What is the Antibiotic Apocalypse? What is it all about? And how dangerous is it? Kurzgesagt MERCH! http://bit.ly/1P1hQIH Support us on Patreon so we can make more stuff (and get cool wallpapers): https://www.patreon.com/Kurzgesagt?ty=h Get the music of the video here: Soundcloud: http://bit.ly/1Lqpa69 Bandcamp: http://bit.ly/1pnWMqG Epic Mountain Music: http://bit.ly/22k7EYF THANKS A LOT TO OUR LOVELY PATRONS FOR SUPPORTING US: Sara Priselac, Eric, José Díez, Antonie Coetzee, Julien Dubois, Mert Tekin, Reno, Ran Moneta, Terry Breen-Smith, Azri Rostam, Guy Nicholson, DeAdrean Martin, Ty Cook, Wes Blind, Marc Stein, Mathias Højbjerg, Rustan Curman, Christopher Homs, Selene Kwan, Nikita, Jamie Buch, Yong-Bi Jo, Charles Cartwrighte, Steven Ferrari, Logan Kent, Danimal, Matthias Gyllenvarg, Kieran Keegan, Jai Kowalik, Chad Mellor, Karla Brilman, Daniel Dchuette, Lindsey Skouras, Allan Lehamnn Kristensen, Michael DeFreitas, James Wiles, Brian Lathrop, Kyle Sayers, Zack, Touki Wawa Wang, David Campos, Conner Fissell, Atlas Moon, Trevor Kam, Anon, Jan Sundgaard Schultz, Andrew Wissam Chidiac Cherian The Antibiotic Apocalypse Explained Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
Views: 4494705 Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-antibiotics-become-resistant-over-time-kevin-wu Right now, you are inhabited by trillions of microorganisms. Many of these bacteria are harmless (or even helpful!), but there are a few strains of ‘super bacteria’ that are pretty nasty -- and they’re growing resistant to our antibiotics. Why is this happening? Kevin Wu details the evolution of this problem that presents a big challenge for the future of medicine. Lesson by Kevin Wu, animation by Brett Underhill.
Views: 1692510 TED-Ed
Dr Rowley Richards talks about how antibiotics were considered a 'miracle drug' when they were first developed because of their ability to save lives — and of the avoidable deaths that occurred without access to antibiotics during World War II. Dr Richards was a doctor and POW in the Australian army. He talks about the miracle that was antibiotics offered and the difficulties in treating his fellow soldiers without them. Find out what you can do to fight antibiotic resistance so that effective antibiotics will remain available at http://www.nps.org.au/bemedicinewise/antibiotic_resistance
Views: 683 NPS MedicineWise
In which John Green teaches you about disease, and the effects that disease has had in human history. Disease has been with man since the beginning, and it has shaped the way humans operate in a lot of ways. John will teach you about the Black Death, the Great Dying, and the modern medical revolution that has changed the world. You can directly support Crash Course at https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.
Views: 2368116 CrashCourse
Interviews with Dr Ian Campbell, Dr Henry Adam and Dr Ronald Girdwood regarding the treatment of patients during the Second World War. This included patients wounded on the battlefield and men suffering from shellshock. Ronald Girdwood discusses the development of blood transfusion techniques, tropical diseases and penicillin. Dr Ian Campbell was born in 1916 and attended Dingwall Academy and then the University of Edinburgh. He took part in the D-Day landing in June 1944, and treated casualties at various locations in France, Germany and Belgium. Campbell held a number of increasingly senior posts in the National Health Service, and also worked for the World Health Organisation on projects in Baroda, Gujarat State, Bangalore, Agra, New Dehli and Jakarta. Dr Henry Adam was born in Wimbledon in 1911 to a Scottish father and Italian mother, speaking Italian as his first language and going to school in in Madrid and Rome as well as in Britain. Finishing up his schooling at George Watson’s College, Adam began his medical training at the University of Edinburgh in 1929. Throughout the late 1930s, he was involved in research and clinical medicine in the Western General Hospital and the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, participating in the early days of blood transfusions with Sir Charles Illingworth. In 1945, Adam was posted at Buchenwald Concentration Camp, where he gained intelligence about German research into biological warfare and typhus vaccines. Dr Ronald Girdwood graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1939 and was Professor of Therapeutics at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh from 1962 to 1982, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine from 1975 to 1979, and President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh from 1982 to 1985. Girdwood was drafted to India during World War II where he researched anaemia epidemics amongst British and Indian troops. His research was celebrated by haematologists and published in many volumes, including Davison’s Principles and Practice of Medicine. He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for services to medicine in 1986. Video source credits: • OBJ/ORA/1/5 – Interview: Campbell, Ian (RCPE) • 'WORLD WAR II: Casualty evacuation by jeep' (Wellcome Collection, CC BY) • 'WORLD WAR II: Casualty evacuation by jeep' (Wellcome Collection, CC BY) • OBJ/ORA/1/1 – Interview: Adam, Henry (RCPE) • 'A soldier within a blood-flask, referring to the army's need of blood-donations.' by Abram Games (Wellcome Collection, CC BY) • OBJ/ORA/1/18 – Interview: Girdwood, Ronald (RCPE) • 'The head of a wounded soldier, tense with pain, and blood being transfused; representing the need for blood donors. Colour lithograph after A. Games, 1942.' by Abram Games. (Wellcome Collection, CC BY) • 'Blood transfusion apparatus, United Kingdom, 1914-1918' (Science Museum, CC BY) • 'Advertisement for penicillin production from Life magazine' (Science Museum, CC BY)
Views: 56 Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Some sources say that during the four years of World War 1, medicine and medical treatments advances more than during any other four year period in human history. The chances for a soldier to survive his injury were far greater in 1918 than in 1914. » HOW CAN I SUPPORT YOUR CHANNEL? You can support us by sharing our videos with your friends and spreading the word about our work.You can also support us financially on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thegreatwar You can also buy our merchandise in our online shop: http://shop.spreadshirt.de/thegreatwar/ Patreon is a platform for creators like us, that enables us to get monthly financial support from the community in exchange for cool perks. » WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION ABOUT WORLD WAR I AND WHERE ELSE CAN I FIND YOU? We’re offering background knowledge, news, a glimpse behind the scenes and much more on: reddit: http://bit.ly/TheGreatSubReddit Facebook: http://bit.ly/WW1FB Twitter: http://bit.ly/WW1Series Instagram: http://bit.ly/ZpMYPL » CAN I EMBED YOUR VIDEOS ON MY WEBSITE? Of course, you can embed our videos on your website. We are happy if you show our channel to your friends, fellow students, classmates, professors, teachers or neighbours. Or just share our videos on Facebook, Twitter, Reddit etc. We are also happy to get your feedback, criticism or ideas in the comments. If you have interesting historical questions, just post them and we will answer in our OUT OF THE TRENCHES videos. You can find a selection of answers to the most frequently asked questions here: http://bit.ly/OOtrenches » CAN I SHOW YOUR VIDEOS IN CLASS? Of course! Tell your teachers or professors about our channel and our videos. We’re happy if we can contribute with our videos. If you are a teacher and have questions about our show, you can get in contact with us on one of our social media presences. » WHAT ARE YOUR SOURCES? Videos: British Pathé Pictures: Mostly Picture Alliance Background Map: http://d-maps.com/carte.php?num_car=6030&lang=en Literature (excerpt): Gilbert, Martin. The First World War. A Complete History, Holt Paperbacks, 2004. Hart, Peter. The Great War. A Combat History of the First World War, Oxford University Press, 2013. Hart, Peter. The Great War. 1914-1918, Profile Books, 2013. Stone, Norman. World War One. A Short History, Penguin, 2008. Keegan, John. The First World War, Vintage, 2000. Hastings, Max. Catastrophe 1914. Europe Goes To War, Knopf, 2013. Hirschfeld, Gerhard. Enzyklopädie Erster Weltkrieg, Schöningh Paderborn, 2004 Michalka, Wolfgang. Der Erste Weltkrieg. Wirkung, Wahrnehmung, Analyse, Seehamer Verlag GmbH, 2000 Leonhard, Jörn. Die Büchse der Pandora: Geschichte des Ersten Weltkrieges, C.H. Beck, 2014 If you want to buy some of the books we use or recommend during our show, check out our Amazon Store: http://bit.ly/AmazonTGW NOTE: This store uses affiliate links which grant us a commission if you buy a product there. » WHAT IS “THE GREAT WAR” PROJECT? THE GREAT WAR covers the events exactly 100 years ago: The story of World War I in realtime. Featuring: The unique archive material of British Pathé. Indy Neidell takes you on a journey into the past to show you what really happened and how it all could spiral into more than four years of dire war. Subscribe to our channel and don’t miss our new episodes every Thursday. » WHO IS REPLYING TO MY COMMENTS? AND WHO IS BEHIND THIS PROJECT? Most of the comments are written by our social media manager Florian. He is posting links, facts and backstage material on our social media channels. But from time to time, Indy reads and answers comments with his personal account, too. The Team responsible for THE GREAT WAR is even bigger: - CREDITS - Presented by : Indiana Neidell Written by: Indiana Neidell Director: Toni Steller & Florian Wittig Director of Photography: Toni Steller Sound: Toni Steller Mixing, Mastering & Sound Design: www.above-zero.com Editing: Steven Roberts Motion Design: Philipp Appelt Research by: Indiana Neidell Fact checking: Markus Linke The Great War Theme composed by Karim Theilgaard: http://bit.ly/karimyt A Mediakraft Networks Original Channel Based on a concept by Spartacus Olsson Author: Indiana Neidell Visual Concept: Astrid Deinhard-Olsson & David van Stephold Executive Producer: Spartacus Olsson Producer: Toni Steller & Florian Wittig Social Media Manager: Florian Wittig Contains licenced Material by British Pathé All rights reserved - © Mediakraft Networks GmbH, 2016
Views: 249163 The Great War
Besides the influenza outbreak, bacterial infections are also one of the greatest threats to global health today. Now scientists in the U.S. are hoping their discovery can help turn the tide.
Views: 316 CGTN America
Please note: Due to a power outage at the event, there is a gap in the middle section of this talk. We do not have capture of that section of the talk, but wanted to make as much of Dr. Klose's talk available as possible. As founder and director of the South Texas Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, with 19 infectious disease laboratories, Dr. Klose's research focuses on understanding bacterial pathogenesis in order to develop effective vaccines and therapeutics. For more information on Klose: http://bio.utsa.edu/faculty-staff/dr.-karl-klose/#.UN4kdYnjlvI Overview: The Superbug does exist. Dr. Klose offers profiles of bacteria and their sinister ways of evolving into antibiotic-resistant menaces. A cleverly designed slideshow accompanies Dr. Klose. 'No more meat treated with antibiotics' might be your take-away mantra. About TEDx, x = independently organized event In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized (subject to certain rules and regulations). Video Opener by Rod Guajardo foursandyfeet.com. Music: MUSICXXX Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0. Help us caption and translate this video on Amara.org: http://www.amara.org/en/v/BWQo/
Views: 112844 TEDx Talks
"It could plunge medicine back into the Dark Ages." Overuse of antibiotics on Chinese pig farms has led to a strain of bacteria becoming resistant to the last effective antibiotic we had. And it's spreading. Could this be the start to the post-antibiotic era? Find out more on this episode of China Uncensored. Join the China Uncensored 50-Cent Army! https://www.patreon.com/ChinaUncensored Subscribe for more China Uncensored: http://www.youtube.com/ntdchinauncensored Make sure to share with your friends! ______________________________ Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChinaUncensored Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/ChinaUncensored Google+: https://plus.google.com/+NTDChinaUncensored Instagram: instagram.com/ChinaUncensored ______________________________ MOBILE LINKS: Chinese Drugs Are Killing Americans https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MsnNpfZNCMI Will China's Currency Dominate the US Dollar? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YOZm-V8S7hU 5 Ways Star Wars is Surprisingly Like China https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q49ZGvfGOIU
Views: 173983 China Uncensored
Antibiotics have been credited to saving countless lives. Penicillin, discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming, is recognized as one of the greatest advances in therapeutic medicine. The life-saving drug was first mass produced in the U.S. during World War II, and helped launch the golden era of antibiotics. Today, medical researchers have a concern about these medications: overuse and misuse of antibiotics, leading to antibiotic resistance. Mayo Clinic pediatric infectious disease specialist Dr. Nipunie Rajapakse says antibiotic resistance is a serious public health threat. More health and medical news on the Mayo Clinic News Network http://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/
Views: 307 Mayo Clinic
A virus and a bacterial infection are not the same thing. Learn more from Vox's Julia Belluz: http://www.vox.com/2015/11/16/9743580/antibiotics-colds-bad Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com to get up to speed on everything from Kurdistan to the Kim Kardashian app. Check out our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H Or on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o
Views: 143185 Vox
What are antibiotics, how do they work and why do we see resistance in antibiotic.. this video answers all these questions. Alexander Fleming discovered in 1928 when he found Pencillium and Penicillin was found. There are two types of Antibiotic Bactereostatic and Bactericidal Bother antibiotics have different mode of action and play major role in immunity. Antibiotics are only available against Bacteria but not virus. Antibiotics stop DNA replication or stop its metabolism or it also stops its enzyme or substrate. Penicillin kills the bacteria by rupturing its bacterial cell wall, thereby killing bacteria but not harming our body cells. usage of antibiotics also effect normal flora of our body which becomes a challenge are a lot of our functions are dependent upon them. Antibiotics kill our helpful bacteria as well thereby disturbing our normal functions of body and causing side effects. Evolution of bacteria and their mutation caused a war between scientist and bacteria as they started mutating against antibiotics and we had to made newer and newer generation of antibiotics while bacteria kept challenging us. Disclaimer: at last of my video i mentioned that antibiotics should be used as last resort, But be very clear to follow complete instruction by your doctor as your doctor knows what is best for your health and condition. This video is for educational purposes and doesnt encourage taking any medication or using antibiotics just by watching this video. In any condition, consult your doctor who will prescribe according to your condition. For more information https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X1GT2bKgci8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xZbcwi7SfZE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znnp-Ivj2ek https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IVBCrzjOl40 Also visit following website for more information https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antibiotics https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bactericide https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bactericide#Antibiotics https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteriostatic_agent https://www.medbullets.com/step1-microbiology/4129/bacteriostatic-vs-bactericidal-antibiotics https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_antibiotics
Views: 67894 My Channel Video
A war has been raging for billions of years, killing trillions every single day, while we don’t even notice. This war involves the single deadliest being on our planet: The Bacteriophage. Created with scientific advice and editing by James Gurney. Kurzgesagt Newsletter: http://eepurl.com/cRUQxz Support us on Patreon so we can make more videos (and get cool stuff in return): https://www.patreon.com/Kurzgesagt?ty=h Kurzgesagt merch: https://bit.ly/2GeuQxZ Facebook: http://bit.ly/1NB6U5O Twitter: http://bit.ly/2DDeT83 Instagram: http://bit.ly/2DEN7r3 Discord: https://discord.gg/Fsstncs The music of the video here: Soundcloud: https://bit.ly/2IcLhRp Bandcamp: https://bit.ly/2IiETnI Facebook: https://bit.ly/2GIoZlH THANKS A LOT TO OUR LOVELY PATRONS FOR SUPPORTING US: Luca Perfetti, Ramkumar Ranjithkumar, Dan Albert, Bryce, Gregor Gatterer, Benjamin Schrank, Zsuzsanna Goodman, Dale Wahl, Richard, Bruno Mikuö, Josh Villars, Richelle Swinton, WeedyGreen, Turrabo, Nirup Nagabandi, Kevin Kohler, Travis Decaminada, Levi Mauk, Jack McCluskey, Jonathan Lucas, Clemens P¸hringer, Chloe Arvidson, Jason Brady, Germain Wessely, ROBERT MELTON, Rodrigo Acevedo, Kathleen Kintz, Wrekuiem, Michael Hoffman, Nikhil Verma, Darragh Chan, Kinorian, Rohith Rao, Ryan Thomson, Alberto Amigo, Matt Bodsworth, david bibb, Harrison Frede, Joseph Ricks, Taylor Smith, Ilya Tsarev, Mohammad Farzam, Tazia, Sarah Turney, Sammy Binkin, Brian Michalowski, Jiayuan Xu, Thomas Hair, Alexander Simmerl, Sven Rauber, Graham Fenech, Lumi, Stanimir Neroev, Michael Massen-Hane, Arikazei, Aakash Sapre, Sandra Giuliani, Eischen, Edznux, Alex Friele, Alexandru Dimofte, Clayton Ackroyd, Aran J‰ger, Kristiana Sevastjanova, Nadine Gantner, art haschak, Von Schifferdecker, Michael Tabron, Riley Kennedy, JP Michaud, Timo Kohlmeyer, Xavier dupont, Felipe Medeiros, Malte Brendel, Michael Newbon, Hadar Milner, Peppie T Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2 The Deadliest Being on Planet Earth – The Bacteriophage
Views: 6398786 Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
Every second of your life you are under attack. Bacteria, viruses, spores and more living stuff wants to enter your body and use its resources for itself. The immune system is a powerful army of cells that fights like a T-Rex on speed and sacrifices itself for your survival. Without it you would die in no time. This sounds simple but the reality is complex, beautiful and just awesome. An animation of the immune system. We are thinking of making an App for tablets out of this video. Would you like that? Did you think the visual system we developed worked? Feedback is much appreciated! You can get the MUSIC of the video here: http://thomasveith.bandcamp.com/track/the-immune-system Videos, explaining things. Like evolution, time, space, global energy or our existence in this strange universe. We are a team of designers, journalists and musicians who want to make science look beautiful. Because it is beautiful. Visit us on our Website, Twitter, Facebook, Patreon or Behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://twitter.com/Kurz_Gesagt http://kurzgesagt.org http://www.patreon.com/Kurzgesagt http://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt THANKS A LOT TO OUR PATRONS FOR SUPPORTING US: Justin Degenaars jordan gardner Derek Loa Jeroen Koerts Carlos Campuzano Benoît Graham Scott Zell Tanya Smirnova Giovanna Cardoso Patrick Eyrich Alex Kaplan Chris Dudley Deanie Adams Caroline Andrewes Dean Herbert Rory Bennett Adam Primaeros Rasmus Lind Daniel O.C.L. Dylan Hoffer Maxl Heitsch Eliud Vasquez Neve Laughery Ghitea Andrei Paul Alexander Law McCormack Heavens Eduardo Barbosa Sara Shah Dario Pagnia Chris Doughty Evan Low Stephen Morse Bünyamin Tetik Romano Casellini dante harper Justin T. Greeny Liu Siddharth Bajaj Valerie Brunet Jen Tim Peter Wagner Yousif Efe Melih Polat Gaëtan Maximilian Ritter Charles Kuang Balazs-Hegedus Jozsef Petr Pilař Finn Edwards Thomas Lee Daniel Fuchs Pascal B. Seona Tea Pol Lutgen Roman Zolotorevich Daniel Jonathan Velazquez Gore Jeff "Church" Churchill Randy Knapp Brandon Liu Peter Žnuderl Swarochisha Kandregula Javier de la Garza Jan Lukas Lehmann somersault18:24 Why you are still alive - The immune system explained Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
Views: 12273719 Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) Antibiotics are considered a miracle of modern medicine — our "magic bullets" that kill harmful microorganisms and spare our bodies in the war against infection. Conan MacDougall explains that the story is much more complex. Most of the bugs that would do us harm usually co-exist with us on our skin, in our gut — and in our cells themselves. The indiscriminate killing of bacteria by antibiotics and disinfectants may deprive us of nutrients and deny our immune system the "training" it needs to distinguish self from non-self — leading to an increase in autoimmune diseases. And the rise of antibiotic resistance requires us to examine how we deal with uncertainty and risk and our responsibilities to current and future patients. Series: "UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine presents Mini Medical School for the Public" [12/2013] [Health and Medicine] [Show ID: 25796]
Views: 6671 University of California Television (UCTV)
Learn how penicillin affected the world-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/join -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. PowToon is a free tool that allows you to develop cool animated clips and animated presentations for your website, office meeting, sales pitch, nonprofit fundraiser, product launch, video resume, or anything else you could use an animated explainer video. PowToon's animation templates help you create animated presentations and animated explainer videos from scratch. Anyone can produce awesome animations quickly with PowToon, without the cost or hassle other professional animation services require.
Views: 205 Samantha Evens
(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) Patients are frequently given the wrong antibiotics to treat bacterial infections, but it is not the physician who is at fault. The standard antibiotic test used worldwide is flawed since it is based on how well drugs kill bacteria on petri plates — not how well they kill bacteria in the body. Mike Mahan describes an “in vivo” antibiotic test that mimics conditions in the body. Drugs that pass the standard test often fail to treat bacterial infections, whereas drugs identified by the test are very effective. Recorded on 07/24/2017. Series: "GRIT Talks" [11/2017] [Show ID: 32759]
Views: 2664 University of California Television (UCTV)
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria kill 23,000 people every year in the United States, and the United Nations estimates that by 2050, more people will die from antibiotic-resistant infections than currently die from cancer. Discovered 100 years ago, bacteriophages—viruses that eat bacteria—might provide an answer. But phage therapy has only been approved for use on humans in the former Soviet Union. Motherboard travels to Georgia to meet the doctors using phage therapy today, and meets with the American scientists trying to normalize phage therapy in the United States. Subscribe to MOTHERBOARD: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-To-MOTHERBOARD Follow MOTHERBOARD Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/motherboardtv Twitter: http://twitter.com/motherboard Tumblr: http://motherboardtv.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/motherboardtv More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideo
Views: 1073754 Motherboard
Sulfonamides are used to treat allergies and cough, as well as antifungal and antimalarial functions. The moiety is also present in other medications that are not antimicrobials, including thiazide diuretics (including hydrochlorothiazide, metolazone, and indapamide, among others), loop diuretics (including furosemide, bumetanide, and torsemide), acetazolamide, sulfonylureas (including glipizide, glyburide, among others), and some COX-2 inhibitors (e.g., celecoxib). Sulfasalazine, in addition to its use as an antibiotic, is also used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Sulfonamide drugs were the first antibiotics to be used systemically, and paved the way for the antibiotic revolution in medicine. The first sulfonamide, trade-named Prontosil, was a prodrug. Experiments with Prontosil began in 1932 in the laboratories of Bayer AG, at that time a component of the huge German chemical trust IG Farben. The Bayer team believed that coal-tar dyes which are able to bind preferentially to bacteria and parasites might be used to attack harmful organisms in the body. After years of fruitless trial-and-error work on hundreds of dyes, a team led by physician/researcher Gerhard Domagk (working under the general direction of Farben executive Heinrich Hörlein) finally found one that worked: a red dye synthesized by Bayer chemist Josef Klarer that had remarkable effects on stopping some bacterial infections in mice. The first official communication about the breakthrough discovery was not published until 1935, more than two years after the drug was patented by Klarer and his research partner Fritz Mietzsch. Prontosil, as Bayer named the new drug, was the first medicine ever discovered that could effectively treat a range of bacterial infections inside the body. It had a strong protective action against infections caused by streptococci, including blood infections, childbed fever, and erysipelas, and a lesser effect on infections caused by other cocci. However, it had no effect at all in the test tube, exerting its antibacterial action only in live animals. Later, it was discovered by Bovet, Federico Nitti and J. and Th. Jacques Tréfouël, a French research team led by Ernest Fourneau at the Pasteur Institute, that the drug was metabolized into two pieces inside the body, releasing from the inactive dye portion a smaller, colorless, active compound called sulfanilamide. The discovery helped establish the concept of "bioactivation" and dashed the German corporation's dreams of enormous profit; the active molecule sulfanilamide (or sulfa) had first been synthesized in 1906 and was widely used in the dye-making industry; its patent had since expired and the drug was available to anyone. The result was a sulfa craze. For several years in the late 1930s, hundreds of manufacturers produced tens of thousands of tons of myriad forms of sulfa. This and nonexistent testing requirements led to the elixir sulfanilamide disaster in the fall of 1937, during which at least 100 people were poisoned with diethylene glycol. This led to the passage of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act in 1938 in the United States. As the first and only effective antibiotic available in the years before penicillin, sulfa drugs continued to thrive through the early years of World War II. They are credited with saving the lives of tens of thousands of patients, including Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. (son of US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt) and Winston Churchill. Sulfa had a central role in preventing wound infections during the war. American soldiers were issued a first-aid kit containing sulfa pills and powder, and were told to sprinkle it on any open wound. The sulfanilamide compound is more active in the protonated form. The drug has very low solubility and sometimes can crystallize in the kidneys, due to its first pKa of around 10. This is a very painful experience, so patients are told to take the medication with copious amounts of water. Newer analogous compounds prevent this complication because they have a lower pKa, around 5–6, making them more likely to remain in a soluble form. Many thousands of molecules containing the sulfanilamide structure have been created since its discovery (by one account, over 5,400 permutations by 1945), yielding improved formulations with greater effectiveness and less toxicity. Sulfa drugs are still widely used for conditions such as acne and urinary tract infections, and are receiving renewed interest for the treatment of infections caused by bacteria resistant to other antibiotics. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulfonamide_(medicine)
Views: 1480 The Film Archives
Antibiotic resistance is threatening to render antibiotics useless, but scientists may have found their answer in bacteria-eating viruses. Can We Create New Humans With Bacteria? - https://youtu.be/F3LAZ6DHqwg Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here - http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Read More: The viruses that may save humanity http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20161115-the-viruses-that-may-save-humanity "A new approach to treating infection cannot come fast enough. For decades, we have relied on antibiotic drugs such as penicillin. Unless you were particularly young, elderly, or physically weak, you didn't need to fear cuts, bruises, or basic operations. But as these drugs became more and more widespread, bacteria began to evolve new defences against these drugs - and the consequences have become alarming." Remember Life Before Antibiotics? No? Wait, It'll Come to You http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-05-02/remember-life-before-antibiotics-no-wait-it-ll-come-to-you.html "After a century of gains in the war against infectious diseases, we're losing ground. Common bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi are developing widespread immunity to some of our best weapons. Imagine a world where an uber-resistant staph infection could mean death by a paper cut." Phage Renaissance: New Hope against Antibiotic Resistance http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/121-a48/ "Researchers, too, are looking back to the pre-antibiotic era, but with the goal of resurrecting phages as antidotes for antibiotic resistance and solving medical, agricultural, and environmental problems." ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos daily. Watch More DNews on Seeker http://www.seeker.com/show/dnews/ Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez DNews on Facebook https://facebook.com/DiscoveryNews DNews on Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/+dnews Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here: http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Written by: Matt Morales
Views: 253257 Seeker
Two million Americans get antibiotic-resistant infections every year. Chris Linaman was one of them. "I was part of the good outcome. There are far too many that are on the opposite end and lose their battle, their fight with their antibiotic-resistant infection," says Chris, whose life-threating infection stemmed from a basketball injury. In this video, hear from Chris and his wife, Kimi, about their heartbreaking experience—and how Chris is working to help ensure others don't go through the same trauma he did. Hear more stories from people affected by antibiotic resistance: pewtrusts.org/superbug-stories
Views: 1835 Pew
Video competition with the topic: Antibiotics Resistance: How it impacts us Description World War A, with the ‘A’ referring to "Antibiotics" is a short action film that we have made to illustrate the war between antibiotics and bacteria in our body when we take antibiotics. The misuse of antibiotics are responsible for the rising numbers of antibiotics resistant bacteria, which can have significant effect on humanity. Thus, it is important to have some knowledge on antibiotics before taking them.
Views: 62 Nathan chai
Heather Hendrickson is a Phage Hunter and an Evolutionary Biologist. In a world where bacteria are increasingly resistant to antibiotics and with that the potentially fatal consequences of being able to treat illness sucessfully; the discovery of novel Bacteriaphages, bacteria's million year old adversary, could assist wiht the development of therapies to control life threatening bacteria. Heather is an evolutionary biologist today, but as a child she thought differently. Going to university changed her perspective and she now teaches and conducts her research in the microscopic realm. Heather investigates bacterial genomes to understand how they evolve and exchange information, a process known as Horizontal Gene Transfer. She also hunts for novel Bacteriaphages to isolate and study; to assist with the continuing pursuit of finding alternative treatments to bacterial diseases. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 14391 TEDx Talks
Part 2 of my Aug 2016 conversation with Dr. Kraft. Father of the Insulin Assay, and one of the most under-recognised greats of medicine and science. Here at aged 95 he talks of old times, relating experiences from the early days of antibiotics. We also discuss the methods used to manage TB back then, including pretty successful altitude treatments. Some extraordinary cases are discussed, including a young man who survived the Death March of Bataan while harbouring massive disease. We also visit the unusual autopsy findings for president Franklin D Roosevelt's wife, Eleanor. Please do sit with myself and Dr. Kraft for just a short while. And FEEL the history. Part 1 here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pgs6Sv_HdE4 Supported by http://www.ihda.ie/ Subscribe for free to http://www.thefatemperor.com/subscribe for more unique content. Always free. Always relevant.
Views: 829 Ivor Cummins
Like it or not, resources are finite. If we don’t use them carefully, we’ll run out. But while we’ve all heard the scary stories about peak oil, we’re guessing you had no idea that we’re running the risk of hitting peak banana. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Help us translate our videos: https://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_queue?msg=10&tab=0 - Learn more why you might want to help: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6052538 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to firstname.lastname@example.org Other TopTenz Videos: What Would Happen WITHOUT FROGS in the World https://youtu.be/RyHWy0LURJU?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K Top 10 Things That Would Happen if Every Couple Had Just ONE CHILD https://youtu.be/yMe4uqyiOdk?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-resources-you-had-no-idea-were-running-out-of.php Coming up: 10. Bananas 9. New Music 8. Wine 7. Helium 6. Honey Bees 5. Medical Isotopes 4. Caviar 3. Sardines 2. Antibiotics 1. Sand Source/Further reading: http://qz.com/164029/tropical-race-4-global-banana-industry-is-killing-the-worlds-favorite-fruit/ http://www.promusa.org/Tropical+race+4+-+TR4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DAcjV60RnRw#t=130 http://www.egopont.com/hearing_tests.php http://www.thedrinksbusiness.com/2014/10/global-wine-production-set-to-drop-in-2014/ http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2012/12/12/why-the-world-will-run-out-of-helium/ http://topics.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/04/11/honey-bees-a-history/?_r=1 http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/the-made-in-canada-isotope-shortage-facing-medical-scans-1.2652667 http://www.cbsnews.com/news/caviar-shortage-no-fish-tale/ http://enenews.com/theyre-all-gone-shock-as-sardines-vanish-off-california-fishermen-didnt-find-a-single-one-all-summer-scientist-this-is-about-the-entire-pacific-coast-noaa-the-young http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/03/were-running-out-of-antibiotics/357573/ http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/05/opinion/why-sand-is-disappearing.html https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Map-Latin_America.svg/2000px-Map-Latin_America.svg.png http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish1.jpeg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DheDd8J1IUE&t=234s http://maxpixel.freegreatpicture.com/static/photo/1x/Fruit-Banana-Eat-Child-Children-Cute-Funny-2138531.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Korg_RK-100s_Keytar_-_Head_-_2014_NAMM_Show.jpg/1024px-Korg_RK-100s_Keytar_-_Head_-_2014_NAMM_Show.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/CSIRO_ScienceImage_4626_Irrigation_channels_in_a_vineyard_at_Griffith_NSW_1989.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/Xianning-fields-9731.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2d/Helium.svg/2000px-Helium.svg.png http://geology.com/articles/helium/uses-of-helium.gif https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8a/Crude_Helium_Enrichment_Unit.jpg http://www.alomarcenter.com/img/portfolio/P6.jpg http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish5.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3c/AncientEgyptianRelief-BeeHieroglyph-ROM.png https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6a/Possible_causes_of_Colony_Collapse_Disorder.png http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Bee.jpg https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2289/2327501747_5d44940229_b.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Tc99minjektion.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/Electron_shell_043_technetium.png/936px-Electron_shell_043_technetium.png http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish6.jpg http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish7.jpg
Views: 121790 TopTenz
These antibiotics, apart from destroying friendly bacteria in the body, develop antibiotic-resistant microbes, a crucial condition needing immediate attention. Therefore, researchers all over the globe suggest some of Mother Nature's abundant natural produce, endowed with the natural goodness of antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. These prove far more effective than the conventional antibiotics, with an added bonus of being easily available, less expensive and most of all with absolutely no alarming side effects. Let us explore a list of ten foods right from our kitchen shelves that work well as synthetic antibiotics. Ancient Folklore, First World War, against stroke, hypertension, specific forms of cancer, cardiac problems and skin infections,
Views: 19794 Ranked Things
Police say a vintage second world war plane taking part in celebrations of its 75th anniversary crashed in the Hudson River between New York and New Jersey on Friday, killing the 56 year-old pilot. The single-seat plane, a P-47 Thunderbolt, crashed after completing a partial loop, with witnesses saying smoke could be seen bellowing from the aircraft. The crash occurred near to the site where a US Airways commercial jet carrying 155 people splash-landed safely in 2009 in what became known as the Miracle on the Hudson. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/may/28/second-world-war-plane-crashes-into-new-yorks-hudson-river http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by YT Wochit News using http://wochit.com
Views: 1960 Wochit News
True HD Direct Film Transfers - NO UPCONVERSIONS! http://www.buyoutfootage.com/pages/titles/pd_mnr_139.html Penicillin drug saves Allied lives and is in mass production. Shows how penicillin is manufactured. Please visit our website for additional WWII film titles. http://www.buyoutfootage.com/pages/subtops/pd_mil_wwii.html Buyout Footage is a leading supplier of public domain and royalty free stock footage for filmmakers, broadcasters, advertising agencies, multi-media and production companies worldwide. Historical Footage in True HD.
Views: 2690 Buyout Footage Historic Film Archive
From KETC, LIVING ST. LOUIS Producer Ruth Ezell recently spoke with Dr. J. Eugene Lewis, a 1942 Harvard Medical School graduate and veteran of World War II. From shamans and medicine men to modern doctors, healers have often found themselves where patients are plentiful—on the battlefield during times of war. Lewis's career as a doctor was shaped by the times in which he was trained. As a member of one of the army's first mobile medical units serving in Normandy, Lewis practiced his trade in an environment where supplies were scarce, shock was a relatively new condition and penicillin was the cutting-edge wonder drug. "Although it might seem mundane now, the work of physicians during World War II paved the way for modern medicine," Ezell says. "Lewis's experiences were revolutionary at the time. They created the circumstances where innovations such as the widespread use of antibiotics and the modern M.A.S.H. unit were born."
Views: 1815 Nine Network
Antibiotic resistance is rampant in the world, and we are moving towards dark ages when it comes to curing something as simple as a cut or a wound. Hear one of the leading experts in the field of resistance talk about what the problem is, how we can handle it and what human kind should do to protect one of our most valuable discoveries - Antibiotics. Dag Berild is a professor and a senior consultant in infectious diseases at both the University of Oslo and Oslo University College. Berild’s research concerns the rational use of antibiotics and his aim is to prevent antibiotic resistance, and to strengthen doctors’ knowledge on antibiotics so that they in turn can improve antibiotic use and reduce this resistance. He has conducted several intervention studies to improve antibiotic use both in Norway and in Russia, and also heads the Study Group for rational antibiotic and trough his day-to-day work. In this talk he will explain why this matters, and paint a scary picture of a world without a cure if we do not start to adjust our thinking now. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 11212 TEDx Talks
Video abstract of original research paper “Antibiotic prescribing and resistance: knowledge level of medical students of clinical years of University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia” published in the open access journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management by authors Haque et al. Abstract: The innovation of penicillin by Dr Alexander Fleming in 1928 and its use in clinical practice saved many lives, especially during the Second World War. Tuberculosis still carries a significant public health threat and has re-emerged over the past two decades, even in modern countries where tuberculosis was thought to be eliminated. The World Health Organization defines antimicrobial resistance as the resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial drug that was initially effective for treatment of infections caused by the microbe. Therefore, the findings of the current study will provide data to enable the design of a new educational program to better equip our students in confronting antimicrobial resistance. This study was a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey, which was undertaken in the Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. The study participants were students of the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery program (MBBS) of Year III, IV, and V. A total of 142 out of 164 (86%) medical students returned the questionnaire. Specifically, the year-wise breakdown of responses was 29% (41), 39% (55), and 32% (45) for Year III, IV, and V, respectively. Among the study respondents, 28% (40) were male, and the remaining 72% (102) were female. In all, 67% of the participants felt more confident in “making an accurate diagnosis of infection/sepsis.” The majority (88%) of the study participants stated that they would like more training on antibiotic selection. This research has found that there is a gap between theoretical input and clinical practice; the students are demanding more educational intervention to face the threat of antimicrobial resistance. Read the full paper here: https://www.dovepress.com/antibiotic-prescribing-and-resistance-knowledge-level-of-medical-stude-peer-reviewed-article-TCRM
Views: 194 Dove Medical Press
Is the War on Drugs doing more harm than good? In a bold talk, drug policy reformist Ethan Nadelmann makes an impassioned plea to end the "backward, heartless, disastrous" movement to stamp out the drug trade. He gives two big reasons we should focus on intelligent regulation instead. TEDTalks is a daily video podcast of the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design -- plus science, business, global issues, the arts and much more. Find closed captions and translated subtitles in many languages at http://www.ted.com/translate Follow TED news on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tednews Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED Subscribe to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/TEDtalksDirector
Views: 207032 TED
Real heroes. Not actual size. Watch the brand-new trailer for Ant-Man and the Wasp. In theaters July 6th. ► Subscribe to Marvel: http://bit.ly/WeO3YJ Follow Marvel on Twitter: https://twitter.com/marvel Like Marvel on FaceBook: https://www.facebook.com/Marvel For even more news, stay tuned to: Tumblr: http://marvelentertainment.tumblr.com/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/marvel Google+: https://plus.google.com/+marvel Pinterest: http://pinterest.com/marvelofficial
Views: 16075698 Marvel Entertainment
The world is full of “what ifs?” What if JFK hadn’t decided to go cruising through Dallas in an open-top car? What if Gandhi had never got teed-off with the British Empire? What if we’d been wearing pants that time the cops pulled us over? That’s the nature of things: we can never truly know. But we sure as heck can speculate. And, thankfully, Earth’s long, long history has given us plenty to speculate about. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Help us translate our videos: https://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_queue?msg=10&tab=0 - Learn more why you might want to help: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6052538 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to email@example.com Other TopTenz Videos: What Would Happen in a World WITHOUT ANTIBIOTICS https://youtu.be/NilGrhbmhtE?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K What Would Happen if “The BIG ONE” (Earthquake) Hits the WEST COAST https://youtu.be/FfiIMp5JavE?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-biggest-scenarios-history.php Coming up: 10. The Nazis Finish Their V3 Supergun 9. Franz Ferdinand Isn’t Assassinated (or survives) 8. Carlos II Manages to Sire an Heir 7. Bill Clinton’s Defense Secretary Tells the Truth About Bombing North Korea 6. The Romans Win the Battle of Teutoburg Forest 5. Japan Doesn’t Bomb Pearl Harbor 4. Napoleon Doesn’t Invade Russia 3. Rommel Isn’t Absent During D-Day 2. Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI Escape the French Revolution 1. 9/11 is Foiled Source/Further reading: https://youtu.be/dL59M53VJWY http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/ff7_vweapons.shtml https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gavrilo-Princip https://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/jan/19/archduke-franz-ferdinand-lives-richard-ned-lebow-review https://www.britannica.com/event/War-of-the-Spanish-Succession http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2010/11/24/the-last-korean-meltdown-bill-clinton-on-the-brink-of-war http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-ambush-that-changed-history-72636736/ http://io9.gizmodo.com/10-shocking-ways-the-second-world-war-could-have-ended-1558135375 https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005164 http://www.history.com/news/napoleons-disastrous-invasion-of-russia-200-years-ago https://books.google.cz/books?id=teAr_z1oVLEC&pg=PA41&lpg=PA41&dq=%22If+Rommel+had+been+with+us+instead+of+in+Germany,+he+would+have+disregarded+all+orders+and+taken+action%22+holding+juno&source=bl&ots=oaKzdJdR8x&sig=r2hkW9MDCNoUYBWKDHeB5Aj6j1M&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjy37qvjIbUAhULbxQKHQEPCTUQ6AEIJjAA#v=onepage&q=%22If%20Rommel%20had%20been%20with%20us%20instead%20of%20in%20Germany%2C%20he%20would%20have%20disregarded%20all%20orders%20and%20taken%20action%22%20holding%20juno&f=false https://books.google.com.ph/books?id=BxsnAgAAQBAJ&pg=PT16&dq=flight+to+varennes+slow+carriage&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BO8IU47KJeq8iAfwkYHoCg#v=onepage&q=flight%20to%20varennes%20slow%20carriage&f=false https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/mar/23/usa.september11 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a8/What_if_I_ask_for_help.JPG https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d2/Flickr_-_Laenulfean_-_crossroads.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4d/Sonnengewehr.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/87/Bundesarchiv_Bild_146-1981-147-30A%2C_Hochdruckpumpe_V-3.jpg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69Bcce-ogQQ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/DC-1914-27-d-Sarajevo-cropped.jpg/905px-DC-1914-27-d-Sarajevo-cropped.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d2/Assassination_of_Archduke_Ferdinand.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/14/Richard_Ned_Lebow_IMG_1882_edit.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/af/Vickers_machine_gun_in_the_Battle_of_Passchendaele_-_September_1917.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7/Ebensee_concentration_camp_prisoners_1945.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_map_of_the_Austro-Hungarian_Empire.svg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/46/Russian_Revolution_of_1917.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/af/Vendome-and-PhilipV.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/23/Europe_c._1700.png https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6d/The_British_Empire_Anachronous.png
Views: 222372 TopTenz
This is a video about the antibiotic Penicillin done by the students of Taylor's University. This short video will show you the origin of antibiotic and how it plays an important role in impacting our lives today. We hope you will enjoy watching this video and please leave a LIKE and comment below. WRITTEN, PRODUCED AND DIRECTED BY Yap Sheng Jie Vincent Hii Zhan Mee Felix Mea Hing Jian Tan Hong Sheng Genevieve Lim Hui Xin Ng Chin Hooi STARRING Genevieve Lim - Narrator Ng Chin Hooi - Alexander Fleming Yap Sheng Jie - Presenter 1 Tan Hong Sheng - Presenter 2 Vincent Hii Zhan Mee - Presenter 3 Felix Mea Hing Jian - Demonstrator SOUNDTRACKS Legend of Korra- Prologue http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qvjb4KEZJHo Legend of Korra - Good ol Days http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cSH343FJ7iw Legend of Korra - Ending theme http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVKAhSpAp7U Maple story theme song http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVKAhSpAp7U Footage used HD Stock Footage WWII Penicillin Manufacturing For War Effort 1944 Newsreel - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y2xGFtxq56s World War 1 Footage http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oSwGT_-WrhE
Views: 409 sheng jie yap
Documentary Film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. Knowledge comes in different ways through our five senses. Hearing, watching, touching, smelling and tasting are the only doorways to the outer world. The wise men say that if something is not truly experienced with all our five senses, the experience will be partial, not total. Therefore in a way almost all our gained knowledge through life is partial. And maybe they are right.
Views: 87 SUPERIOR HISTORY
Taylor Swift Endgame Parody: Resistance Lyrics: I wanna end resistance. Antibiotic resistance. It makes us feel threatened. Bacteria are getting resistant. (Big complications (X2). We all have antibiotic complications. AAAHHH! We need to find better solutions. YO! We have some big complications) (X2) Antibiotics were first discovered by Flemming who found out accidentally that penicillin placed in a mold, killed bacteria before they could grow. Penicillin became a top seller in the market, for healing wounds from the Second World War predicament. Antibiotics work by weakening the bacteria. It deforms proteins and enzymes that form bacterial cell walls. This allowed for these antibiotics to cure many diseases, but there’s a problem when a bacterial culture becomes resistant. Antibiotic resistance is driven by natural selection. It’s survival of the fittest that passes on to the next generation. Some bacteria can develop mutations, through the different forms of reproduction. Then they produce cell walls that are hard to weaken, so now they can replicate to form a resistant population. Antibiotics now work counterintuitively, but we can reduce the likelihood of infection. I wanna end resistance. Antibiotic resistance. It makes us feel threatened. Bacteria are getting resistant. Now I’ve seen how powerful antibiotics really are, but what is shocking is overall inefficiency. It can cause severe symptoms, such as asthma attacks, and it costs too much to increase in popularity. Some natural threats presented from antibiotics include killing off the good bacteria in the digestive system. This increases susceptibility to harmful infections, which affected millions of people using them in the 20th Century. Antibiotics also affect other industries, where antibiotic treated cows yield low quality milk. 80 percent of antibiotics are put in food animals, leading to antibiotic resistance, such as the salmonella outbreak. Antibiotic resistance is driven by consumer misuse, where people unsuccessfully use it to take care of viruses. They also like to use antibacterial soap, which increases opportunities for resistance. For antibiotic prescriptions, people should take the full dose, and make sure they have the right prescription. Antibiotics now work counterintuitively, but we can reduce the likelihood of infection. I wanna end resistance. Antibiotic resistance. It makes us feel threatened. Bacteria are getting resistant. (Big complications (X2). We all have antibiotic complications. AAAHHH! We need to find better solutions. YO! We have some big complications) (X2) There are alternatives we can take to prevent afflictions. We should also get ample rest if we ever get afflicted, so that the immune system can use more energy to power up killer cells to stop the infection. We can also use natural antibiotics, such as olive oil and garlic, which can kill bacteria slowly through many ways of attacking. If natural antibiotics are not enough to cure our complication, then a medical alternative is non-mutated bacteriophages. I wanna end resistance. Antibiotic resistance. It makes us feel threatened. Bacteria are getting resistant. I wanna end resistance. Antibiotic resistance. It makes us feel threatened. Bacteria are getting resistant.
Views: 208 Big Shim
Filmed at Romagne 14-18 museum: http://romagne14-18.com Plastic and reconstructive surgery saw rapid development during World War 1. Modern medical care and better equipment increased the chances of survival for the soldiers. But these survivors were often disfigured or lost limbs as a result. To help them return to a somewhat normal life, reconstructive surgeons developed methods to restore their faces and aided them with prosthetics. » HOW CAN I SUPPORT YOUR CHANNEL? You can support us by sharing our videos with your friends and spreading the word about our work.You can also support us financially on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thegreatwar You can also buy our merchandise in our online shop: http://shop.spreadshirt.de/thegreatwar/ Patreon is a platform for creators like us, that enables us to get monthly financial support from the community in exchange for cool perks. » WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION ABOUT WORLD WAR I AND WHERE ELSE CAN I FIND YOU? We’re offering background knowledge, news, a glimpse behind the scenes and much more on: reddit: http://bit.ly/TheGreatSubReddit Facebook: http://bit.ly/WW1FB Twitter: http://bit.ly/WW1Series Instagram: http://bit.ly/ZpMYPL » CAN I EMBED YOUR VIDEOS ON MY WEBSITE? Of course, you can embed our videos on your website. We are happy if you show our channel to your friends, fellow students, classmates, professors, teachers or neighbours. Or just share our videos on Facebook, Twitter, Reddit etc. We are also happy to get your feedback, criticism or ideas in the comments. If you have interesting historical questions, just post them and we will answer in our OUT OF THE TRENCHES videos. You can find a selection of answers to the most frequently asked questions here: http://bit.ly/OOtrenches » CAN I SHOW YOUR VIDEOS IN CLASS? Of course! Tell your teachers or professors about our channel and our videos. We’re happy if we can contribute with our videos. If you are a teacher and have questions about our show, you can get in contact with us on one of our social media presences. » WHAT ARE YOUR SOURCES? Videos: British Pathé Pictures: Mostly Picture Alliance Background Map: http://d-maps.com/carte.php?num_car=6030&lang=en Literature (excerpt): Gilbert, Martin. The First World War. A Complete History, Holt Paperbacks, 2004. Hart, Peter. The Great War. A Combat History of the First World War, Oxford University Press, 2013. Hart, Peter. The Great War. 1914-1918, Profile Books, 2013. Stone, Norman. World War One. A Short History, Penguin, 2008. Keegan, John. The First World War, Vintage, 2000. Hastings, Max. Catastrophe 1914. Europe Goes To War, Knopf, 2013. Hirschfeld, Gerhard. Enzyklopädie Erster Weltkrieg, Schöningh Paderborn, 2004 Michalka, Wolfgang. Der Erste Weltkrieg. Wirkung, Wahrnehmung, Analyse, Seehamer Verlag GmbH, 2000 Leonhard, Jörn. Die Büchse der Pandora: Geschichte des Ersten Weltkrieges, C.H. Beck, 2014 If you want to buy some of the books we use or recommend during our show, check out our Amazon Store: http://bit.ly/AmazonTGW NOTE: This store uses affiliate links which grant us a commission if you buy a product there. » WHAT IS “THE GREAT WAR” PROJECT? THE GREAT WAR covers the events exactly 100 years ago: The story of World War I in realtime. Featuring: The unique archive material of British Pathé. Indy Neidell takes you on a journey into the past to show you what really happened and how it all could spiral into more than four years of dire war. Subscribe to our channel and don’t miss our new episodes every Thursday. » WHO IS REPLYING TO MY COMMENTS? AND WHO IS BEHIND THIS PROJECT? Most of the comments are written by our social media manager Florian. He is posting links, facts and backstage material on our social media channels. But from time to time, Indy reads and answers comments with his personal account, too. The Team responsible for THE GREAT WAR is even bigger: - CREDITS - Presented by : Indiana Neidell Written by: Indiana Neidell Director: Toni Steller & Florian Wittig Director of Photography: Toni Steller Sound: Toni Steller Mixing, Mastering & Sound Design: www.above-zero.com Editing: Toni Steller Motion Design: Philipp Appelt Research by: Indiana Neidell Fact checking: Markus Linke The Great War Theme composed by Karim Theilgaard: http://bit.ly/karimyt A Mediakraft Networks Original Channel Based on a concept by Spartacus Olsson Author: Indiana Neidell Visual Concept: Astrid Deinhard-Olsson & David van Stephold Executive Producer: Spartacus Olsson Producer: Toni Steller & Florian Wittig Social Media Manager: Florian Wittig Contains licenced Material by British Pathé All rights reserved - © Mediakraft Networks GmbH, 2016
Views: 468068 The Great War
Since the widespread use of antibiotics began in the 1940s, we've tried to develop new drugs faster than bacteria can evolve -- but this strategy isn't working. Drug-resistant bacteria known as superbugs killed nearly 700,000 people last year, and by 2050 that number could be 10 million -- more than cancer kills each year. Can physics help? In a talk from the frontiers of science, radiation scientist David Brenner shares his work studying a potentially life-saving weapon: a wavelength of ultraviolet light known as far-UVC, which can kill superbugs safely, without penetrating our skin. Followed by a Q&A with TED Curator Chris Anderson. Check out more TED Talks: http://www.ted.com The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design -- plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. Follow TED on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TEDTalks Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/TED
Views: 52729 TED