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English Grammar: The Prepositions ON, AT, IN, BY

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English for Beginners: Prepositions are short words that help us express location, time, and other relationships between people and things. Some examples of prepositions are: on, at, in, and by. Do you know how to use them? For example, do we say, "I am on a taxi" or "in a taxi"? Do you like to travel "in a plane" or "by plane"? After watching this simple but useful lesson, you will know exactly which preposition to use in any situation. Test yourself with our quiz: http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-prepositions-on-at-in-by/ TRANSCRIPT I'm having a hard time reading on the train right now. Unh. Hold on. I'll start the lesson. Hi. James from engVid. Sorry, I was on the train. I want to teach you a lesson about four basic prepositions that we use in English that sometimes get confused, and I understand why, so I'll keep it basic. But because it's basic, it's going to be 80% correct. That's a good thing, that means you can go to the website and learn more from other lessons we have. But just know that sometimes there'll be exceptions, and I may not cover it here today. I'll even give you two exceptions to help you, but why waste time? Let's go to the board. Here's Mr. E. You'll notice he has a calendar, he has a clock, and: "You are here"? Oh, here. "Here" is a location. We're here right now, doing a lesson. That's the location: engVid. Let's go to the board and do the rest of the lesson, shall we? Here's: "at", "on", "in", and "by". "At". I love it because it's very specific, so you always know where you are, exactly. Problem: For transportation, "at" doesn't have anything. Hmm. So let's go to the next one. Let's go to "on". On. "On" is used for, let's say, large vehicles or large ways of travelling, such as buses... Sorry. Trains, buses, planes, and boats. I'll come back to boat in a second; it's an exception. On the train, on the bus, and on the plane, unless you're Bill Gates, Donald Trump, or me-I'm not in that list-you don't have your own train, plane, or bus, so you usually share it with a bunch of people or a few people. It's large. So we say: "You're on the bus", because it covers a big area, so there are many people sitting in that area. When I get to location, you'll see what I mean. Boat is a small exception. For many people in the world, they have their own boats because maybe they do fishing, or rowing, which is a type of boat that you go by yourself. In that situation, you can use "in". So, if the boat is small enough, say: "in": "I'm in a boat right now." But if it's a big boat, you have to say: "I'm on a boat." Another exception for the "on" rule is bicycle. You're always "on" a bicycle. I know, I said big vehicles, but remember: a bicycle is small, and it doesn't really have a motor or an engine, so we kind of give it its own thing, because you have to sit on the bicycle, and you can never really be in a bicycle. Is that good? Now, let's go to "in". "In" is funny because there are only two things for "in". "In" we use for car and taxi. The easy way to think about it is usually you own your own car; it doesn't belong to a group of people. People just don't get on your car every time you stop it, they go in and say: "Take me somewhere." And a taxi, well, when you're in a taxi, it is kind of your car. You pay the driver and you keep the car. So, this is one of those few cases where, because it belongs to me, I am in my car or I am in the taxi, because the taxi belongs to me as long as I pay the money. It's one of these funny exceptions. I don't know why, because you can put more people in a car, but I guess because you can actually own this transportation, it's yours. Think of it like the small boat. The small boat, one person is in it, you can be inside of it. All right? Cool. The last one we're going to do is "by". This is how you get there. So, "by" is different. When we talk about "in" and "on", you are... We are talking about how you are in the vehicle. Are you sitting on the bicycle? I can see you on it? You know, a boat is on water. But "by" just means: How did you get here? So, when someone responds to you with: "By car", "by plane", they're telling you how they got here. Not if they're in the plane, or on the plane. They are just... That's how they got there. So, how did I get here to do this video? Wouldn't you like to know. I'm kidding. I came here by car. So, yes, I was in my car and drove here, but I would tell somebody: "I got here by car, not by bus", and that would tell them the difference in the transportation I took. "How did you get here?" You like that? Good, so that's "by", this is how you did it; and the way you travelled is here, "in" and "on". Remember there is a small exception for small vehicles, so a small boat you can be in. Remember small. And a bicycle, you're always on the bicycle, because people see you sitting on it. We good? Excellent. Now, that is the lesson for transportation.
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Text Comments (2249)
Moncef Amouri (9 hours ago)
on my horse
petix len (9 hours ago)
On facebook In facebook On tv In tv. Confusing.. 😅
syed shah (15 hours ago)
Karina Recenzje (17 hours ago)
I love youuuu
Kelly Rodriguez (20 hours ago)
Omg i love the way you teach.
Domy Andrade (1 day ago)
And what about dates? Like birthdays? If I need to say: My birthday is...April 7th.
Vibes (1 day ago)
What about 'in' a room. Or 'in' a meeting... I.e. 'in the middle of something'..?
Davi Silva (1 day ago)
Vibes where you from?
Orik Ahmed (1 day ago)
In morning or at morning/ in night or at night?
Hena Ahmad (2 days ago)
I got so many new things to learn from you ,i myself is student english literature but i enjoy learning from your video ,your presentation and explanation is so clear and placid ,i just love it immensly😊😊😊😊😊😞
harryfromwork (2 days ago)
This is excellent.
Arwah Gillani (2 days ago)
Learning so much.
Irine Marie Pacheco (2 days ago)
Thank you for this video it helps me a lot and now I know what is the proper uses of this preposition
Thandeka Mbhamali (3 days ago)
today i came across with James, the best Tutor.
mel mot (3 days ago)
I'm very thankful for find your videos, you're the best, I really need this lesson.😀
Great effort.
mohammed a (3 days ago)
Typical English teacher, he's trying so hard to make this lesson funny but come one my dad got better jokes that you do.
mohammed a (3 days ago)
But to be honest he's a good teacher
valere Nsimba (3 days ago)
You are the best. Thanks so much!!
rio (3 days ago)
thank you, sir.
Nicos Nentchev (4 days ago)
Leia Lello (4 days ago)
A great way to teach, the clear, simplified manner and with great humility way.
Hassan Pierre Arceno (5 days ago)
You too coo cool 😊
mehdi nsib (5 days ago)
In the morning in the afternoon at night except
Thanks James. It’s the best video about prepositions!
asad khan (6 days ago)
I didn't get the usage of 'by' with the context of time. Could anyone give me 1 or 2 sentences?
Imbicyl 666 (6 days ago)
blak mn do black jab
Mampao Amirel (6 days ago)
“On the hallway or “In the hallway” P.S 200 meter hallway size
Kevin Ma (6 days ago)
its much better for this lesson if it has quiz
Shekib Fanoos (6 days ago)
love you sir for such nice teaching wish the best at your life
marvin xulu (6 days ago)
can you say by Bus ?
mehri nabi (7 days ago)
I’m studying englis translation at university and I am learning more things from this man than university
Pluma Limón (7 days ago)
OMG! You're amazing 🤗
MI7QC (7 days ago)
thank you for the video
Sadaf azizi (7 days ago)
That was really helpful because I usually make mistakes in preposition.
Lao Thao (8 days ago)
You are wonderful!
I am from Russia, and i understand your videos. You cool teacher. From Russisa with love^)
jawad Orak. (4 days ago)
jawad Orak. (4 days ago)
I wish i could visit russia.
Gender Lopez (8 days ago)
Yeah you’re the best
samz hwang (8 days ago)
ihavebetter explaination on the location column'; for on ( i m on canada soil now) in( I m in the empire state building now
Aadesh Saikia (8 days ago)
He lives ? Jorhat. What will be the preposition in or at
Lukas The Bc (8 days ago)
I'm brazilian.Thanks for the lesson teacher,i don't have more doubts,I understood the prepositions and how i use it,I hope that you make another video using the prepositions in sentences,I'd love it! Thank you,you're the best teacher that i've ever seen in my life!😃😃😃
Spieluhr Nicht Glaube (8 days ago)
Give him couple of beers to this man Perfect lesson
J B-R (8 days ago)
Thanks for the lesson
Alex Fitsum (8 days ago)
An awsome teacher.
Hello! Exist a program about phonetc?
reshma 2321 (9 days ago)
Very good videos sir
Javad Ahmadi (9 days ago)
Thank you. Always great videos 💐
kyle kinghered (9 days ago)
Thank you
Leo (9 days ago)
What about cities, planets countries and internet?
you explain SOOOOOOO well!!... youa re ..... ? !!...fill in the blank for me! :) :)
you are great.. correct me please for a similar to GREAT! :) :)
Митя Пяткин (9 days ago)
А еще стиль подразумевает, что один ты заплатил за таксомотор, то на это пора оно твоё:)
David Tolosa (9 days ago)
Spanish is my native language and thank you. I’m understanding you more than Spanish people
Mocha Vibes (10 days ago)
i’m at cafe and i am in cafe have same meaning??
ABDUHAKIM Abdusamadov (10 days ago)
Scysraper... Dwayne Johnson on a tower and in a tower
Aditi Kapoor (10 days ago)
you are best English teacher after rani
Mateus Müller (10 days ago)
Oh thanks a lot teach
Usama Qurashi (10 days ago)
You have a app of English learning app sand me the links
Parveen Kumar (10 days ago)
I came on bus Or I came by bus Plzzzzz mark correct one...
M A (11 days ago)
This lesson is the best for beginners like me
LOURD CHARLES (11 days ago)
I thought I was watching Father Gabriel of the Walking Dead teaching us some english LOL
diane lebiram (11 days ago)
this is a great video.just now i fully understand how to use these prepositions.thank you so much.
Finn Ballor (11 days ago)
Thank you so much a wonderful explaining..god bless u man!
menna assem (11 days ago)
Thanks for your beautiful efforts
thuy nguyen thu (11 days ago)
which preposition go with 'district" ?
fianielle fianielle (12 days ago)
Wow! I already know now what's the difference. Thank u sir!
Tanjiba Nawreen (12 days ago)
I love your lectures!
Amor Amor (12 days ago)
My favorite English teacher!
ミ美Mibi (13 days ago)
U explain superb well
Yes Román (13 days ago)
What about a helicopter or the beach ? I suck at prepositions 😭
Selin S (13 days ago)
You're a good teacher , besides that you're so stylish .
vai negi (13 days ago)
Anyone here who has crush on English teacher and is learning English to impress her next day
Alam Jesus (13 days ago)
Rodrigo Rmrz Casillas (14 days ago)
And what about when you talk about cities or countries?
God IsLove (14 days ago)
Helpful much thank you.
Pravin Raut (14 days ago)
I am from India
Pravin Raut (14 days ago)
👌👌👌Nice Sir
PIZZAGamerYT G (15 days ago)
When im located in a city, do I have to use in or on? I'm in Miami or I'm on Miami? Being the city an area.
Aymen Romdhani (15 days ago)
I'm from France, so English is not my first language. I'm confused between up and down after a verb. Example: get down, give up hurry up.... So can you please explain to us the difference between them and if you have an easier way so we can put them correctly. Thank you.
Aymen Romdhani (4 days ago)
Peter Moody Thanks. That helps me a lot. I need to practice it more by reading until I master it.
Peter Moody (13 days ago)
To: Aymen Romdhani - Prepositions, such a 'up' and 'down' after the verb are directional indicators to the verb's meaning. If the direction is not being denoted spatially, i.e. 'up', 'down', 'forth', 'back', etc. in a physical direction, then it is implied that the action of the verb is increased in a positive or negative aspect, using 'up' as a positive increase and 'down' as a negative increase.
Nawaf Kurdi (15 days ago)
??what about holiday ?????shall we use on, or in
Gift gift (15 days ago)
But if I go with other people’s car like friend or family, what word should I use?
Achan Langkan (16 days ago)
Superb teaching
らすく! (16 days ago)
I want subtitles in Japanese
Vag. gio (16 days ago)
I need to know In the sentence "the dog was restricted to the balcony" is there anything wrong ?
Ranger Denver (16 days ago)
yor're the great teacher!
Ashna Khan (16 days ago)
are you in office or at office?
u're such a good teacher..
Thắng Shy (17 days ago)
On and in aslo are used in others case . Ex: i am in a project or congratulate on your success so on. - i wanna know all of them please !!!
Polly Huang (17 days ago)
I'm in my time machine... wanna join?
Bob Thebuilder (17 days ago)
I like him, he IS The perfect teacher! We all want a one of himå
ahmed Yahya (17 days ago)
Well done
Carol A. (17 days ago)
Thanks!! 😄
John Smith (17 days ago)
Thank you!
Puro angolano Luanda (17 days ago)
Great teacher 👍🏽
Alirio Peralta (17 days ago)
You have done a great job. Thanks!
Ahmed Mahmood (18 days ago)
It's nice to see you here!!
Arun Raj (18 days ago)
omg my whole life confusion has been cleared now. thanks to you
Josef Mengele (18 days ago)
I agree with a one of commentator - you are a handsome!
Ricardo Lindor (19 days ago)
you're such a great teacher.
Satnam Singh (19 days ago)
thanks for this
Sally Chandra (19 days ago)
you're so good at teaching! thanks for the lesson <3
siti khalijah (20 days ago)
For van what we use?

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