Health professionals use special terminology referred to as stages to concisely communicate the progression of cancer disease. Learn how cancer is classified based off the size of the tumor, the involvement of lymph nodes, and whether metastasis has occurred. Created by Amanda Grieco. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-respiratory-system-diseases/rn-lung-cancer/v/lung-cancer-treatment?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-respiratory-system-diseases/rn-lung-cancer/v/lung-cancer-metastasis?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 28842 khanacademymedicine
Dr. Mark Socinski, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, describes the primary treatment options for stage IIIA NSCLC, including chemoradiation and surgery, and discusses trial evidence for each approach. http://cancergrace.org/lung/2016/02/07/gcvl_lu_overall_management_stage_iiia_disease/
Dr. Roger Seheult of http://www.medcram.com with an easy to follow overview of lung cancer staging and lung cancer treatment. Includes an overview of staging and treatment for non small cell lung cancers (NSCLC): squamous cell lung cancer, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma. Staging and treatment for small cell lung cancer (SCLC, oat cell carcinoma) is also covered. Tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging system is discussed in detail. This is part 1 of lung cancer staging and treatment. Visit http://www.medcram.com for this entire course and over 100 free lectures. This is the home for ALL MedCram.com medical videos (many medical videos, medical lectures, and quizzes are not on YouTube). Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD Co-Founder of MedCram.com (https://www.medcram.com) Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine. MedCram: Medical education topics explained clearly including: Respiratory lectures such as Asthma and COPD. Renal lectures on Acute Renal Failure and Adrenal Gland. Internal medicine videos on Oxygen Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve and Medical Acid Base. A growing library on critical care topics such as Shock, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), and Mechanical Ventilation. Cardiology videos on Hypertension and heart failure. VQ Mismatch and Hyponatremia lectures have been popular among medical students. Our Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) videos have been particularly popular with RTs. NPs and PAs have given great feedback on Pneumonia Treatment and Liver Function Tests among many others. Many nursing students have found the Asthma and shock lectures very helpful. New free medical education videos are released first at MedCram.com Visit MedCram.com for the full library of MedCram medical videos: https://www.medcram.com Subscribe to the official MedCram.com YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=medcramvideos Recommended Audience - Health care professionals and medical students: including physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, respiratory therapists, EMT and paramedics, and many others. Review and test prep for USMLE, MCAT, PANCE, NCLEX, NAPLEX, NBDE, RN, RT, MD, DO, PA, NP school and board examinations. More from MedCram.com medical videos: MedCram Website: https://www.medcram.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MedCram Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/1/+Medcram Twitter: https://twitter.com/MedCramVideos Produced by Kyle Allred PA-C Please note: MedCram medical videos, medical lectures, medical illustrations, and medical animations are for medical educational and exam preparation purposes, and not intended to replace recommendations by your doctor or health care provider.
Views: 10980 MedCram - Medical Lectures Explained CLEARLY
The most common form of lung cancer is non-small cell lung cancer. It is staged according to the size of the tumour and whether it has spread to the lymph nodes or other organs of the body. There are 4 stages of lung cancer. In the occult stage, cancer cells are accumulated in the fluids in the lungs and there is no tumour yet. In stage 0, cancer cells are found in the airway passages. Stage 1A and 1B are invasive cancer as tumour grows in the inner lining of airways and then spread into the bronchus. In stage 2A, it spreads to the lymph nodes on the same side of the chest. Stage 2B has two categories in which the cancer has invaded the diaphragm, chest walls and membranes around the heart and the tumour has grown in the bronchus and lymph nodes. In stage 3A, it spreads to lymph nodes and other structures nearby. In 3B, tumour may be of any size and spread to more lymph nodes on the same side and to nearby structures too. In stage 4, tumour has spread in other parts of the body. This informative animated video explains in detail about the staging and progression of lung cancer. The staging of lung cancer refers to the extent of the disease. If one has the most common form of lung cancer or non-small cell lung cancer, it will be staged according to the size of the tumour and whether it has spread to lymph nodes or other nodes of the body. In occult or hidden stage, the cancer cells are found in the coughed up mucus or in other fluids, but no tumour can be seen in the lungs. Stage zero is not considered invasive because the cancer cells are found in the innermost lining of the air passages, but have not grown through it. Stage 1A is known as the invasive cancer, because the tumour has grown the inner lining of the airways into the deep lung tissue. Watch the video completely to know more on the staging of lung cancer. Manipal Hospitals is a certified pioneer in the Indian health-care industry for over 6 decades and has been delivering top-notch health-care services that are curative, preventive and rehabilitative. In an effort to increase awareness on heath concerns among the general public, world-class animation videos are presented in this channel. To know more visit our website : https://www.manipalhospitals.com/ Get Connected Here: ================== Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ManipalHospitalsIndia Google+: https://plus.google.com/111550660990613118698 Twitter: https://twitter.com/ManipalHealth Pinterest: https://in.pinterest.com/manipalhospital Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/manipal-hospital Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/manipalhospitals/ Foursquare: https://foursquare.com/manipalhealth Alexa: http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/manipalhospitals.com Blog: https://www.manipalhospitals.com/blog/
Views: 10477 Manipal Hospitals
This video provides an introduction to early vocal cord cancer (stages 1 and 2) and compares the two main treatment options, laser surgery and radiation therapy. Educational Website: http://laryngopedia.com/ Business Website: http://www.bastianvoice.com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/bastianvoicedoc/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/laryngopedia/, https://www.facebook.com/BastianVoiceInstitute/ Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/laryngopedia/ Vimeo: https://vimeo.com/laryngopedia/ Figure1: https://app.figure1.com/profile/
Views: 11289 Laryngopedia
He started chemo yesterday (cisplatin etoposide chemo) i am 46 and was just told in feb. Stage 3, cancer is located in the lungs and lymph nodes stage 3 lung can be any size. Lung cancer stages, survival rates, and more healthlinecancer research uk. Stage iiib non small cell lung cancer an overview of stage 3 symptoms and more verywell. 24 jan 2008 my father was recently diagnosed with stage 3 b lung cancer that is inoperable. That i had inoperable stage 3b non small cell lung cancer. Roughly one third 7 may 2013 patients with stage iiib non small cell lung cancer are not considered to be candidates for definitive surgical resection, and most 15 sep 2015 after someone is diagnosed 3 cancer, people always ask what life expectancy? . Lung cancer progress 2015 iaslc. For example, the lung cancer may have 22 mar 2004 overview. Stage 3b lung cancer is defined as a tumor of any size that has spread to distant lymph nodes or invaded other structures in the chest (such heart esophagus. The broad category of stage 3 lung cancer is divided into two 22 jun 2016 stages can help a doctor identify the best course treatment. Stage 3 non small cell lung cancer stage iiib symptoms, treatment, and outlook. Treatment for stage iiib non small cell lung cancer (nsclc 3 symptoms and outlook healthline. Googleusercontent search. When lung cancer reaches stage 3, it has spread from the lungs to other nearby tissue or distant lymph nodes. Lung disease research funded by the common good. A stage iiib non small cell lung cancer (nsclc) involves lymph nodes on the opposite side of chest or above collar bone, 23 dec 2015 characteristics 3 can vary widely, leaving patients and their doctors to wrestle with questions about how best treat in past, radiotherapy was considered standard therapy iiia but treatment inoperable iii nonsmall learn diagnosis 13 apr 2017 occult cancer; Stage 0 (carcinoma situ) ia tumor is only centimeters smaller by contrast, untreated localized disease show median survivals approximately 4 months. Wrestling match dealing with treatment decisions for stage 3 lung inoperable iii non small cell cancer current. Lung cancer non small cell stages stage iiib lung cancerconnect. Cancer conference discover the latest research. Non small cell lung cancer treatment (pdq) patient version prognosis healthcommunities. Cancer conference discover the latest research an overview of stage 3 lung cancer symptoms and more verywell what is life expectancy 2249419 url? Q webcache. They started me on tarceva and i go back for blood work x rays find out what stage 3 lung cancer means about treatment options 17 oct 2016 read more to learn the symptoms, treatments, outlook this of non small cell. Stage 3b non small cell lung cancer verywell. Extensive stage sclc patients who undergo. It might have spread to the lymph nodes and it also grown into other parts of lung or nearby structures in for many stage iiia cancers nearly all iiib cancers, tumor is difficult, sometimes impos
Views: 143 Wade Wade
Staging cancers is important to determine the prognosis of a patient and what treatment they might best benefit from. It is also vital to structuring research and developing guidelines for cancer treatment. The most widely used system is the TNM system. T stands for tumour, and gives an impression of how large, or how locally invasive the primary tumour is. N stands for node. This refers to the number of lymph nodes close to the tumour that are affected. M stands for Metastases. If a tumour has spread and begins to form secondary tumours in other parts of the body it is said to have metastasised. The number system (Stage I-IV) integrates information from the TNM system to come up with a simplified score. References http://cancerstaging.org/references-tools/Pages/What-is-Cancer-Staging.aspx
Views: 17927 Oncology for Medical Students
When does cervical cancer occur? Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix have uncontrolled growth. How is cervical cancer caused? The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Most cervical cancer is caused by a human papillomavirus, or HPV infection. How is it diagnosed/ treated? It is one of the most common cancers worldwide and treatment for cervical cancer is much more effective when found early. A routine pap-smear test usually detects cervical cancer at an early stage. Watch the video to learn about recognising and treating cervical cancer. Manipal Hospitals is one of the leading healthcare brands in India. We are invested in the health and well-being of our community and frequently post informational videos on our channel in order to create awareness. Subscribe to our channel at http://bit.ly/2bkdHn8. To know more visit our website : https://www.manipalhospitals.com/ Get Connected Here: ================== Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ManipalHospitalsIndia Google+: https://plus.google.com/111550660990613118698 Twitter: https://twitter.com/ManipalHealth Pinterest: https://in.pinterest.com/manipalhospital Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/manipal-hospital Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/manipalhospitals/ Foursquare: https://foursquare.com/manipalhealth Alexa: http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/manipalhospitals.com Blog: https://www.manipalhospitals.com/blog/
Views: 426300 Manipal Hospitals
Bronwyn Long, DNP, MBA, RN, an advanced practice palliative care and oncology nurse in the Lung Cancer Center shows the four stages of lung cancer and explains treatment options for each stage. For more information, visit: http://www.nationaljewish.org/healthinfo/conditions/lungcancer/stages. Learn more about Bronwyn Long: https://www.nationaljewish.org/doctors-departments/providers/physicians/bronwyn-long
Views: 199 National Jewish Health
http://usmlefasttrack.com/?p=5346 Tumor, Grade, vs., Tumor, Stage, -, TNM, Staging, Findings, symptoms, findings, causes, mnemonics, review, what is, video, study, Rapid Review, Clinical presenation, First Aid, for, USMLE, Step 1, images, wiki, define, wikipedia, 2013, videos, exam, prep, easy, What is usmle, mnemonic, causes,
Views: 16211 USMLEFastTrack
buy only from reputable distributors you are not saving.money, you are risking lives.. message me for more info whatsapp/viber/sms +639478966705 facebook acct: mayie (aimworld) balmeo
Views: 19012 mayie balmeo
This video is hopefully inspiring to those who have struggled with a terminal diagnoses of cancer or have families or friends that have been affected by this disease. The following questions are answered: 1) What is your current situation and diagnosis? 2) How do you take this kind of news? 3) What are some stories you would like to share? 4) Whats something that has recently happened to you on this journey? Also my youngest daughter describes her "spin" on what happened. The intent is to encourage viewers with my perceptions on life through the eyes of faith. My core scripture is now Romans 8:28. "And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, who are called according to His purpose." I believe that what is most important is NOT to sit around and ask, "why did this happen to me?" because I had none of the common risk factors, such as smoking, The bigger question is, "What can I do to make the best of the situation and live each day like it's the Superbowl?", because time is so precious. This is not a preachy type of interview that slams non-believers, but hopefully, shows how to deal with what lies ahead from a concerned father's perspective, Doctors agree on my prognosis there is only a single digit chance to live 5 years. Prior to this video, I had seen over six doctors that specialize in this field. Also, I encourage anyone who has a terminal cancer diagnoses to research their options carefully, and understand about recent breakthroughs such as DNA sequencing and CD47 with Stanford University (still a ways out at this point). I hope to obtain the best medical treatment in the world at MD Anderson in Houston, but understand that my hope does not lie solely in that outcome, but also in a God who can deliver us through the fire, or completely out of the fire, whatever He chooses to do. As an electrical engineer employed with the U.S. Air Force through the DOD, I've learned to analyze, research and investigate software requirements for the B-1 Bomber using operational flight programs through the system program office (SPO). I'm very grateful to the Air Force and Department of Defense for trusting me and hopefully find better days ahead in my career. Life Church in OKC has been my home for the last 3 years and I've found it to be a source of great teaching, strength and friendship. Yes, it pretty much rocks. Check it out at www.lifechurch.tv
Views: 6608 Dennis Fulcher
Learn more about lung cancer at http://www.YouAndLungCancer.com This animation explains how lung cancer staging is a system that doctors use to describe or classify the overall size and spread of the main tumor. Doctors need lung cancer staging information to help plan a patient’s treatment. Lung cancer is classified into several stages - the higher the stage the more advanced the spread of the disease and the more aggressive the treatment strategy. In Stage 0 the cancer is only in the top layers of the cells lining the lung’s air passages and this is the easiest stage to treat. In Stage IV the cancer has spread to the other lung, lymph nodes outside the lungs, and other parts of the body.
Views: 18098 You and Lung Cancer
Staging is a common language developed by medical professionals to communicate information about cancer to others. It describes the severity of an individual’s cancer based on the extent at the original tumor (the “site”), and how far the cancer has spread. Two staging systems are discussed in this presentation: SEER Summary Stage and AJCC TNM Stage. Cancer staging is important for several reasons. It helps medical professionals adequately assess the extent of cancer and determine the most appropriate treatment to cure the disease, decrease the tumor burden, or relieve symptoms. Staging is also used to estimate the prognosis for individual patients.
Views: 1126 NCRA News
Prostate cancer is usually staged using the TNM system, explains Dr. Tutrone. T stands for tumor size, N for lymph node involvement and M is for whether or not the disease is metastatic. Dr. Tutrone explains more about prostate cancer staging, such as the Gleason and PSA scores, in this video. Prostate Cancer Live is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at http://www.prostatecancerlive.com/ask/ This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Views: 70443 Prostate Cancer Live
Debbie's Dream Foundation: Curing Stomach Cancer 2015 Chicago Stomach Cancer Education Symposium Presented by: Barbara Jung, MD, University of Illinois at Chicago
Views: 16914 Debbie's Dream Foundation: Curing Stomach Cancer
What is lung cancer? Lung cancer, or lung carcinoma, is the uncontrolled division of epithelial cells which line the respiratory tract. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 64259 Osmosis
Click on http://stayhealthyvideos.com/kidneydisease to learn more about kidney health in general. Click on http://stayhealthyvideos.com/kidneydiet to get detailed information about a kidney healthy diet. Transcript: Kidney Cancer Stages Kidney cancer stage descriptions are a standard means of recognizing how far a case of kidney cancer has progressed. The doctor can use kidney cancer staging as a way of determining the best course of treatment for anyone who has cancer of the kidney. The stage basically reflects how much the cancer has spread. Is it present only in the kidney itself, or have some of the cells broken away and affected the lymph nodes or even other organs of the body? There are a variety of factors that medical professionals use to evaluate the kidney cancer stage. Once all these factors are evaluated, your doctor will assign a number from 1 through 4 to your case. Sometimes Roman numerals I, II, III, and IV will be used instead. This practice is more common with doctors than with the general public. Generally speaking, you can also calculate a patient's 5-year survival rate based on the kidney cancer stage once you know it. Every case is different, of course, but research through the years has shown that someone who has kidney cancer stage 1 is more likely to survive for a longer period of time than someone at stage 4. Here is a brief description of each kidney cancer stage. Stage 1 - The cancer area is less than 7 centimeters across, or approximately 2.8 inches. It is still localized, that is, completely inside the kidney. Stage 2 - The cancer has grown and exceeded 7 centimeters, or 2.8 inches. However, it is still located within the kidney and has not spread. Stage 3 - The cancer has become more dangerous because it has spread into the adrenal gland, or possibly a major vein in the area. At this stage it can also be found in no more than one lymph node. Stage 4 - Stage 4 is advanced kidney cancer and is at a very dangerous stage. Cancer cells have spread into more than one lymph node, or into some of the tissues that surround the kidney or even to a distant organ or part of the body. This process is known as metastasis. The stage 4 kidney cancer life expectancy for five years is quite low. The five-year survival rate is slightly less than one in ten. Another important way to describe the progression of kidney cancer is by assigning a grade to it. This grade is determined by the appearance of the cancer cells under the microscope. If the cells closely resemble normal kidney cells, a lower grade is assigned. The more abnormal they look, the higher the grade. This diagnosis is important because it will help your doctor evaluate how quickly the cancer is likely to spread. High grade cancers are more likely to spread quickly. In summary, kidney cancer stages give doctors a helpful tool they can use to decide on the best course of treatment for the disease. The main determinant for deciding which treatment is most likely to bring a positive outcome is whether the cancer has metastasized, meaning whether it spread away from the kidney or not.
Views: 42888 WS Westwood
McMaster Demystifying Medicine 4DM3 Students Mardin Ali, Rupali Patel, Cory Richman and John Sawires present here a video explaining the different types of lung cancer and how staging is typically performed. Copyright McMaster University 2014 Please let us know how you liked this video and suggest additional topics to be demystified below.
Views: 44804 Demystifying Medicine
Kirk Smith is the 2016 featured PPD Hero. Smith was diagnosed with stage IIIb lung cancer with an ALK+ mutation, which is one of the rarest genetic mutations for lung cancer nonsmokers and has a five-year survival rate of five percent. He credits clinical research for saving lives and for his being alive nearly three years after his lung cancer diagnosis. He will race the 2016 PPD® IRONMAN® 70.3® North Carolina triathlon presented by New Hanover Regional Medical Center.
Views: 825 PPD
Lung cancer staging stage iiib non small cell lung 3 symptoms, treatment, and outlookcancer research uk. Stage 3 lung cancer symptoms and outlook healthline. For stage iiib lung cancer, the survival rate is about 10 percent a non small cell cancer (nsclc) involves lymph nodes on opposite side of chest or above collar bone, extensive (involves organs such as heart trachea) and also in center (mediastinum) near where windpipe divides 20 mar 2017 3 cancers are further divided into 3a 3b depending extent size tumor. Non small cell lung cancer survival rates, by stage. Stage iii non small cell lung cancer. In this stage, tumors are more than 3 cm wide and have spread to the lymph nodes in center of chest or other structures outside lung. Lung cancer staging stage 3 non small cell lung. 16 apr 2018 the treatment options for non small cell lung cancer (nsclc) are stage iiib nsclc has spread to lymph nodes that are near the other lung 23 dec 2015 curt hammock, 67, found out he had stage 3b lung cancer on his birthday, jani just wanted some socks, but i got cancer instead in the past, radiotherapy was considered the standard therapy in iiia and iiib but treatment of inoperable stage iii nonsmall cell lung cancer (nsclc) is there anyone on this site who has been diagnosed with stage 3b lung cancer? It would be great to have someone to speak to. Googleusercontent search. I have been 17 oct 2016 when lung cancer reaches stage 3, it has spread from the lungs to other nearby tissue or far away lymph nodes. Stage 3 lung inoperable stage iii non small cell cancer current treatment 3b cancerconnection. 2015, had surgery in april to remove upper left lung then chemo and then radiation shortly after, as of the 18 oct 2013 Lung cancer staging stage iiib non small cell lung cancer stage 3 non small cell lung cancer stage iiib non small cell lung cancer stage 3 lung cancer symptoms, treatment, and outlookcancer research uk. An overview of stage 3 lung cancer symptoms verywell. Definition of stage iiib non small cell lung cancer nci dictionary 3b verywell. In stage iiib, cancer has spread to lymph nodes above the collarbone or in opposite side of chest as tumor. Ctca cancercenter lung cancer stages non small cell stage iii "imx0m" url? Q webcache. Learn about symptoms limited stage means that the cancer is only in 1 part of chest and radiation therapy could be a treatment option. Lung cancer small cell stages treatment for stage iiib non lung (nsclc durvalumab boosts pfs even in 3 medscapestages 3a and 3b free to breathe 4 youtube. Roughly one third find out what stage 3 lung cancer means and about treatments iii non small cell is divided into stages iiia iiib. Or in stage iiib, cancer has spread to lymph nodes on the same side of chest as tumor 17 feb 2018 3b non small cell lung is considered advanced along with 4, and though it not usually curable, treatable what 3 cancer, are symptoms, how treated? Learn about life expectancy changing 18 dec 2017 survival rates o
Views: 13 E Answers
Once the person is diagnosed with colon cancer based on the biopsy result, the next step would be to stage the disease.That is to see how much it has spread whether the disease is limited to the colon, or whether it has spread in and around the colon or whether it has spread far off, to the liver and lungs. Various tests like CT scan helps to determine stage of colon cancer.When the colon cancer is in early stage that is, its limited in the colon and around the colon, it would fall under stage 1 or 2.When it has spread far away like to the liver or lungs, it would fall under stage 4.Totally there would be four stages, stage 1,2,3 and 4. Treatment is determined by the stage of the disease.In stage 1-3,the predominant modality of treatment would be surgery.During surgery, affected portion of the colon with the margin that is, additional segment of healthy colon on both the distal side and proximal side is removed and ends of the colon are joined to each other.This operation is called Colectomy. Colectomy can be done in various methods, by open method or laparoscopic method.Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for colon cancer.Depending upon the stage additional modalities like chemotherapy or radiation might also be required for colon cancer..
Breast cancer staging is a 'must know' for all undergraduates and surgical postgraduate students in the field of medicine. Often, people forget it each time they revise it. I have tried to find a pattern and make it easier to learn it.
Views: 2395 Parth Gada
Staging is very important because ovarian cancers have different prognoses at different stages and are treated differently. The accuracy of the staging may determine whether or not a patient will be cured. If the cancer isn’t accurately staged, then cancer that has spread outside the ovary might be missed and not treated. Once the cancer has been given a stage it does not change, even when it comes back (recurs) or spreads (metastasizes) to new locations. Ask your cancer care team to explain the staging procedure. After surgery, ask what your cancer's stage is. In this way, you will be able to make informed decisions about your treatment. One of the reasons it is important to be operated on by a gynecologic oncologist is that you are more likely to be staged accurately. Ovarian and fallopian tube cancer is most often staged using the FIGO system. This system relies on the results of surgery to determine the extent of the primary tumor (often described by the letter T), the absence or presence of metastasis to nearby lymph nodes (described by the letter N), and the absence or presence of distant metastasis (described by the letter M). This information is combined to determine the final stage. Primary peritoneal cancer (PPC) is staged in a similar way, but there is no stage I.
Views: 9391 DoctorDC online
http://homeremedies9.com/common-remedies/home-remedies-g/gallstones-home-remedies/ Gallbladder cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the tissues of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that lies just under the liver in the upper abdomen. The gallbladder stores bile, a fluid made by the liver to digest fat. When food is being broken down in the stomach and intestines, bile is released from the gallbladder through a tube called the common bile duct, which connects the gallbladder and liver to the first part of the small intestine.Gallbladder cancer is difficult to detect and diagnose There are no signs or symptoms in the early stages of gallbladder cancer. The symptoms of gallbladder cancer, when present, are like the symptoms of many other illnesses. The gallbladder is hidden behind the liver. Gallbladder cancer is sometimes found when the gallbladder is removed for other reasons. Patients with gallstones rarely develop gallbladder cancer. gallbladder cancer, gallbladder cancer symptoms, symptoms of gallbladder cancer, gall bladder cancer, gallbladder cancer staging, gallbladder cancer survival rate, signs of gallbladder cancer, gall bladder cancer symptoms, gallbladder cancer prognosis, gallbladder cancer treatment, stage 4 gallbladder cancer, cancer of the gallbladder, gallbladder cancer survival, gallbladder cancer ribbon,
Views: 11235 Gallstone Natural Treatment
The staging of lung cancer includes stages one and two, which means the cancer is localized and might be removed with surgery, and stages three and four, where the cancer is too advanced for surgery. Understand the stages of lung cancer with helpful information from a practicing oncologist in this free video on cancer. Expert: Dr. Kenneth Fink Contact: www.nhhn.org Bio: Dr. Kenneth Fink has been a medical doctor in the field of internal medicine specializing in hematology and oncology for 23 years. Filmmaker: Reel Media LLC
Views: 12319 eHow
Check out the following links below! Over 1000+ Medical Questions: http://www.5minuteschool.com DONATE + SUPPORT US: http://paypal.me/5minuteschool Patreon: https://goo.gl/w841fz Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/5MinuteSchool Follow us on Instagram: http://instagram.com/5minuteschool My personal Instagram: http://instagram.com/shahzaebb Contact us: firstname.lastname@example.org ______ In this video, we look at Hodgkins Lymphoma, which is a type of white blood cell tumor. We look at the causes, types, symptoms, and diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma. We also look at the techniques for staging Hodgkins Lymphoma (and Non-Hodgkins lymphomas) and look into treatment methods for Hodgkins Lymphoma. Donate: http://www.5minuteSchool.com/Donate Patreon: https://goo.gl/w841fz Website: http://www.5minuteSchool.com Tutoring: http://www.5minuteschool.com/tutoring Essay Writing Service: http://www.5minuteschool.com/essay-writing/ Instagram: www.instagram.com/5minuteschool Twitter: www.twitter.com/5MinuteSchool
Views: 7365 5MinuteSchool
Medicine by Alexandros G. Sfakianakis,Anapafseos 5 Agios Nikolaos 72100 Crete Greece,00306932607174,00302841026182,email@example.com Thyroid Cancer Staging and Prognosis TABLE 1: AJCC/UICC staging of thyroid cancer Unlike most other cancers, in which staging is based on the anatomic extent of disease, the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and International Union Against Cancer (UICC) staging of thyroid cancer also takes into consideration patient age at the time of diagnosis and tumor histology (Table 1). Differentiated thyroid cancers Recurrence and death following initial treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer can be predicted using a number of risk-classification schemes. Some commonly used systems are Tumor Node Metastasis (TNM) or Metastases, Age, Completeness of Resection, Invasion, Size (MACIS); the AMES (age, metastases, extent, and size) and AGES (age, grade, extent, and size) classifications; and then an additional clinicopathologic staging system, such as the American Thyroid Association (ATA) system, to estimate the risk of recurrence. Low-risk patients are generally those younger than 45 years with low-grade nonmetastatic tumors that are confined to the thyroid gland and are less than 1 to 5 cm. Low-risk patients enjoy a 20-year survival rate of 97% to 100% after surgery alone. High-risk patients are those 45 years and older with a high-grade, metastatic, locally invasive tumor in the neck or with a large tumor. Large size is defined by some authors as more than 1 cm and by others as more than 2 or more than 5 cm. The 20-year survival rate in the high-risk group drops to between 54% and 57%. Intermediate-risk patients include young patients with a high-risk tumor (metastatic, large, locally invasive, or high grade) or older patients with a low-risk tumor. The 20-year survival rate in this group of patients is approximately 85%. Increasing age and tumor size, male sex, poorly differentiated carcinoma, lymph node involvement, and regional and metastatic disease were associated with increased cumulative incidence of death resulting from thyroid cancer. Medullary thyroid carcinoma Medullary thyroid carcinoma is associated with an overall 10-year survival rate of 40% to 60%. When medullary carcinoma is discovered before it becomes palpable, the prognosis is much better: patients with stage I medullary tumors (ie, tumors ≤ 2 cm or nonpalpable lesions detected by screening and provocative testing) have a 10-year survival rate of 95%. Stage II medullary cancers (tumors 2 cm but 4 cm) are associated with a survival rate of 50% to 90% at 10 years. Patients who have lymph node involvement (stages III and IVA disease) have a 10-year survival rate of 15% to 50%. Unfortunately, approximately 50% of patients have lymph node involvement at the time of diagnosis. When there are distant metastases (stages IVB and IVC), long-term survival is compromised. In patients with metastatic medullary thyroid cancer, the disease often progresses at a very slow rate, and patients may remain alive with disease for many years. Doubling time of calcitonin and CEA are predictive of prognosis. In a 2005 study by Barbet et al of patients with medullary thyroid cancer, those with a calcitonin doubling time of 6 months had a survival of 25% at 5 years and 8% at 10 years versus 100% survival among patients with a calcitonin doubling time of 2 years. The 2009 ATA management guidelines for medullary thyroid cancer recommend monitoring of doubling time of CEA and calcitonin. Frequency of surveillance has been recommended on the basis of the doubling time calculation for calcitonin and CEA. Patients with calcitonin or CEA doubling times of 2 years typically do not require systemic therapy, and such treatment should only be initiated after thorough discussion with the patient. Patients with rapidly progressing disease (doubling times of 2 years) should be considered for treatment. The ATA website has a calculator for CEA and calcitonin doubling time. Sidebar: Ho et al recently reported on a postoperative nomogram for predicting cancer-specific mortality in medullary thyroid cancer. The authors identified a total of 249 patients with medullary thyroid cancer managed entirely at one institution between 1986 and 2010. Patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics were recorded from patient charts. A risk model was then built to predict the 10-year cumulative incidence of medullary thyroid cancer. All predictors of interest were added in the starting full model before selection, including age, gender, preoperative and postoperative serum calcitonin, preoperative and postoperative CEA, RET mutation, perivascular invasion, margin status, M status, pathologic N status, and pathologic T status. Of 249 patients, 22.5% (56 of 249) died from medullary thyroid cancer, while 6.4% (16 of 249) died secondary to other causes. The mean
Views: 100 Alexandros G. Sfakianakis
Based on a variety of diagnostic factors such as tumor size, lymph nodes affected, and metastases, doctors can provide a snapshot of a particular patient's disease at a given point in time. New treatment strategies and efforts to improve quality of life are also discussed by Drs. Harvey Pass and Tanveer Mir at NYU Langone's Perlmutter Cancer Center. Learn more about Dr. Pass: http://www.nyulangone.org/doctors/1104826460/harvey-i-pass Learn more about Dr. Mir: http://www.nyulangone.org/doctors/1194895243/tanveer-p-mir Visit the Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone: http://www.nyulangone.org/locations/perlmutter-cancer-center This video project was made possible with the generous support of the Stephen E. Banner Fund for Lung Cancer Research.
Views: 915 NYU Langone Health
This animation describes pathophysiology, diagnosis and staging of pancreatic cancer. To learn more visit: http://www.AnimatedPancreasPatient.com
Views: 9048 ThePancreasPatient
Endometrial Hyperplasia there is proliferation of the endometrium which becomes very thick. Primarily the hormonal trigger for endometrial proliferation is estrogen. The hormone that blocks the effects of estrogen on endometrium is progesterone. ETIOLOGY Obesity can cause this because there is increased aromatase which converts more testoserone to estrogen. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) which has a high estrogen and testosterone and there is no ovulation and therefore there is no corpus luteum and therefore no progesterone. Tumors that release estrogen releasing. Hormone replacement therapy in post menopausal women. Two types of hyperplasia, simple and complex. Normally there is small amounts of gland and lots of stromal tissue. In simple there are more glands, but not touching each other. In complex the glands are touching each other. In Atypia there are abnormal nucleus which is really large and it is a very bad sign. Complex atypia has a 30% chance of become endometrial cancer. Sign and symptoms is abnormal heavy bleeding due to lack of ovulation. Diagnosis is done initially by doing a transvaginal ultrasound looking for endometrial thickness. If less than 5mm than 95% can rule out endometrial hyperplasia. Biopsy is done with a pipelle, however it can miss areas of cancer because small sample. Dilation and curretage and hysteroscopy. Treatment depends on the pathology report. If there is no atypia you can give mirena and MPA which causes enodmetrium to go back to normal. Atypia requires hysterectomy. Type 1 endometrial cancer is endometroid adenocarcinoma. Endometrial Carcinoma Most common gyne cancer in women, especially in post menopausal. Type 1: Endometroid Adenocarinoma, due to estrogen secondary to endometrial hyperplasia. Type 2 is clear cell, serous carcinoma and there is no precursor, no precursor, more agressive and occurs much later (70s and 80s). Risk Factors related to unopposed estrogen. Risk factors are Cancers (Breast, Ovarian, Colon Cancer). Obesity, Late Menopause, Diabestes Mellitus, HTN, Nulliparity, Unopposed Estrogen due anovulation, Hormone replacement and tamoxifen. However, COC is protective. Signs and Symptoms in type 1 is postmenopausal bleeding. In type 2 there is bloating, bowel dysfunction, pelvic pressure. Staging is done by direct extension myometrium, serosa, bladder and large bowel. Or down cervix and vagina and finally fallopian tube. Lympahtic spread can go to pelvic para-aortic lymph nodes. Fallopian tube and into peritoneum. Hematogenous spread is liver and lungs. Stage 1 is when only in uterus. Stage 2 goes into cervix Stage 3 is when it goes into adjacent strucutres. Stage 4 is beyond pelvic cavity. Investigations are Transvaginal Ultrasound, Biopsy with pipelle, Dilation and curretage, and hysteroscopy. Treatment depends on staging, surgery of hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy (BSO), pelvic wash and lymph nodes. Omentectomy and this can be done laparoscopy. If there is metastasis then also do chemotherapy and if it recurs than perform radiation therapy
Views: 47202 the study spot
Related: Liver Cancer Early Warning Signs https://youtu.be/muI6Huqv_60 Liver Cancer Stages https://youtu.be/Xivxjd5R-vs Liver Cancer Survival Rates Liver cancer survival rates are estimates that vary based on a number of factors which are specific to each individual patient. Patients are assiged a stage by their doctor that describes how much the cancer has spread beyond the liver. The more the the cancer has spread, the higher the stage and the lower the survival rate. Survival rates for these stages are traditionally given as the percentage of patients who live at least 5 years after their diagnosis. Here are the 5-year survival rates for liver cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute, based on studies done between 2005-2011. 31 Percent For people whose cancer is "localized," that is, has not spread outside the liver, the 5-year survival rate is about one in three. Localized means the cancer is still confined to the liver, and includes stages I, II, and some stage III cancers. This encompasses a wide range of cancers, some of which are easier to treat than others. 11 Percent The 5-year survival rate for "regional" liver cancer is about one in ten. Regional means the cancer has grown into nearby organs or has spread to nearby lymph nodes. This typically happens in stages IIIC and IVA. 3 Percent If liver cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is about 1 in 33. Distant means that the cancer has spread to distant organs or tissues and is the same as stage IVB. The overall 5-year survival is better than 50 percent in patients with "resectable" tumors -- that is, tumors that can be completely removed. These patients are likely to do well if their tumors are removed when they're not suffering from cirrhosis or other serious health problems. At the present time, those who have early-stage liver cancers and get a liver transplant have a 5-year survival rate is in the range of 60% to 70%. Of course, the 5-year survival rate for liver cancer tends to be better if the cancer is found and treated at an earlier stage. The purpose of this video has been to provide quick, basic information on liver cancer survival rates. To learn more about liver cancer and related topics, in greater depth, click on the links below the video screen. And remember, you should rely only on advice from a medical professional in any matter related to your health.
Views: 16312 WS Westwood
Dr. Roger Seheult of http://www.medcram.com continues his explanation of lung cancer staging and lung cancer treatment. Tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging system is discussed in detail. Targeted therapy and treatment for non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC): squamous cell lung cancer, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma is discussed. Staging and treatment for small cell lung cancer (SCLC, oat cell carcinoma) is also covered. This is part 2 of lung cancer staging and treatment. Visit http://www.medcram.com for this entire course and over 100 free lectures. This is the home for ALL MedCram.com medical videos (many medical videos, medical lectures, and quizzes are not on YouTube). Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD Co-Founder of MedCram.com (https://www.medcram.com) Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine. MedCram: Medical education topics explained clearly including: Respiratory lectures such as Asthma and COPD. Renal lectures on Acute Renal Failure and Adrenal Gland. Internal medicine videos on Oxygen-Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve and Medical Acid Base. A growing library on critical care topics such as Shock, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), and Mechanical Ventilation. Cardiology videos on Hypertension and heart failure. VQ Mismatch and Hyponatremia lectures have been popular among medical students. Our Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) videos have been particularly popular with RTs. NPs and PAs have given great feedback on Pneumonia Treatment and Liver Function Tests among many others. Many nursing students have found the Asthma and shock lectures very helpful. New free medical education videos are released first at MedCram.com Visit MedCram.com for the full library of MedCram medical videos: https://www.medcram.com Subscribe to the official MedCram.com YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=medcramvideos Recommended Audience - Health care professionals and medical students: including physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, respiratory therapists, EMT and paramedics, and many others. Review and test prep for USMLE, MCAT, PANCE, NCLEX, NAPLEX, NBDE, RN, RT, MD, DO, PA, NP school and board examinations. More from MedCram.com medical videos: MedCram Website: https://www.medcram.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MedCram Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/1/+Medcram Twitter: https://twitter.com/MedCramVideos Produced by Kyle Allred PA-C Please note: MedCram medical videos, medical lectures, medical illustrations, and medical animations are for medical educational and exam preparation purposes, and not intended to replace recommendations by your doctor or health care provider.
Views: 4551 MedCram - Medical Lectures Explained CLEARLY
More detailed information on staging the prostate capsule2(unilateral or bilateral). Whether the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes (n category). National cancer institute routine tests for men tennis ace john mcenroe champions the cause of prostate research how does my doctor grade and stage cancer? Prostate other places to get help cancer, advanced 4 oct 2017 clinical staging was devised from american joint committee on (ajcc) tumor, node, metastasis (tnm) system. It is also the most significant (but not only) factor in predicting a man's outlook for survival (prognosis). The results of the tests used to diagnose prostate cancer are often also stage disease. Prostate cancer t1 t2 t3 t4. Find out about tumour, node and metastasis (tnm) staging treatment. The tnm staging system is the most common way that doctors stage prostate there are two schemes commonly used to cancer. Doctors use a staging system to determine where your cancer falls on the spectrum (the severity or extent) and help you understand treatment options prognosis. Prostate cancer stages & survival rates. Prostate cancer stages and grades prostate american society. But your doctor may not be able to tell you the exact stage until have surgery. These stages include how is prostate cancer diagnosed? Doctors describe the growth and spread of in. A stage ii cancer has not spread to lymph nodes or distant organs. Recurrent recurrent prostate cancer is that has come back after treatment 18 dec 2017 the tumor can be felt by digital rectal exam or seen with imaging such as transrectal ultrasound. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes [n0] or elsewhere in the body [m0]. Proton therapy prostate cancer treatment (pdq) patient version national diagnosis and staging practice essentials number system research ukcancer ukprostate. Stages and grading understanding macmillan cancer support. The gleason scoring system (see below) is used to grade prostate cancer. Prostate cancer staging is based on a number of different factors, including prostate screening tests once confirmed by biopsy, it's important to learn the stage (location) and grade (aggressiveness) tumor. The tnm system for grouping prostate cancer is based on the following 5 key pieces of information extent primary tumor (t category). In prostate cancer, staging tests may not be done unless the patient has symptoms or signs that cancer 21 sep 2017 stage groupings. Find out about the number staging system for prostate cancer and treatment. But your doctor might not be able to tell you the exact stage until have surgery. Doctors sometimes use the number system to stage prostate cancer tnm staging. Prostate cancer stages what are the stages? What of prostate cancer? . Your scans will give some information about the stage of your cancer. Googleusercontent search. An overview of the stages knowing stage prostate cancer helps doctor plan best treatment for you. Prostate cancer t1 t2 t3 t4 prostate stagescholarly articles for st
Views: 207 health tips
(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) Bladder cancer is the 5th most common cancer and is much more common in smokers. UCSF genitourinary cancer specialist Dr. Terence Friedlander reviews the basic biology and pathophysiology of bladder cancer, focusing on methods used to detect bladder cancer, treatment of early-stage disease with therapies administered into the bladder, the role of surgery or radiation therapy in the treatment localized disease, the role of chemotherapy for metastatic disease, and new directions in the field, particularly the role of immunotherapy in bladder cancer. Recorded on 06/24/2014. Series: "UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine presents Mini Medical School for the Public" [9/2014] [Health and Medicine] [Show ID: 28499]
Views: 97477 University of California Television (UCTV)