's go to the board and take a look. First, what is an article? Well, you'll see an article is the letter "a" or "an". Quickly on that one, "an" is used when we have a vowel sound, sound... Not a... Not just a vowel. So when you say: "A apple", we know "a" and "a" make it difficult for us to actually get it out and for you to understand, so we add: "an" to put a consonant to make it easier for the listener. "I want an apple." Oh, okay, cool. How about "hour"? Teacher, that has an "h" in front of it. I'm like: "Enh?" But we say: "hour", we don't say: "h-our", because with "a" we have to say: "an hour", and that once again tells me one hour. You keep noticing I keep saying "one". I'll explain in a second. Now, this is what we call and indefinite article. I.e. it's not special. When I say to you: "I want a marker", a marker. All right? I'm talking about this. See this? They're all basically the same. I don't care what type of marker. "A" just means generally speaking marker. That's why it's indefinite; it's not special. When we look at the word "the", "the" is special. In this case, when I say to you: "I want the marker", which one do you think I'm talking about? Can you see the difference? Clearly. Even if you don't know, you would look and see four, and see this and go: "He's probably talking about this one." So with a definite article what's happening is someone is being very specific. Well, there are two things. They could say something is special or something is specific. Okay? And here we have definite article is "the". "Tell the man I like him." Okay? "Tell the man", in this case both of us have to know what you're talking about, because if there are 10 men you'll go: "Which man?"
Easy English Lesson: turn on, turn off, turn up, turn down
 
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In this English lesson for beginners, I will teach you the correct expressions to use to talk about your gadgets. We often use 'turn' phrasal verbs to talk about using gadgets or electronics. By the end of the lesson, you will know how to use the prepositions 'ON', 'OFF', 'UP', and 'DOWN' with the verb 'TURN'. This is an easy lesson, but many students make mistakes using these words. Don't be one of them! Watch my video, then take the quiz at: http://www.engvid.com/easy-english-lesson-turn-on-turn-off-turn-up-turn-down/ TRANSCRIPT Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. Hello. Hi. James from engVid. You might have noticed that my voice changed. I went from soft to loud. Now, many students I find have a problem when it comes to electronics. They don't know whether they should use, or if they should use "up", "down", "on", or "off". Today is a basic lesson on those things. So, let's go to the board and take a look. Now, when we talk about electronics, which could be something as simple as your cellphone-okay?-what happens is people want to use them, which is fine if you're doing it for yourself, but when you're talking to other people and you want them to do something for you. You notice that this cellphone is, would you say "down" or "off"? All right? That's the lesson we're going to do today. What do you say when you want to change the condition of this cellphone? We'll start right now. E, so are we going to turn up the volume or turn on the volume? Well, I notice "dunh-dunh-dunh-dunh-dunh-dunh-dunh-dunh-dunh" the music is already on. This is low volume and this is high volume, but how do we change them? Let's start with some basic definitions. First, "turn", that was a turn. It's to move around a centre. Here's a centre, I turn around a centre, or to reverse a position. Interesting. Both of these definitions we need to understand if we say: "turn up" or "turn on". The first one, to turn around a centre, we have to go back in time a little bit. You're from the Modern Age, so when you press your toys, you just press. But when I was a little boy a long time ago, when the Indians rode on the plains... I'm not that old, but I feel that way. What happened was we used to have televisions and radios, and we would turn, we would turn them if we wanted more volume. So if you look over here, where I said turn means to reverse a position, you have 360. So, I feel like we're doing an old science lesson. And boys and girls, we will now demonstrate the turning mechanism. Here we go. We will turn up the power, and turn down the power. Which means reverse. So we're going to look here, and you notice I have to turn. Okay? This is a very old machine. Some of you won't recognize this. It's a film projector. Yeah, we don't use these now. Anyway. But the point was: The technology, you had to actually do something with it, and that's where we get the ideas for "up", "down", "on", and "off". We're switching. We're either reversing the position or moving around a centre. Now, when you have a lot of movement or 360, which is basically a circle... All right? When you have a circle, this is why we talk about turning up and down, because as you turn it, you can increase the power or decrease the power, or make the sound higher or make the sound lower. In fact, in the old days, they used to do this for television, radios, and lights. You would turn up and you would increase it so it would get more. So here's the 360, or you would go more, more, more, more, more. Or you would turn it down and decrease it and you would get less, less, less, less. So the room could be darker if you're talking about light. If sounds all of a sudden the voice would get lower, lower and disappear. Okay. So that's why when we talk about volume on televisions or radios, we say: "Hey, could you turn up the volume?" And if you think about this machine, okay? Turn up the volume, turn down the volume.
"OUT" Phrasal Verbs - Business English
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Are you studying English to do better in business? I would like to point out that the following business English phrasal verbs will help tp bail you out in meetings, and can help you figure out how to make it to the top in your career. Watch this lesson now... before your colleagues figure out your secret weapon: EngVid (and Mr. E.)!!! Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/out-phrasal-verbs/ TRANSCRIPT "Going out with my baby. Going out to -- " Hi. James from www.engvid.com. Excuse me for a second. Don't mean to make you wait, but I've just got to put down Mr. E because he knows something you don't know about. And what he knows is it's story time. See? He's relaxing, in repose, relaxing. Why? We're going to do some business phrasal verbs, okay? And these business phrasal verbs -- I should explain quickly what a phrasal verb is. It's a two to three-word verb, okay? In which the particle modifies the verb. I prefer to teach particles because usually you know what the verb means. You just want to know how the particle changes it. Right? Cool. So in this case, it's for business because these phrases or phrasal verbs are often used in business. And I want to tell you a story. James is going to tell you a story today. Why a story? I'll tell you the story. I will explain the phrasal verbs, and then you can check after if you understood. One time, a long time ago -- say, year 2000 -- in a country called America -- and for some people who are complaining about me saying "America", "America" is what we call the United States of America because we live in Canada. British people also call it "America". Foreign people, you have a different way of calling our country, so it wouldn't be common for you to know this. So I can also say, in "the United States of America" they decided -- or actually, they figured out how to make more money and do less work, which they thought was brilliant. So they decided to contract out all of the work from their country to foreign countries. When they contracted out all of this work, some of the other American people that still lived there thought that they had really -- they had sold them out. They thought the companies were sellouts and had sold them out. The companies just wanted to sell out all of their products -- sell out of all of their products and wanted to do it as cheaply as possible. Now, because of that, what little workers remained had to work extra, extra hard, and they got burned out. It was really, really terrible, but the companies still wanted to make money -- wanted to roll out new products. Eventually, in the year 2008, all of these companies, including the banks, needed bailouts. And that's when, boys and girls, we paid for all of their decisions that they figured out. Now, some of you are going, "What the heck is this guy talking about?" So the first thing I want to do is go over what does "out" mean. Because, I mean, I know you know "contract" or "figure" or "sell", "burn", but maybe you don't know how they are modified by "out". And this is a business -- business phrasal verbs, so let's go to the board, okay? When we look at "out", you can see the arrow is moving. There's a room or something, a building, and the arrow is moving up this way. So the first one we look at is "outward movement". "Ward" means "direction". So it means "direction out", okay? The second means "not being inside". Duh! (In Canada, "duh" means "stupid". So you don't go "duh" because then I'll think you're stupid.) Anyway. Sorry. "You're stupid." -- correct way of doing it. So it means "not being outside". So if you move outside, then you're not inside. Kind of seems obvious, right? It also means "excluding" because anything that's not in the room is not part of the room. So it's "excluded", "not part of", yeah? "Completing": Well, when you close the door, the room is completed, and there's no access to it, "completing". And "doing thoroughly". Okay, you got me. I don't know why "doing thoroughly". It just means "completing". "Doing thoroughly" is similar to "completing". It means "going through the job completely, in all ways". So when you do something "thoroughly", you do it properly, or you do a complete job. They seem similar. Don't worry. I'll explain. First, let's talk about "contract out". What does that mean? Well, a "contract" -- you'll notice I have a contract up here. It's a document between two or more parties, saying they will work together, "con" meaning "with", and "tract" means to "pull together". Well, when we contracted -- sorry, companies contract work. What it means is to give a job to somebody outside of your company. So it means people in your company don't get the work; you give it to someone else, okay? So in some instances, some companies decided to make other countries make the product, and they would just sell the product. So jobs were lost because it was "contracted out" -- given to another company...
Reading skills that work - for tests and in class
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Do you run out of time when reading in class? Have trouble remembering or understanding what you read? Then put down that book and press play to learn how to improve your reading speed and comprehension today. http://www.engvid.com/reading-skills-that-work/
Writing Skills: When to use commas with FOR, AND, BUT, OR, YET, SO, NOR
 
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Do you know how to use commas? In this lesson, you'll learn simple rules for using commas with coordinating conjunctions. Coordinating conjunctions connect two ideas or clauses in a sentence. We'll look at the most common conjunctions: 'for', 'and', 'nor', 'but', 'or', 'yet', and 'so'. Knowing how to place commas in your sentences will help you to write better, and will make your writing easier to read. This grammar lesson is essential for anyone who wants to improve their English writing. It is especially important for university writing, or if you're taking IELTS or TOEFL. So join me in this fun lesson, and learn to love the comma! And take the quiz on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/writing-skills-commas-conjunctions/ TRANSCRIPT Fanboy and Comma girl, a love story. By Mr. E. Hi. I'm James from engVid. And you're probably wondering: What the hell am I talking about? Fanboy and Comma... Comma Girl, okay? She's a superhero, and our boy loves her. In case you don't know what a fanboy is because you may not follow comics or movies as religiously as these guys do, I've got a definition for you. So let's just read: What is a "fanboy"? A person who is loyal to a game, person, or company, regardless if it sucks or not. That's not quite true, but what they are talking about is that fanboys love their products. If they love Apple, it is the best the universe has ever produced. And if Apple does something wrong, help them, somebody help them because they will be angry. But generally put, they just love their products so much, they let everybody know about them. Anybody with ears that will listen or who cannot escape from them. All right? So how does this have anything to do with English and grammar? Well, this is a grammar lesson, and I find sometimes grammar can be incredibly boring, so let's make it a little bit fun. So we created a love story by Mr. E. Now, let's start off with comma. Because what is this lesson about? It's how, well, conjunctions, which I'm going to get to, work with commas and sentences. Some of you might have problems with them, I mean, some of you might even go: "Conjunctions, what are they?" So I'm going to talk about the most common conjunctions, and I'm going to talk about comma usage. Okay? We're going to do a quick lesson, here, and I'll make it fun. You ready? So the first thing we should talk about is a comma. What is a comma? It's a punctuation mark. When you have sentences, there's a time to take a breath or to complete it. Okay? Now, periods, you may know, end sentences or ends thoughts. A comma sometimes gives us a breath or it gives us a pause between parts of a sentence, or gives you time to catch your breath, or get part of an idea. Okay? We also use it for lists. There's Frank, okay? Frank, Billy, John, Susie, you know, lists. Lists of things. Knives, forks, scissors, dah, dah, dah, and you'll have comma, comma, comma, separating them, keeping them individual. And finally, we can also... Well, there's more uses, but these are general. We can use them for numbers, large numbers. You know this, we can say 1,000, there'll be a comma to indicate 1,000, and two commas to indicate 1,000,000. So largers... Numbers larger than 1,000, you'll have commas somewhere. All right? That's basically what the comma is used for. Three different uses. So, what are fanboys? Well, I told you they're excited about everything, right? Well, there's a little bit more than that. They're conjunctions. If we look here, I wrote "conjunction", and I put exactly what a conjunction is. It means to join something together. In this case, when we have usually conjunctions, we join two ideas together. If we use a conjunction with a comma, normally you're going to have clauses, and the clauses will be balanced or equal. Okay? Later on we'll go into all of that, but that's what's going to happen when we have usually a comma and a conjunction. You know, there are clauses being used and they're balanced. But: "What are the conjunctions?" you might ask. Well, let's start off with... These are the basic ones. There are more, but these are the most common ones, and we use this acronym which is a word made up from the first letter of each word so you have something that's easy to remember, and I chose FANBOYS. And in a second, I'll reveal why. "For", it gives you a reason. Why did they do this? Okay? "And" ideas that go together.
Conversation Skills - How to STEAL a conversation
 
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Want to join a conversation, but have a hard time getting your turn to speak? In this video, I'll show you two easy ways to join a conversation. I'll show you one dramatic way to steal a conversation, and another way which is more polite. You'll need to use different methods in different situations, so I'll tell you when each method is preferred. Conversations should be about the exchange of ideas, but sometimes it's hard to contribute your opinion. Check this lesson out so you're not stuck holding your tongue when you can add to a conversation! Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/conversation-skills-how-to-steal-a-conversation/ TRANSCRIPT That's a really good point. And did you consider -- hey, listen. Hi. James, from EngVid. A lot of times, students want to learn conversational skills so they can start a conversation. But when they do start these conversations, they tend to find that they're not included. Today's lesson is how to include yourself. So it's a conversational skill about how to take a conversation or -- yeah. Take your part in a conversation. Are you ready? It's going to be fun. I'm going to teach you two techniques that have two different uses, all right? So you can see here, E is saying, "Wow, Bob. That's a good point, but --". And the second point he says is just, "Listen!" All right? Let's go to the board. The "listen" one is called a "single-word imperative". All right? Why do we use it? Well, you're in a conversation with somebody, and they're saying things you don't necessarily like, and they're talking, and they're talking fast and loud and being, you know, very demonstrative and showing their hands and talking. And you want to get in there, but you don't know how you can break into the conversation to say something or comment because maybe you don't like what they're saying. You do something like this: [snaps fingers] "Stop." What did I do? I just said, "Stop." One-word imperative. An "imperative" is an order. And the funny thing about the human brain is we've been trained since we were children to listen. Remember when you were running, and your parents would go, "Stop!" Or they would go, "Listen!" Or they would say, "No!" They didn't say sentences; they said one word. So we've been trained for this. But it's very blunt, and we use for children or even dogs. Okay? I'm not saying people are dogs. They're children. But it's very effective because we're conditioned for one-word imperatives. As you get older, we learn to be more polite. So you say, "Listen to me, please. Can you stop saying that, please?" We add politeness. But in a situation where you need to stop someone immediately, the one-word imperative works because it gets right to the point; it gets directly to the person. And what it does is -- look. It draws attention to the intended action. "I don't want you to stop talking. I want the conversation to go, but I want you to stop." Got it? So when I say "stop", you will stop speaking because you're going to be, in your brain, "Stop what? What am I doing?" And that gives an opening for me to come into the conversation. Or, "No." People are like, "No? No what?" Because you don't explain, it raises their curiosity, and they're like, "Why did you want them to stop? Why did you say 'listen'? Why did you say 'no'?" That stop in the conversation allows you to step into the conversation and say what you need to say, okay? See? Stops conversation. Words you can use as examples are "no", "stop", and "listen". And don't explain it. Because when you do say, "Listen to me, please. Listen to me", it's almost like you're saying, "You're not listening. It's not fair" and you're being a baby. Now, I'm telling you; this is kind of rude. So don't think I'm telling you this is a good way to start friends. That's why I said when you're in a situation where the person saying something you may not agree, like, "All women should not work", you might say, "Excuse me?" Don't say "excuse me"; just say, "Stop." They'll go, "What?" And then you go "boom". You say your part right there. Right? You can say it for almost anything. It's immediate, and it stops action. But it might be considered rude.
How to Write an Effective Essay: The Introduction
 
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http://www.engvid.com Learn the method for writing the perfect essay introduction. A good introduction makes writing an essay easy and reading it fun. AND YOU'LL GET A BETTER GRADE, TOO! Afterwards, test yourself with the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/effective-essay-introduction/#quiz.
How to MASTER your vocabulary
 
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http://www.engvid.com I am going to show you how to master your vocabulary using four simple steps. This is an important class for anyone learning a language. Learn how to never forget words again. And remember to take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/how-to-master-your-vocabulary/ !
Master Modals with the SEAM method part 2 - Questions
 
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http://www.engvid.com Learn how to master the meaning and usage of modals. This grammar lesson will teach you how to ask for help and get permission, using the modals "may", "could", "can", and "would". Test your knowledge with the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/master-modals-seam-2/
How to use Mind Maps to understand and remember what you read!
 
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Do you have a hard time remembering what you read? Do you need to read things many times before you understand? Reading books can be discouraging because of the large amount of information on each page. To help you make sense of all that information, I will show you how to create a mind map. A mind map is a graphic that shows categories containing quick reference points from your book. By taking short notes and organizing them in a specific way, you will have all the information you need to quickly and easily remember the important points of a book. Just the process of thinking about and creating this mind map will help your brain to understand and remember the material. Try it! It really works and it is free. Mind maps are especially useful when it's time to write an assignment or study for an exam! Watch the video to learn how to create your own mind map. Watch my first mind map lesson: https://www.engvid.com/mind-maps-how-to-learn-vocabulary/ Take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-use-mind-maps-to-understand-and-remember-what-you-read/ TRANSCRIPT How to submit. We want to hear from all artists and makers who have a passion for creating. That's cool. Hi. James from engVid. You notice? I was reading. It's not a special skill. Most of us learn it, but the problem is when you go to another language it's difficult sometimes to understand what's on the paper and be able to use that. So today's lesson is about mind maps. Mind maps? Yeah. Wait a second, mind maps and reading. I did a general lesson earlier on. Somewhere in the link you can look down and you can find it, go back, you can watch it. But in that lesson I didn't give any specific examples on mind maps. I'm doing this particular lesson to address that. So, if you're here going: "Yeah, I want to learn about mind maps and reading", this is your lesson. Hold on two seconds. We're going to discuss what the benefits are, what the benefits of reading are, then I'm going to give you a very detailed mind map explaining what parts you should do for what, and that'll help you with reading. Are you ready? Let's go to the board. All right, E, what's up? "It's all Greek to me." Omega, it's not the best symbol, you probably can't see it, but Greek. In English we say when something's Greek to me, it means we don't understand it. A lot of times you'll get a big contract when, you know, you have your cellphone and there's a bill and it's: "Blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah", and you're like: "I don't understand it. It's all Greek." I know you understand all of the words, it's just they're put together in such a way it's difficult, and that doesn't matter if you're reading your own language or another language. But there are a lot of benefits when you're learning another language that reading gives you. And a lot of people want to talk and listen, but reading has some power. And let's address that now. Okay? So mind maps are reading comprehension. Don't worry if you haven't seen the mind map, it's coming up in a second or two. But the first thing I want to talk to you about is reading helps you understand the way that the language is put together. Most of you will come and... You come to engVid to learn vocabulary and grammar, but that doesn't help you with syntax, that doesn't help you with putting the words together in a logical way. Reading does that because... Well, let's face facts, when you're reading someone is actually speaking to you but they're not in front of you. So the problem is if they're not very clear and they don't use the language well, you won't really understand them. Right? So reading teaches you how to... The language is put together, where the verbs go, and when's a better place to use the verb or a noun, and how you can show expressions. Okay? Reading also teaches you how to speak by showing you the way that the language is used by the native speakers. Huh? Well, if it's a fiction book they actually say: "-'Johnny, are you coming?' -'Yes.' Dah, dah, dah, dah", and they show you how we use the language. So not only do you understand how to put the language together by looking at it and going: "Ah, comma here, period here", but then they say: "Hey, this is how we speak." So if you follow this you can actually use that kind of method or sys-... Not system. You can follow those words and actually speak like we do. All right?