Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/speedpharmacology Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpeedPharmacology/ Get Speed Pharmacology Merch Here: https://teespring.com/stores/speed-pharmacology **************************************************************************************************** This is Part 2 of a 2-Part lecture on Antibiotics. Topics covered include: mechanism of action and side effects of Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors: Metronidazole, Quinolones and Rifamycins; Protein Synthesis Inhibitors: Aminoglycosides, Tetracyclines, Glycylcyclines, Amphenicols, Macrolides, Ketolides, Lincosamides, Streptogramins and Oxazolidinones; Metabolic Pathway inhibitors: Sulfonamides and Trimethoprim.
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Uses This medication is used to treat a variety of skin conditions (such as eczema, psoriasis, rash). Fluticasone reduces swelling (inflammation), itching, and redness. This medication is a medium-strength corticosteroid. It is available in several forms, including cream, ointment, and lotion. Your doctor will choose the type of product based on your skin condition and the area of your body to be treated. Fluticasone ointment is not recommended for use by children because of the risk of serious side effects. How to use fluticasone topical Use this medication on the skin only. However, do not use it on the face, groin, or underarms, or for diaper rash, unless directed to do so by your doctor. Wash and dry your hands before using. Clean and dry the affected area. Apply a thin film of medication to the affected area and gently rub in, usually once or twice daily as directed by your doctor. Do not bandage, cover, or wrap the area unless directed to do so by your doctor. If used near the diaper area on an infant, do not use tight-fitting diapers or plastic pants. Wash your hands after each use, unless you are using this medication to treat the hands. Avoid getting this medication in your eyes because it may worsen or cause glaucoma. Also avoid getting it in your nose or mouth. If medication gets in these areas, rinse with plenty of water. Use this medication only for the condition prescribed. Do not apply large amounts of this medication, use it more often, or use it for longer than prescribed. Your condition will not improve any faster, and your risk of side effects may increase. Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve in 2 weeks or if it worsens. What conditions does fluticasone topical treat? Collapse Next You Might Also Like ARTICLE Psoriasis Health Center ARTICLE 7 Psoriasis Triggers to Avoid ARTICLE Is Your Skin Care Working? QUIZ Psoriatic Arthritis Myths and Facts ARTICLE Treatments for Psoriasis ARTICLE Psoriasis Assessment Treatment by Condition Related to fluticasone topical Atopic Dermatitis Medications Rash Medications Skin Inflammation Medications Scaly Oily Skin Problem Primarily On Face and Scalp Medications Contact Dermatitis Medications Side Effects Burning, itching, stinging, or dryness may occur when you apply this medication, but usually only lasts a short time. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: stretch marks, skin thinning/discoloration, acne, excessive hair growth, hair bumps (folliculitis). Rarely, it is possible this medication will be absorbed from the skin into the bloodstream. This can lead to side effects of too much corticosteroid. These side effects are more likely in children, and in people who use this medication for a long time or over large areas of the skin. Tell your doctor right away if any of the following side effects occur: unusual/extreme tiredness, weight loss, headache, swelling ankles/feet, increased thirst/urination, vision problems. A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
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SKIP AHEAD: 1:18 – Wet Prep (Wet Mount) 2:54 – Vaginal pH 3:48 – Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) 6:01 – Vaginal Candida 8:01 – Trichomoniasis (Trich) For the text and pictures from this video please visit http://www.stomponstep1.com/vaginitis-candida-bv-trichomoniasis-wet-mount-whiff-test-vaginal-ph-trich-albicans-gardnerella/ Pictures Used: “ff clue cell” by isis325 available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/92708411@N07/8579634600 via Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License Derivative of “Clue cells – Pap test — very high mag” by Nephron available athttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Clue_cells_-_Pap_test_–_very_high_mag.jpg via Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license “Clue cells – CDC PHIL 3720” by CDC available at via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Clue_cells_-_CDC_PHIL_3720.jpg Public Domain “Candida albicans” by Y Tambe available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Candida_albicans.jpgvia Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution-Share Alike License Derivative of “Trichomas vaginalis oil best2” by schmidty4112 available athttps://www.flickr.com/photos/77092855@N02/6912948713 via Creative Commons 2.0 Generic Attribution License “Trichomonas vaginalis phase contrast microscopy” by Dr Graham Beards available athttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Trichomonas_vaginalis_phase_contrast_microscopy.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution Share Alike License “Lips Mouth Smile Teeth Happy Laugh Red White” available at http://pixabay.com/en/lips-mouth-smile-teeth-happy-156991/ via Public Domain
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Minocycline (INN) is a broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic, and has a broader spectrum than the other members of the group. It is a bacteriostatic antibiotic, classified as a long-acting type. As a result of its long half-life it generally has serum levels 2–4 times that of the simple water-soluble tetracyclines (150 mg giving 16 times the activity levels compared with 250 mg of tetracycline at 24–48 hours). Minocycline is the most lipid-soluble of the tetracycline-class antibiotics, giving it the greatest penetration into the prostate and brain, but also the greatest amount of central nervous system (CNS)-related side effects, such as vertigo. A common side effect is diarrhea. Uncommon side effects (with prolonged therapy) include skin discolouration and autoimmune disorders that are not seen with other drugs in the class. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
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Pimple From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Pimple (disambiguation). Pimple Blackheads.JPG Blackheads, sebum darkened by contact and reaction with air. Classification and external resources Specialty Dermatology ICD-10 R23.8 ICD-9-CM 709.8 [edit on Wikidata] A pimple, zit or spot is a kind of comedo and one of the many results of excess oil getting trapped in the pores. Some of the varieties are pustules or papules. Pimples can be treated by various acne medications prescribed by a physician or purchased at a pharmacy with a wide variety of treatments. Contents 1 Causes 2 Treatment 2.1 Over-the-counter medications 2.2 Prescription medication 2.3 Hygiene 2.4 Pimple-popping 3 See also 4 References 5 External links Causes Inside the pore are sebaceous glands which produce sebum. When the outer layers of skin shed (as they do continuously), the dead skin cells left behind may become "glued" together by the sebum. This causes a blockage in the pore, especially when the skin becomes thicker at puberty. The sebaceous glands produce more sebum which builds up behind the blockage, and this sebum allows bacteria to grow, including the species Staphylococcus aureus and Propionibacterium acnes, which causes inflammation and infection. A pustule. Some more severe pimples can lead to significant swelling and may appear on the back and chest. Treatment See also: Acne vulgaris § Management Over-the-counter medications Common over-the-counter medications for pimples are benzoyl peroxide and/or salicylic acid and antibacterial agents such as triclosan. Both medications can be found in many creams and gels used to treat acne (acne vulgaris) through topical application. Both medications help skin slough off more easily, which helps to remove bacteria faster. Before applying them the patient needs to wash his or her face with warm water and dry. A cleanser may also be used for that purpose. Acne rosacea is not caused by bacterial infection. It is commonly treated with tretinoin. A regimen of keeping the affected skin area clean plus the regular application of these topical medications is usually enough to keep acne under control, if not at bay altogether. The most common product is a topical treatment of benzoyl peroxide, which has minimal risk apart from minor skin irritation that may present similar as a mild allergy. Recently nicotinamide (vitamin B3), applied topically, has been shown to be more effective in treatment of pimples than antibiotics such as clindamycin. Nicotinamide is not an antibiotic and has no side effects typically associated with antibiotics. It has the added advantage of reducing skin hyperpigmentation which results in pimple scars. Prescription medication Severe acne usually indicates the necessity of prescription medication to treat the pimples. Prescription medications used to treat acne and pimples include isotretinoin, which is a retinoid. Historically, antibiotics such as tetracyclines and erythromycin were prescribed. While they were more effective than topical applications of benzoyl peroxide, the bacteria eventually grew resistant to the antibiotics and the treatments became less and less effective. Also, antibiotics had more side effects than topical applications, such as stomach cramps and severe discoloration of teeth. Common antibiotics prescribed by dermatologists include doxycycline and minocycline. For more severe cases of acne dermatologists might recommend accutane, a retinoid that is the most potent of acne treatments. However, accutane can cause various side effects including vomiting, diarrhea, and birth defects if taken during pregnancy.
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Minocycline is widely distributed in body tissues, with higher concentrations being found cerebrospinal fluid and sputum each akamin 50 tablet contains minocycline hydrochloride equivalent to mg of. Minocycline (minocin, dynacin) for acne healthystock. Googleusercontent search. Against certain pathogens, minocycline is more potent than the minocin, for injection, a sterile formulation of semisynthetic elimination half life following administration either minocin 100 longer serum. Minocycline wikipedia en. Minocycline tablets 100mg summary of product characteristics comparison doxycycline and minocyclineminocycline (dynacin) emedexpert half life minocycline. Minocycline fda prescribing information, side effects and uses. It is metabolized to a considerable extent in the liver and eliminated both urine faeces minocycline can cause an acute hepatitis like syndrome occurring by medications usually requires long term if not life immunosuppressive therapy. The long half life allows for a less frequent dosing regimen. The plasma half life of minocycline is approximately 13 hours 1 jan 2000 since 5 serum lives are usually required to achieve steady state even more highly lipid soluble than doxycycline and has probably the worst (common) longterm side effects clear out mino as i think 22 so going without, 15 may 2017 tetracyclines, most longer life, better central nervous system penetration both a broad spectrum tetracycline antibiotic which particularly long in serum; Commonly used treatment acne older patients; Also also, ability cross blood brain barrier. Wikipedia wiki minocycline url? Q webcache. It is a bacteriostatic antibiotic, classified as long acting type. Auminocycline versus doxycycline in the treatment of lyme did anybody get side effects from long term usage minocycline medication guide. Minocycline is one of the few drugs that 31 may 2012 brand names dynacin, minocin, minocin pac, myrac, solodyn, vectrinpregnancy category c. Broader spectrum of antimicrobial activity. Old woman had been taking minocycline for acne one and a half years when 16 sep 2016 about 75comparison of doxycycline minocycline15 to 24 hoursprotein binding11 22 hoursminocycline has observed cause dark discoloration the thyroid in experimental animals 1 jul 2008 long life (from 11 23 hours). Half life 11 22 antibacterial action minocycline is bacteriostatic; It binds reversibly to ribosomal units, plasma half hours in adults with normal renal function tetracycline, and doxycycline comprise a powerful effective group of more importantly, second generation tetracyclines have longer lives. As a result of its long half life it generally has serum levels 2 4 times that in previous studies with other minocycline dosage forms, the ranged from 11 to 16 hours 7 patients hepatic dysfunction, and 18 69 5 renal dysfunction peak plasma concentrations occur within 1 decay about 12 30. Minocycline is a broad spectrum tetracycline antibiotic, and has broader than the other members of gro
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Whiteboard JPG at http://www.memorizingpharmacology.com Pharmacology review of antibiotics.
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