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English Grammar: The Prepositions ON, AT, IN, BY

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English for Beginners: Prepositions are short words that help us express location, time, and other relationships between people and things. Some examples of prepositions are: on, at, in, and by. Do you know how to use them? For example, do we say, "I am on a taxi" or "in a taxi"? Do you like to travel "in a plane" or "by plane"? After watching this simple but useful lesson, you will know exactly which preposition to use in any situation. Test yourself with our quiz: http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-prepositions-on-at-in-by/ TRANSCRIPT I'm having a hard time reading on the train right now. Unh. Hold on. I'll start the lesson. Hi. James from engVid. Sorry, I was on the train. I want to teach you a lesson about four basic prepositions that we use in English that sometimes get confused, and I understand why, so I'll keep it basic. But because it's basic, it's going to be 80% correct. That's a good thing, that means you can go to the website and learn more from other lessons we have. But just know that sometimes there'll be exceptions, and I may not cover it here today. I'll even give you two exceptions to help you, but why waste time? Let's go to the board. Here's Mr. E. You'll notice he has a calendar, he has a clock, and: "You are here"? Oh, here. "Here" is a location. We're here right now, doing a lesson. That's the location: engVid. Let's go to the board and do the rest of the lesson, shall we? Here's: "at", "on", "in", and "by". "At". I love it because it's very specific, so you always know where you are, exactly. Problem: For transportation, "at" doesn't have anything. Hmm. So let's go to the next one. Let's go to "on". On. "On" is used for, let's say, large vehicles or large ways of travelling, such as buses... Sorry. Trains, buses, planes, and boats. I'll come back to boat in a second; it's an exception. On the train, on the bus, and on the plane, unless you're Bill Gates, Donald Trump, or me-I'm not in that list-you don't have your own train, plane, or bus, so you usually share it with a bunch of people or a few people. It's large. So we say: "You're on the bus", because it covers a big area, so there are many people sitting in that area. When I get to location, you'll see what I mean. Boat is a small exception. For many people in the world, they have their own boats because maybe they do fishing, or rowing, which is a type of boat that you go by yourself. In that situation, you can use "in". So, if the boat is small enough, say: "in": "I'm in a boat right now." But if it's a big boat, you have to say: "I'm on a boat." Another exception for the "on" rule is bicycle. You're always "on" a bicycle. I know, I said big vehicles, but remember: a bicycle is small, and it doesn't really have a motor or an engine, so we kind of give it its own thing, because you have to sit on the bicycle, and you can never really be in a bicycle. Is that good? Now, let's go to "in". "In" is funny because there are only two things for "in". "In" we use for car and taxi. The easy way to think about it is usually you own your own car; it doesn't belong to a group of people. People just don't get on your car every time you stop it, they go in and say: "Take me somewhere." And a taxi, well, when you're in a taxi, it is kind of your car. You pay the driver and you keep the car. So, this is one of those few cases where, because it belongs to me, I am in my car or I am in the taxi, because the taxi belongs to me as long as I pay the money. It's one of these funny exceptions. I don't know why, because you can put more people in a car, but I guess because you can actually own this transportation, it's yours. Think of it like the small boat. The small boat, one person is in it, you can be inside of it. All right? Cool. The last one we're going to do is "by". This is how you get there. So, "by" is different. When we talk about "in" and "on", you are... We are talking about how you are in the vehicle. Are you sitting on the bicycle? I can see you on it? You know, a boat is on water. But "by" just means: How did you get here? So, when someone responds to you with: "By car", "by plane", they're telling you how they got here. Not if they're in the plane, or on the plane. They are just... That's how they got there. So, how did I get here to do this video? Wouldn't you like to know. I'm kidding. I came here by car. So, yes, I was in my car and drove here, but I would tell somebody: "I got here by car, not by bus", and that would tell them the difference in the transportation I took. "How did you get here?" You like that? Good, so that's "by", this is how you did it; and the way you travelled is here, "in" and "on". Remember there is a small exception for small vehicles, so a small boat you can be in. Remember small. And a bicycle, you're always on the bicycle, because people see you sitting on it. We good? Excellent. Now, that is the lesson for transportation.
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Text Comments (1798)
张子规 (5 hours ago)
very clear👍
Nizik AFG (12 hours ago)
Thank you ! I have a question for example if I'm in metro , I should use in metro or on metro ?
Arjun greg pro (1 day ago)
thanks Man For teaching this lesson
tan bey (2 days ago)
hi from egypt u r amazing
Md Sohag (4 days ago)
I need advance level videos
Md Sohag (4 days ago)
But I know how to use those preposition.
Rous M (5 days ago)
I love the way you speak! So clear... Thank you!
singh Bhupinder (5 days ago)
Bro can tell me when use in morning and evening . Tell me about that things
Luillyfe (7 days ago)
I think it is missing some more examples, for examples in location, you just present the concept but not examples at all.
Swipender Swiper (8 days ago)
thanks man
Types of all Pictures (8 days ago)
Best video
JEFF TV (8 days ago)
ozuve hormet qoy
Spifey _ (8 days ago)
Thx from swedish American who somehow lives in Luxemburg but moved to Estiona but it in a tour in Lehenstien to meet my brother lol
Spifey _ (8 days ago)
Close to 1mil hope u get there
LegaNDARY ManTM (9 days ago)
Wow 😳 really good 😘
Yun Yi (9 days ago)
A sane explanation of an insane language. lol... YOU ARE THE BEST!
Ben Hur Pontes (9 days ago)
Well. From Brazil
hele na (9 days ago)
Best Ever Teacher I love the way you speak and your 😃 Thank you very much 🙏🙏👏🌷😘😘♥️
duhawma (9 days ago)
If you are not a millionaire use 'on'.
SINU THOMAS (10 days ago)
Pretty good teaching thnx
quantum leap (10 days ago)
The best lesson I've ever seen! Thank you =)
Cletly Bien Aime (11 days ago)
good
ina zxnzxo (11 days ago)
please which one is correct i am in china or i am at china thanks
ina zxnzxo (8 days ago)
inthegreengrass thanks
inthegreengrass (9 days ago)
I am in China.
Mario Villanueva (11 days ago)
👍
Anita Julaniya (12 days ago)
Bravo ! Simplified.
Úrsula Furtado (14 days ago)
Great!! I love this!! Help me a lot! Thanks from Brazil!!
Wellinghton Soares (16 days ago)
Hi professor. The app Uber it's popular in USA ?
CAM Learning English (16 days ago)
Hi Emma! you are a great English teacher. Your explanations are pretty good.
Miketx 10 (17 days ago)
You are very cool! Thanks help me with my test English!
Murt Ad (18 days ago)
thanks bro شكرا اخي
Md. Zohir Alam (18 days ago)
thank u Sir!
Mister GAGA (19 days ago)
but we say i am in France and not i am on France why? Because France in a big surface no?
Erkosha Mukan (20 days ago)
Thank u so much, you helped me
minerva caronte (20 days ago)
Many thanks !!!
Small Sky (21 days ago)
I don’t understand how I can use by with location
fantasticbroz HD (21 days ago)
tysm you're the best
H.ubaid.R Abid (22 days ago)
Thanks from Pakistan
Djamel Eddin NASRI (22 days ago)
It’s really helpful thx from Algeria
thank you....
Thanks
EasyEnglish TV (23 days ago)
Totally useful!
Thanks a lot!
H.U.Y Bui.Q (23 days ago)
I come from Viet Nam and I like this video
DAOUI ASMAE (24 days ago)
Tnx a lot James keep smiling :)
This Was a Easy And Simple Lesson
math zek (25 days ago)
great! Thanks you so much for this lesson.
Nat Cha (26 days ago)
u r also funny james
mike gomez (26 days ago)
Nice Video Saludos desde Mexico
Huon Phearack (27 days ago)
Hi everyone, I have a question for you. Which is correct? Because he is famous for public speaking, he was invited to give a speech. Reduced Adv Clause: Famous for public speaking, he was invited to give a speech. or: Being famous for public speaking, ...? One more: Because he is weak, he can't lift it. Reduced: Weak, he can't lift it. or : Being weak, he can't lift it?
Laxier (27 days ago)
At airport?
Burak Yılmaz (28 days ago)
at the weekend - on Monday Is Monday longer than a weekend?
Puppet Bunny (28 days ago)
thank you! this was really helpfull
I've been learning English for years, and I couldn't understand prepositions before I watched your video! That is so helpful, thanks a lot!
Thank you very much!!!!! you even can't to image how much you help to students who wants to learn english! You are the best teacher
Y P (30 days ago)
but what about "the school is on Bay st and They live in 10 Park Road"? We are talking about specific location. but we use on and in?
suprer x (30 days ago)
this good lesson
bashir fazli (30 days ago)
i really appreciate your lesson .thank you so much and have a good chance .
Jasmine el fiky (1 month ago)
A lovely light spirited teacher. Thank you
amran maxamed (1 month ago)
Wonderful
Sharon Duncan (1 month ago)
I have a question it is very confusing when you said at 10: 30 specific then You said it doesn't mean 12 that's not at.
Towhid Hossain Kishore (1 month ago)
This gentleman is awesome. God bless you
Selfmade Filmstudios (1 month ago)
Man, you're the most sympathetic teacher!
Zeyneb Zi (1 month ago)
Thank you man 😀
Thank you. I'm in my house.
Jean Analla (1 month ago)
Thanks! Great Class! From Brazil.
سلوم (1 month ago)
your the best teacher in youtube
Ian L (1 month ago)
I describe it like if you can walk around on the specific type of transport ie; bus, plane,train then you are "on" (with the exception of the bicycle)which you sit "on" . if you can not walk around and you must be sitting then you are "in" ie; the taxi , car etc.
Cindy Amalia (1 month ago)
This is veery helpiing mr, thankyouu
Keerthivel XD (1 month ago)
What should I use for "Horse or other animals" (Transportation)
Anabeli Burgos (1 month ago)
be kind. thank you
Devinder Kaur (1 month ago)
thanks
just amazing!
Bijit Talukdar (1 month ago)
Great...love from India.
amin production (1 month ago)
thank you idon't spaek well english but i like it
nico thegamer (1 month ago)
thankuu so much
Roger Ohayashi (1 month ago)
Amazing explanation, I have never saw something like this before.
Poor Guitartist (1 month ago)
So size matters
Ana Kowsk (1 month ago)
Someone Brazilian??
JM yuan (1 month ago)
Can’t thank you enough. I get confused with the use of preposition everyday. But now, it is more clear.
Li Chaofan (1 month ago)
excellent video
HAMID FUROGHI (1 month ago)
I don't know what you mean.
Zhenqing Hu (1 month ago)
Thank you so much! This video explains the differences among these four preposition words very clearly! Should re-visit this video in case I forget how to use these words.
Hany jawed ! : (1 month ago)
Thank you so much professor
Enrico Belardi (1 month ago)
You are very funny, I understand very fast with you, thank you!!
Juan Marco Estrada (1 month ago)
thankyou bro,
Riezyl Joy Anthony (1 month ago)
great explanation BTW. Child-friendly
Riezyl Joy Anthony (1 month ago)
thanks! I used this to review as my tutorial for my STEM test. From the Philippines!
Elhadj Diallo (1 month ago)
why most american said in the train why. also do they speak slang
Marsha Creary (1 month ago)
Great way to teach this concept
Angely Graterol (1 month ago)
Thanks you so much.. I've seen this video at least 3 times.. Cause when I always forget something about those prepositions I remember that you have this video ☺️
Ahmed Wali (1 month ago)
Hello james. When we say "be here in a minute" is that wrong. Because in is used for the long time
Rukaiya Tavawala (1 month ago)
What is the difference between in and into?
surya juttuga (1 month ago)
Perfect!
With out with in (1 month ago)
You are so smart please continue
K B (1 month ago)
"I am end on my lesson.I am in at the limit." Did I understand this good? Because I didn't heard any BY inside.. Thank you
INVIN CIBLE (1 month ago)
i just wanna say thank youu !!!
mohammad ali (1 month ago)
why are YOU so BRILLIANT? Love ya bro.... Great tutor Ive ever seen..(y)
Mateus Silva (1 month ago)
James you're the best
NanaBanana (1 month ago)
I’m English and even I’m like wtf is this lmao
Sparticus Max (1 month ago)
Really help me thanks alooooot infinite thankssss

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